Author: Magdaléna Nedelová
Author: Denisa Šukolová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 19-29
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.01
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170301.pdf

Abstract:

The study presents a secondary analysis of the “Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes, Generic Skills Strand”, the international study of critical thinking skills (OECD, 2012). National secondary analyses include a comparison of student teachers (n = 110) and students of other study programmes (n = 413) in critical thinking and investigates a potential relation of contextual characteristics with their critical thinking performance. Performance Task and Multiple Choice Questions were used to measure critical thinking skills and a Contextual Questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data, and subjectively evaluated characteristics related to test-taking motivation and coursework. The main results showed that student teachers scored lower in critical thinking performance than students of other study programmes.

Tags: critical thinking initial teacher education assessment

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Author: Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski
Author: Mirela Nowicka
Author: Agnieszka Kowalczyk
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 30-39
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.02
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170302.pdf

Abstract:

The aim of the study was to reveal age differences in motives and barriers of women attending fitness centers. 157 women aged 17-83 (M=43.86±15.40) participated in the study. All of them were members of fitness centers in the Silesia Metropolis in Poland. The most common reported motives for exercising were health and revitalization. Four motives changed when comparisons were made between age groups: affiliations, competition, health pressure and avoiding diseases. All these motives were stronger in older women. The main barriers to exercising were time constraints and physical limitations. The severity of time barrier significantly decreased with age and in older women it fell into the second place in the hierarchy, giving priority to physical barriers.

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Author: Genutė Gedvilienė
Author: Vidmantas Tūtlys
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 40-53
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.03
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170303.pdf

Abstract:

This article focuses on the analysis of the current state of the key competence development of adults in Lithuania. The following key competences are analysed: communication in native tongues and foreign languages, development of cultural awareness, entrepreneurship, application of information society technologies, and learning to learn. The research involved analysis of the definition and role of the key competences, discussing their typologies and revealing the preconditions, factors and approaches to the development of the key competences. Results of the quantitative survey involving 6992 adult respondents in Lithuania showed that the key competences are important for the majority of the research sample in their social, work and personal life. Individualised ways of key competence development are applied more frequently than collective ways. Key competence development is mostly enhanced by personal needs (work, wish of development and self-realization) and support of the family. The most frequently mentioned obstacles to the development of key competences are lack of financial resources and expensive training services.

Tags: lifelong learning (LLL) key competences Lithuania

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Author: Danuta Borecka-Biernat
Author: Gražina Čiuladienė
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 54-64
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.04
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170304.pdf

Abstract:

Based on the assumption that cultural orientations affect interpersonal conflicts, the study examined conflict styles across two national cultures of neighboring European countries, i.e. Lithuania and Poland. Whereas Poland and Lithuania score relatively high in terms of individualism, they differ in terms of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and masculinity-femininity. For the research purposes, a conflict resolving style questionnaire was applied, which was prepared by T. Wach according to the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument. The questionnaire was administered to 520 participants aged 13–15. Conflict style comparisons demonstrated that the Lithuanians chose dominating and accommodating styles more often than the Polish did, and the Polish chose integrating more often than the Lithuanians. The research findings can be a valuable source in predicting conflict resolution patterns.

Tags: cultural dimension conflict style Lithuania Poland

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Author: Hossein Jenaabadi
Author: Naser Nastiezaie
Author: Hamideh Safarzaie
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 65-76
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.05
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170305.pdf

Abstract:

This study aimed to examine the relationship of academic burnout and academic stress with academic self-efficacy among graduate students. 307 graduate students at the University of Sistan and Baluchestan (140 female and 167 male students) were selected as a sample using the stratified random sampling method. The subjects were evaluated by questionnaires on academic burnout, academic stress, and academic self-efficacy. Data was analyzed using one-sample t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and simultaneous regression analysis. Results revealed that academic burnout was significantly related to academic self-efficacy among the students, in the way that an increase in academic burnout among the students led to a decrease in their academic self-efficacy. Moreover, academic stress was significantly related to academic self-efficacy, in the way that an increase in academic stress among the students led to a decrease in their self-efficacy.

