• facebook
Author: Arie Krampf
E-mail: arielhan@yahoo.com
Institution: Ben Gurion University of the Negew (Israel)
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 227–241
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018205
PDF: ppsy/47-2/ppsy2018205.pdf

Since the early 2000s, Israel has adhered to a particularly virulent strain of economic neoliberalism which has led to an unprecedented rise in nationwide levels of poverty and inequality. Attempts to explain this phenomenon have ignored a key aspect: The need of Israel – and especially its right-wing governments – to create an economic reality that reduces the pressure Israel faces from the international community in the wake of its continued occupation of the territories.

References:

  • Aaron Institute. (2015). “Intervention in the Foreign Exchange Market in Zero Interset Rate Environment - Discussion.” Herzliya: Aaaron Institute for Economic Policy - IDC.
  • Baker, P. & Davis J. H. (2016). “U.S. Finalizes Deal to Give Israel $38 Billion in Military Aid”. The New York Times, September 13.
  • Bareket, A. (2016). “Simhon: Stop the Foreign Currency Purchases.” Globes, January 6.
  • Ben-Bassat, A. (2002). “The Obstacle Course to a Market Economy in Israel”. In A. Ben-Bassaṭ (Ed.), The Israeli Economy, 1985-1998: From Government Intervention to Market Economics. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Ben-David, D. & Bleikh, H. (2013). “Poverty and Inequality over Time: In Israel and the OECD”. Policy Paper Series, No. 2013.03. Jerusalem: Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel.
  • Ben Nun, B. (2016). “The War on the Currency War.” Industry Gate (blog), 2016
  • Ben-Porat, G. (2005a). “A New Middle East? Globalization, Peace and the ‘Double Movement’”. International Relations, 19 (1), pp. 39–62.
  • Ben-Porat, G. (2005b). “Between Power and Hegemony: Business Communities in Peace Processes”. Review of International Studies, 31 (02), pp. 325-348.
  • Ben-Porat, G. (2008). “Political Economy: Liberalization and Globalization”. In G. Ben-Porat, Y. Levi, S. Mizrachi, A. Naor & E. Tzfadia (Eds.), Israel Since 1980. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 91–116.
  • Ben-Porat, G. & Yuval, F. (2007). “Israeli Neo-Conservatism: Rise and Fall?”. Israel Studies Review, 22 (1), pp. 3–25.
  • Bohle, D. & Greskovits, B. (2007). “Neoliberalism, Embedded Neoliberalism and Neocorporatism: Towards Transnational Capitalism in Central-Eastern Europe”. West European Politics, 30 (3), pp. 443–66.
  • Bonefeld, W. (2012). “Freedom and the Strong State: On German Ordoliberalism”. New Political Economy, 17 (5), pp. 633–56.
  • Brand, G. & Regev, E. (2015). “The Dual Labor Market: Trends in Productivity, Wages and Human Capital. In D. Chernichovsky & A. Weiss (Eds.), State of the Nation Report. Society, Economy and Policy in Israel 2015”. Jerusalem: Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel (Hebrew).
  • Buchnik, M. (2016). “The Untold Story of the Military Aid Agreement. Mida, June 21. (Hebrew)
  • CBS. (2009). Export Concentration in Israel, 2006-2008. Jerusalem: Central Bureau of Statistics. (Hebrew)
  • Dooley, M.P., Folkerts-Landau, D. & Garber P. (2003). “An Essay on the Revived Bretton Woods System”. NBER Working Paper, No. 9971. Cambridge MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Dooley, M. P., Folkerts-Landau D., & Garber, P. M. (2004). “The US Current Account Deficit and Economic Development: Collateral for a Total Return Swap”. NBER Working Paper No. 10727, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Filc, D. (2006). “Israel Model 2000: Neoliberal Postfordism”. In D. Filc & U. Ram (Eds.) Rule of Capital: Israeli Society in the Global Age. Jerusalem: Van Leer Institute, pp. 34–56. (Hebrew)
  • Friedman, Y. (2014). “Bennett: Talking about Judaism without Apologizing”. Channel 7, May 1. (Hebrew).
  • Gal, J. (2010). “Is There an Extended Family of Mediterranean Welfare States?” Journal of European Social Policy 20 (4), pp. 283–300.
  • Gill, S. (1998). “European Governance and New Constitutionalism: Economic and Monetary Union and Alternatives to Disciplinary Neoliberalism in Europe”. New Political Economy, 3 (1), pp. 5–26.
  • Gowan, P. (2001). “Neoliberal Cosmopolitanism”. New Left Review, 11, pp. 79–93.
  • Harari, O. (2015). “The Hughes Decision: Hypocrisy and Injustice”. Channel 7, January 18. (Hebrew).
  • Harvey, D. (2005). A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Hay, C. (2006). “The Genealogy of Neoliberalism”. In K. Ravi Roy, A. T. Denzau & T. D. Willett (Eds.). Neoliberalism: National and Regional Experiments with Global Ideas. London & New York: Routledge, pp. 51–70.
  • Held, D. & McGrewm, A. (2007). Globalization/Anti-Globalization: Beyond the Great Divide. Cambridge: Polity.
  • Hermann, C. (2007). “Neoliberalism in the European Union”. Studies in Political Economy, 79, pp. 61-90.
