Author: Leo Agung Sutimin
Author: Nur Fatah Abidin
Author: M. Hum
Author: Hermanu Joebagio
Author: Sariyatun
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 19-29
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.01
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180101.pdf

Abstract:

The presented research develops a deconstructive learning history model to promote the Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) of university students. According to Thiagarajan, Semmel, & Semmel’s (1974) approach, the model was developed in four stages: defining, design, development, and dissemination. The research participants were 120 students of the History Education Department, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia. The authors found the main problems related to the aspects of chronological thinking, students’ passive attitude, and the availability of learning path. Based on those problems, the author designed a deconstructive learning history model, consisting of four learning stages: problem statement, deconstruction, construction, and articulation. At the development and summative evaluation stages, the learning model proved feasible and effective in promoting the HOTS, thus, the learning model can solve the problems of time orientation and students’ passive attitude. Considering the findings and results of the research, the authors state that the learning model becomes a decisive factor in provoking students to reach the higher cognitive level in Bloom’s taxonomy.

Tags: deconstructive learning model learning history higher order thinking skill

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Author: Nazaruddin Ali Basyah
Institution: Asnawi Muslem
Author: Bustami Usman
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 30-40
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.02
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180102.pdf

Abstract:

The objective of this study was to investigate whether the use of the Jigsaw model in teaching-learning Economics could improve the results of Senior High School Students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. A quasi-experimental design was used in this study, which used 60 randomly sampled second year (Grade 11) High School students for the sample, divided into two classes of 30; one the experimental group (EG) and the other the control group (CG). The two groups were homogenous in terms of their initial ability. The instrument used in this study was an essay test. T-test was used to analyse the data collected. The results from the post-test showed that there was then a significant positive difference between the two groups in terms of the students’ achievements in economics; after the EG had been taught-learnt using the Jigsaw model for three months, they got significantly higher results in their economics essays than the CG students, who had been taught economics using the standard model and had not used Jigsaw. The implications of this study show that the use of the Jigsaw model in teaching-learning economics can be a model for improving students’ achievement.

Tags: achievements of students Jigsaw model

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Author: Nazaruddin Ali Basyah
Author: Asnawi Muslem
Author: Bustami Usman
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 41-52
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.03
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180103.pdf

Abstract:

The research is aimed at studying academic achievement and the effects of attitudes towards agriculture from teaching and learning through the integration of agricultural knowledge with the Thai language, mathematics, and science subjects of the first grade of elementary school in Thailand. This study was a true experimental design, which employed only the post-test control group design. Results of the study were as follows: 1) Teaching/learning which employed agricultural knowledge to integrate subjects could enhance the students’ knowledge of agriculture; and 2) Teaching and learning through integrated subjects made the students have increased attitudes towards agriculture.

Tags: Jigsaw model achievements of students

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Author: Cheng-Chang Tsai
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 53-65
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.04
PDF: tner/2018/tnrt20180104.pdf

Abstract:

With the rapid development of Augmented Reality (AR), an increasing number of studies has been conducted to explore the effectiveness of this technology in the field of education. Few, however, have examined how AR might influence EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners’ vocabulary learning efficiency. To fill in this gap in the literature, the purpose of this study is to compare traditional English flash cards with the vocabulary learning method of Augmented Reality to see which English vocabulary learning is more efficient for elementary school students. The study was conducted at an elementary school in Taiwan, and the participants were 66 third grade pupils in total. The study was conducted at two stages in terms of data collection. At the first stage, the control and experimental groups took the same English vocabulary test without any teacher instruction as a pretest. At the second stage, the control group used flashcards to learn 20 target English words by themselves in 30 minutes. The experimental group adopted the Augmented Reality 3D effect of 20 target words by themselves in 30 minutes. After that, both groups took the same English vocabulary test again as a posttest. On the whole, Augmented Reality teaching effects apparently excel the effects of the traditional vocabulary learning methods. The results of this study have shown that the learning method of Augmented Reality was more efficient than the learning method using English flash cards at various proficiency levels (high, intermediate, and low) in terms of English vocabulary learning. The learning method of English flash cards had significant differences in high and low level groups as well as intermediate and low level groups, with the exceptions of high and intermediate level groups. It is worth improving children’s English vocabulary learning by using Augmented Reality in their daily lives in terms of mobile learning. 

