Author: Ingrid Emmerová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 17-25
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.01
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170401.pdf

Abstract:

The study focuses on pupils’ aggression towards teachers. The goal of the study was to determine a statistically significant relationship between the forms of aggressive behaviour and the age of teachers and the length of their teaching experience. The research sample consisted of 268 teachers of elementary schools, secondary vocational schools and grammar schools in the region of Banská Bystrica. Results revealed a statistically significant negative relationship between teachers’ age and the years of teaching experience in three forms of aggressive behaviour: refusal to obey instructions, intentional disruption and ironic remarks. A statistically significant relationship was observed between the length of teachers’ teaching experience and destruction of school property.

Tags: pupils’ aggressive behaviour towards teachers teacher aggression pupils

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Author: Rajka Bračun Sova
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 26-35
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.02
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170402.pdf

Abstract:

This paper is a Central European contribution to the current knowledge of Erasmus students‘ motivations. It takes as its starting point the fact that one of the reasons for studying in a foreign country is learning about different cultures. 30 Erasmus students from 8 European countries, enrolled in Museum Education course in two academic years at the Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, participated in the research. The analysis of qualitative data, collected by individual interviews, a focus group and written personal reflections, revealed that, when making specific country and study decisions, students are driven by three motivational factors: discovery, change and curiosity. The research, done from the perspective of cultural heritage, additionally indicated how geography shapes the cultural experience of Erasmus students and what role museum and heritage site visiting play in it.

Tags: intra-European student mobility internationalisation higher education

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Author: Petro Kendzor
Author: Larysa Kolesnyk
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 36-47
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.03
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170403.pdf

Abstract:

In 2014 the ongoing armed conflict in Ukraine forced thousands of people to leave their homes and seek refuge elsewhere. The number of officially registered internally displaced persons (IDPs) has exceeded 1.76 million. More than 300 thousand of them are children. The aim of the paper is to present the results of sociological research “Study of socio-psychological needs of school-age children, displaced from the Anti-Terrorist Operation Zone (ATO)”. Quantitative and qualitative research methods, the survey of parents and teachers who work with IDP children have been applied. Results show IDP children do not have specific needs the satisfaction of which would require a separate intervention. On the contrary, there is a need for maximum integration in the social environment of the host community. The research was conducted within the framework of the project “Integration Through Dialogue”, 2015–2017, with the support of the European Commission.

Tags: adaptation and integration in host community communication and rejecting problems socio-psychological needs of IDP children educational needs IDP children internally displaced person (IDP)

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Author: Somaye Bikar
Author: Afsaneh Marziyeh
Author: Abdulwahab Pourghaz
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 47-55
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.04
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170404.pdf

Abstract:

The presented study aimed to determine the relationship between affective structures and academic burnout among male and female third grade high school students in Zahedan in the 2016/2017 school year. The descriptive-correlational study had a sample including 362 students selected with the use of a multistage cluster sampling method. To collect data, the Academic Burnout Questionnaire (Berso et al., 1997) and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson et al., 1988) were used. Results of the present study indicated that positive affect was significantly and diversely related to the subscales of academic burnout (academic fatigue, academic apathy, and academic inefficiency). Moreover, negative affect was significantly and directly related to all the subscales of academic burnout. Results of an independent t-test demonstrated that there were no significant differences between the male and female students with regard to positive and negative affects. However, academic burnout was higher among the male students compared to their female counterparts. Furthermore, results of a stepwise regression analysis showed that in the first step, positive affect alone predicted 22% of the variance in academic burnout and in the second step, negative affect increased the power of predicting academic burnout to 28%. Given the predictive power of affect, it can be effectively applied to prevent academic burnout.

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Author: Krystyna Nowak-Fabrykowski
Author: Monika Wiśniewska-Kin
Author: Anastasia Bristley
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 56-69
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.05
PDF: http://www.czasopisma.marszalek.com.pl/images/pliki/tner/201704/tner20170405.pdf

Abstract:

The goal of this research project is to analyze children’s understanding of the concept of friendship by investigating symbolic representation in drawing and metaphoric expression in language. This research project is grounded in the conceptual metaphor theory (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980), in which metaphor is defined as a conceptual-linguistic mapping between a source and a target domain. It uses qualitative, ethnographic research based on Spradley’s (1979) theory stating that meanings are derived from symbolically coded concepts where X is a symbol and Y is a referent. The researchers in this study, one from the USA and one from Poland, asked a group of preschool children to draw pictures of their friends. When the children finished their drawings, the researchers asked them 4 questions: “What did you draw?” “Why are they friends?” and “A friend is like…”, “A friendship is like…”. The results demonstrate that preschool children have the cognitive ability to understand the concept of friend and even differentiate between friends and playmates. In the study, the children could determine the number of their real friends, and for most children in both countries, it was 1 or 2 friends. In the group of American children, friendship (X) had two basic meanings (Y): helping (YH) and playing (YP). In Poland, friendship meant playing (YP) and being together after school (YBT). The children in both countries associated friends (target domain) with (source domain) certain people (FP), character quality (FCH), activity (FA) and (FO) object/places. A  comparison of the results demonstrates a difference in the number of friends the children claimed to have in Poland versus the USA. Additionally, the research showed that the American children drew only their friends without including themselves, while the Polish children included themselves in their pictures.