  • IEICI. (2014). Export Concentration Report 2014. Tel Aviv: The Israel Export & International Cooperation Institute. (Hebrew)
  • Israel, G. (2016). American Financial Aid Weakens Israel. Mida, August 4 (accessed: December 2017; Hebrew).
  • Katzenstein, P. (2015). Small States in World Markets: Industrial Policy in Europe. Cornell University Press, 2015.
  • King, D. & Wood, S. (1999). “The Political Economy of Neoliberalism: Britain and the United States in the 1980s”. In G. Marks, H. Kitschelt, J. D. Stephens & P. Lange (Eds.) Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism. Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 371–397.
  • Klein, Z. (2004). “Economic Independence? Irrelevant”. Globes, April 25. (Hebrew)
  • Koren, O. (2013). “Teva, Khil, Intel and Checkpoint.” The Marker, May 5 (Hebrew).
  • Krampf, A. (2018). The Israeli Path to Neoliberalism: The State, Continuity and Change. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon & New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Kristal, T. (2013). “Slicing the Pie: State Policy, Class Organization, Class Integration, and Labor’s Share of Israeli National Income.” Social Problems 60(1), pp. 100–127.
  • Levi, Y. (2003). The Other Army of Israel: Materialist Militarism in Israel. Tel Aviv: Yedioth Ahronoth. (Hebrew)
  • Maman, D. (2004). “State-Corporate Relationships in an Era of Shifting Regime: The Case of Corporate Law Reform in Israel”. Qualitative Sociology, 27 (3), pp. 317–342.
  • Maman, D. & Rosenhek, Z. (2011). The Israeli Central Bank: Political Economy, Global Logics and Local Actors. London & New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Maman, D. & Rosenhek, Z. (2012). “The Institutional Dynamics of a Developmental State: Change and Continuity in State–Economy Relations in Israel”. Studies in Comparative International Development, 47 (3), pp. 342–363.
  • McNamara, K. R. (1998). The Currency of Ideas: Monetary Politics in the European Union. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
  • MoF. (2015). Report on the Benefits Under the Law for the Encouragement of Capital Investments. Jerusalem: Ministry of Finance. (Hebrew).
  • Molana, H. & C. Montagna. “Expansionary Effects of the Welfare State in a Small Open Economy.” The North American Journal of Economics and Finance 18, no. 3 (December 1, 2007): 231–46.
  • Netanyahu, B. (1996). “PM Netanyahu- Speech to US Congress”, July 10. Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • Palley, T. I. (2006). “The Fallacy of the Revised Bretton Woods Hypothesis: Why Today’s System Is Unsustainable and Suggestions for a Replacement”. PERI Working Paper Series, 114. Amherst, MA: Political Economy Research Institute.
  • Peres, S. (1978). “Strategy for a Transition Period”. International Security, 2 (3), pp. 4–12.
  • Ptak, R. (2009). “Neoliberalism in Germany: Revisiting the Ordoliberal Foundations of the Social Market Economy”. In P. Mirowski & D. Plehwe (Eds.). The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 98–138.
  • Ram, U. (2000). ‘The Promised Land of Business Opportunities:’ Liberal Post-Zionism in the Global Age.” In G. Shafir & Y. Peled (Eds.). The New Israel: Peacemaking and Liberalization. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, pp. 217–40.
  • Ram, U. (2006). “The New Gaps: Global Capitalism, Post-Fordism and Inequality”. In D. Filc and Uri Ram (Eds.). Rule of Capital: Israeli Society in the Global Age. Jerusalem: Van Leer Institute, pp. 16–33.
  • Razin, A. (2018). Israel and the World Economy: The Power of Globalization. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Rodrik, D. (1998). “Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?” Journal of Political Economy 106 (5): 997–1032.
  • Rosenhek, Z. & Shalev, M. (2013). “The Political Economy of the Social Protest”. Theory and Criticism, 41:45–68. (Hebrew).
  • Obinger, H., S. Leibfried, C. Bogedan, E. Gindulis, J. Moser & P. Starke. (2005). “8 Welfare State Transformation in Small Open Economies.” European Review 13 (1), pp. 161–85.
  • Shalev, M. (1992). Labour and the Political Economy in Israel. The Library of Political Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Shalev, M. (1998). “Have Globalization and Liberalization ‘Normalized’ Israel’s Political Economy?”, Israel Affairs 5 (2–3), pp. 121–155.
  • SII. (2014). “Poverty and Social Gaps.” Social Insurance Institute Annual Report. Jerusalem (Hebrew).
  • Svirski, S. (2006). “Economy and Society in Times of Empire”. Iyunim, 16, pp. 592–549 (Hebrew).
  • Zilberfarb, B. Z. (2005). “From Socialism to Free Market – The Israeli Economy 1948–2003”. Israel Affairs, 11 (1), pp. 12–22.

 

Message to:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart

Korzystając z naszej strony, wyrażasz zgodę na wykorzystywanie przez nas plików cookies . Zaktualizowaliśmy naszą politykę przetwarzania danych osobowych (RODO). Więcej o samym RODO dowiesz się tutaj.