Tags: academic self-efficacy academic stress academic burnout

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Author: Umi Mahmudah
Author: Suhartono
Author: Siti Fatimah
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 91-100
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.06
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170306.pdf

Abstract:

The main purpose of this study was to analyze factors that affect quality education in Indonesia. Although ordinary least square (OLS) regression is very popular in the analysis of the relationship between independent variables and dependent variablse, it is less than perfect when data are contaminated by outliers. Therefore, a robust approach is applied to face the problem of outliers due to its ability to down-weight the outlier influences. Results reveal that M-estimator of robust regression is better used to investigate the factors that influence the quality of education in Indonesia because it provides better accuracy.

Tags: robust approach quality education

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Author: Abdulwahab Pourghaz
Author: Afsaneh Marziyeh
Author: Somayeh Najaf
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 91-100
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2016.45.3.07
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170307.pdf

Abstract:

The present study aimed to explain the relationship between critical thinking and social tolerance among the students of the faculty of psychology and educational sciences of Zahedan University. The study methodology was descriptive-correlational. 294 students were selected from the faculty of psychology and educational sciences of Zahedan University in BA and MA courses by the stratified sampling method by Morgan Table. For data collection, a researcher-built questionnaire of social tolerance and the critical thinking questionnaire by Ricketts were applied and the reliability of these two questionnaires by Cronbach’s alpha was 0.84 and 0.85, respectively. The results of the correlation test showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between critical thinking and political, ethnic, nationality toleration, toleration against coverage and relationship and total toleration. The stepwise regression analysis showed that critical thinking dimensions explained the variance of social tolerance.

Tags: engagement innovativeness religious toleration political toleration ethnic toleration social tolerance critical thinking

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Author: Josef Malach
Author: Kateřina Kristová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 101-114
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.08
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170308.pdf

Abstract:

The interest in education for entrepreneurship in primary and secondary schools constantly rises and it arouses a need to examine its impact on certain entrepreneurial characteristics. Not much research focusing on this topic has been conducted as yet. Research usually shows its positive impact on the intention to do business. In this study, we examined the mutual relation of five variables: pupils’ entrepreneurial spirit, pupils’ attitude to entrepreneurship, the school education focus on entrepreneurship, teachers’ influence and the influence of their relatives-entrepreneurs. To collect data, we used ASTEE questionnaire. The researched sample consisted of 268 pupils from primary and secondary schools in the Czech Republic. Only medium or small correlation values were found between the researched variables, which means that the formation of pupils’ entrepreneurial spirit and attitude to entrepreneurship is not principally influenced by the learning content about entrepreneurship and by teachers. The findings can support the opinion that education for entrepreneurship and preparation for entrepreneurship is more effective in a thought-out entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Tags: school entrepreneurship education teachers encouraging entrepreneurial spirit elatives-entrepreneurs attitude to entrepreneurship entrepreneurial spirit

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Author: Salah Hailat
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 115-125
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.09
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170309.pdf

Abstract:

 The primary purpose of this study was to determine the image of women in the books of national and civic education of basic education in Jordan. To achieve the purpose of the study, content analysis was utilized. Results of the study indicated that the woman’s image in these books is traditional and atypical because of her low and weak participation in public jobs, restricted participation in traditional jobs, restriction of her roles in the home, limited positive characterization of her roles, and her appearance as a follower and helper to men. Finally, the significance of this study lies in its contribution to educational reforms related to woman image and textbooks.

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Author: Mário Dulovics
Author: Jana Kamenská
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 126-137
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.10
PDF: tner/201703/tner20170310.pdf

Abstract:

The study maps cyber-aggressors in elementary and secondary schools, with regard to an analysis of cyber-bullying forms. The aim of the presented empirical research was to identify pupils in the research sample who had committed repeated aggressive behaviour towards another person via the Internet, as well as to find out significant differences in individual cyber-bullying forms by gender and attended school forms. The research sample consisted of 390 pupils of elementary schools and 541 pupils of secondary schools. Empirical data were collected with the use of the questionnaire method. 96 cyber-aggressors were identified in the research sample. They were pupils who ticked one or more statements relating to cyber-bullying forms, admitting that they had repeatedly used them. It was found out that the most frequent cyber-bullying form was insults, threats and name-calling in online communication, thus the so-called flaming

Tags: aggressor pupil cyber-bullying elementary school students internet

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