Tags: friendship metaphoric expressions

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Author: Mahtab Pouratashi
Author: Asghar Zamani
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 70-82
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.06
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170406.pdf

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits and education-research performance of faculty members. A survey was conducted among 321 faculty members in Tehran University, Iran. The research instrument included: personal and professional features, items related to personality traits, and items related to self-evaluation of education and research performance. Reliability and validity of the instrument were determined through opinions of faculty members and application of Cronbach’s Alpha, respectively. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using SPSS/Windows. Findings showed that neuroticism had a  negative and significant effect on education and research performance. Openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness had positive and significant effects on research performance. Extraversion and agreeableness had positive and significant effects on education performance. Finally, results showed that agreeableness had the most effect on educational performance and neuroticism had the most effect on research performance.

Tags: faculty member research performance education performance personality traits

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Author: Maria Świątkiewicz-Mośny
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 83-94
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.07
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170407.pdf

Abstract:

The research results presented in this article originate from the research and educational project conducted from January to June 2017, titled Prevention of cervical carcinoma, or how it is done in Tychy. Analysis of knowledge sources and the views on HPV vaccines, which was funded with a grant by the Polish Cancer League Foundation. The research material allowed for formulating the guidelines for the educational and preventive treatment programs addressed to young people and their parents. Despite free vaccinations against the HPV virus from some local governments, the percentage of people covered by vaccinations is decreasing. What is needed in order to reverse the negative tendencies is a set of new, innovative solutions, addressed at the needs and expectations of the beneficiaries. Therefore, people should be educated on the risk of falling ill, while HPV vaccinations constitute an important element of primary prevention.

Tags: cervical cancer cancer prevention youth

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Author: Stanislaw Juszczyk
Author: Mária Karasová
Author: Alojz Kostelanský
Author: Zuzana Chanasová
Author: Miriam Uhrinová
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 94-108
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.08
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170408.pdf

Abstract:

The attitude of parents influences formation of children’s attitude to life. It is even more noticeable when speaking about media. The proposed contribution shows partial results of research carried out as a part of VEGA project No. 1/0913/15: Media literacy of young school-age children in the context of family and school cooperation. The character of the empirical research was diagnostic and quantitative-qualitative. The aim of the research was to examine media education performed in formal and non-formal ways among young schoolaged children in Slovakia. 28 schools from all over Slovakia were examined in the presented research. The contribution focuses mainly on findings from questionnaires given to parents and other focus groups, i.e. pupils.

Tags: parents young school-age children media education pupils family slovakia

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Author: Anna Brosch
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 109-122
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.09
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170409.pdf

Abstract:

The goal of this study was to determine the preferences concerning Facebook usage by university students in Poland and the Czech Republic regarding their gender and nationality. This study aimed also to discover the relation between the need to be popular on Facebook and three key factors: the number of Facebook friends, activity on Facebook and perceived enjoyment during this activity. To get necessary data, multiple research tools were developed – a questionnaire consisting of four sections and a 12-item questionnaire measuring the level of the need for popularity. Results show that there is no significant differences in the background of Facebook usage between Polish and Czech students. However, there is a statistically significant correlation between the need for popularity and two factors: the number of friends (r = .501) and the level of perceived enjoyment in using Facebook (r = .401). The results suggest that participants feel pleasure while undertaking different actions on Facebook and treat Facebook as a way to increase their perceived popularity.

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Author: Baskoro Adi Prayitno
Author: Suciati
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 123-133
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.10
PDF: tner/201704/tner20170410.pdf

Abstract:

This research aimed to examine the strategy effectiveness of the Integrating Inquiry-based learning and Student Teams Achievement Division (INSTAD) compared to other strategies: Inquiry; Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD); and conventional learning, in order to narrow Upper Academic Ability (AA) and Lower Academic Ability (AB) science students’ learning outcome gap. As many as 136 research subject, consisting of AA and AB 7th grade students in equal numbers were selected using stratified random sampling from 27 State Junior High Schools in Surakarta, Indonesia. This research employed 4x2 factorial design as a method. Students’ learning results were measured with an essay test, then analyzed using Anakova. Findings demonstrate that INSTAD is the optimum strategy to constrict AA and AB students’ science grade point average, compared to Inquiry, STAD, and conventional learning.

Tags: inquiry STAD INSTAD learning outcomes

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