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Author: Wiesław Wacławczyk
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2006
Source: Show
Pages: 7-15
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2006001
PDF: ppsy/35/ppsy2006001.pdf

One can hardly overestimate the meaning of freedom of speech in the European tradition. It dates back to the times of the ancient Greece, although it was only John Milton who wrote the first tract devoted to the subject in question. In his Areopagitica (1644), Milton skillfully defended the principle of a free flow of ideas by stressing out that an open and undisturbed clash of various information and opinions is a condition of discovering truth in life. The best-known and most frequently quoted fragment of Areopagitica reads: “And though all the winds of doctrine were let loose to play upon the earth, so Truth be in the ! eld, we do injuriously, by licencing and prohibiting to misdoubt her strength. Let her and Falsehood grapple; who ever knew Truth put to the wors, in a free and open encounter. Her confuting is the best and surest suppressing”.

 

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