• facebook
Author: Patryk Wawrzyński
E-mail 1: patryk.wawrzynski@gmail.com
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland) & WSB University in Bydgoszcz (Poland)
Author: Alicja Stańco-Wawrzyńska
E-mail: stanco.wawrzynska@gmail.com
Institution: War Studies University in Warsaw (Poland) & Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 145-154
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2016011
PDF: ppsy/45/ppsy2016011.pdf

The paper presents results of the qualitative–to–quantitative narrative analysis of the transitional remembrance policy in South Africa during Nelson R. Mandela’s presidency. It refers to findings on the structure of political applications of historical interpretations to the issue of national identity reconstruction during democratisation. Therefore, the paper considers a degree in which remembrance story–telling was used to legitimise, justify, explain and promote the Rainbow Nation, the inclusive and non–racial vision of South Africa’s ’ideal self’ based on Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s theology of Ubuntu hoping. It investigated these relationships on eight levels – legitimisation of new elites, presence of former elites, transitional justice, social costs of transformations, promotion of new standards, the symbolic roles of democratisation, need for national unity and the new state’s identity in international politics. Moreover, the paper introduces a draft comparison with other cases of transitional remembrance policy – Chile, Estonia, Georgia, Poland and Spain – and it offers the structural model of the use of historical interpretations in South African transition, as well as discussing it with reference to the general model of the transitional remembrance policy. 

References:

  • Barber, J. (2004). Mandela’s World. The International Dimension of South Africa’s Political Revolution 1990–99. Oxford–Cape Town–Athens: James Curry Ltd. & David Philip Publisher & Ohio University Press.
  • Cole, C. M. (2010). Performing South Africa’s Truth Commission: Stages of Transition. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Evans, M. (2010). “Mandela and the Televised Birth of the Rainbow Nation”. National Identities, 12 (3), pp. 309–326.
  • Gagiano, A. (2004). “Adapting the National Imaginary: Shifting Identities in Three Post–1994 South African Novels”. Journal of Southern African Studies, 30 (4), pp. 811–824.
  • Haws, C. G. (2009). “Suffering, hope and forgiveness: the Ubuntu theology of Desmond Tutu”. Scottish Journal of Theology, 62 (4), pp. 477–489.
  • Marszałek–Kawa, J., Piechowiak–Lamparska, J., Ratke–Majewska, A., & Wawrzyński, P. (2016a). Polityka pamięci i kształtowanie tożsamości politycznej w czasie tranzycji poautorytarnej. Tom 1: Studia przypadku. Warszawa: Difin.
  • Marszałek–Kawa, J., Ratke–Majewska, A., & Wawrzyński, P. (2016b). Polityka pamięci i kształtowanie tożsamości politycznej w czasie tranzycji poautorytarnej. Tom 2: Analiza porównawcza. Warszawa: Difin.
  • Marszałek–Kawa, J., & Wawrzyński, P. (2016). “Remembrance, Identity Politics and Political Transitions: a Comparative Study”. Polish Political Science Yearbook, 45, 11–21.
  • Swanson, D. M. (2009). “Where have all the Fishes Gone? Living Ubuntu as an Ethics of Research and Pedagogical Engagement”, In: D. M. Caracciolo & A. M. Mungai (Eds.), In the Spirit of Ubuntu. Stories of Teaching and Research (pp. 3–21). Rotterdam–Boston–Taipei: Sense Publishers.
  • Tutu, D. (1994). The Rainbow People of God: A Spiritual Journey From Apartheid to Freedom. Cape Town: Double Storey Books.
  • Wawrzyński, P. (2015). “Emocje i zaangażowanie a skuteczność narracji polityki historycznej. Wyniki badań eksperymentalnych”. Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość, 26, pp. 159–182.
  • Wawrzyński, P., Muszyński, M. A., Czarnek, G., & Schattkowsky, R. (2015). “Individual Differences and Attitudes towards the Government’s Remembrance Policy”. Polish Political Science Yearbook, 44, pp. 125–139.
  • Wawrzyński, P., & Schattkowsky, R. (2015). “Attitudes towards the Government’s Remembrance Policy in Poland: Results of an Experimental Study”. Politics in Central Europe, 11 (2), pp. 73–94.
  • Welsh, Frank (2000). A History of South Africa. London: HarperCollins Publishers.

 

Message to:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart

Korzystając z naszej strony, wyrażasz zgodę na wykorzystywanie przez nas plików cookies . Zaktualizowaliśmy naszą politykę przetwarzania danych osobowych (RODO). Więcej o samym RODO dowiesz się tutaj.