Tags: English vocabulary learning English flash cards Augmented Reality elementary school students

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Author: Faisal Azeem Abbassi
Author: Nasim Akhtar
Author: Sehrish Farooq
Author: Khadim Hussain
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 66-77
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.05
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180105.pdf

Abstract:

The presented study is intended to suggest the best model to predict students’ academic performance at university level. For this purpose, primary data was collected from 400 undergraduate and graduate students of eight departments of Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), which were selected through stratified random sampling. CGPA is used as an indicator of students’ academic performance. Stepwise linear regression is used to select the best model to predict students’ academic performance at tertiary level. The final model selected through stepwise regression includes six variables: the student’s IQ, ownership of AC, gender, geographic location, self-study hours and ownership of fridge as significant predictors of students’ academic performance at tertiary level. IQ, ownership of assets and self-study hours are found to have a positive effect on CGPA while being male and the distance of the household to nearest market are found to have a negative effect on CGPA. 

Tags: socioeconomic status CGPA model selection academic performance

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Author: Lucyna Kopciewicz
Author: Hussein Bougsiaa
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 76-90
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.06
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180106.pdf

Abstract:

This text presents and discusses results of empirical research conducted during 3 school semesters (1.5 of school year) in a primary school in Poland. The research focused on the introduction of tablets (iPads) to didactic design and aimed at the observation of learning processes of the entire school community in connection with the appearance of a new educational actor. We used a qualitative research approach, mainly video-ethnography (60 hours of recorded material). This research approach resulted in the identification of maps of teaching and learning practices and their meanings in the changing school field.

Tags: SAMR model didactic design teaching mobile technology transformation

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Author: Grzegorz Adamczyk
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 93-103
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.07
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180107.pdf

Abstract:

The purpose of this article is to analyse the relations between students’ cultural and social capital and their competence test results in the field of the Polish language. The data come from the research carried out in 2013 in 60 middle schools in 5 provinces of Poland. Students filled in survey questionnaires regarding their school and family environment and 3 competence tests. Two types of socio-cultural capital were distinguished – soft and hard capital. The hard socio-cultural capital affects approximately 10% of the students’ results. If the soft and hard capital resources and the extent of identification with school were increased by one level, this would result in an average increase in the 1st form students’ results of the test regarding cultural texts analysis and interpretation by 21.4%.

Tags: social determinants of the effectiveness of the educational process tests of students’ skills cultural capital social capital

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Author: Jolanta Bonar
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 104-114
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.08
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180108.pdf

Abstract:

The article presents the results of research carried out in the 2016/2017 school year in selected primary schools in an urban environment (Łódź). The aim of the study was to diagnose the ways of understanding the abstract concept of the horizon, in groups of 8- to 9-year-olds and 9- to 10-year-old children. The research was carried out in a  venue that provided a  natural learning environment (in two second grade classes and two third grade classes). The research adopted the strategy of didactic intervention. The researcher acted as an observer and a participant, and the research material came from participatory observation. The observation covered both the activities of pupils as well as the effects of these activities. The research material obtained in the course of conversations with children and their artistic activity was analyzed. The research results reconstructed the children’s process of understanding the concept of the horizon and revealed possibilities of enriching educational discourse.

Tags: ways of categorizing the concept understanding of the concept participatory observation didactic intervention

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Author: Salah Hailat
Author: Yousef Eyadat
Author: Khaleda Zaid
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 115-124
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.09
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180109.pdf

Abstract:

 The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using a virtual history strategy on the development of historical thinking skills among a sample of undergraduate classroom teachers from one public university located in the middle part of Jordan. To achieve this purpose, a historical thinking test was adapted from Al-Safadi (1999), and applied to one classroom with (54) students who studied Arab world history course during the 2016/2017academic year. The results of the study indicated significant differences (α = 0.05) between the pretest and posttest in the students’ historical thinking as a result of utilizing the virtual history approach. The study was concluded by proposing practical and theoretical recommendations for the field of study.

Tags: undergraduate university students historical thinking virtual history

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Author: Kamila Majewska
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 125-135
DOI Number: 10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.10
PDF: tner/201801/tner20180110.pdf

Abstract:

The article serves as a summary of one of the parts of the research carried out under the NP-2550 grant in the Department of Education and Media in Education of the Faculty of Pedagogical Sciences at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. The presented analyses concern the application of modern educational tools in the process of education. The work includes a discussion of the frequency, as well as ways, of using ICT devices by early education teachers. It shows the relationship between the presence of modern computer tools in the teaching process and the constructive-cognitive character of activities undertaken in the classroom. The research referred to was carried out among 148 teachers in the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province. The analyses presented to the reader are mainly based on the quantitative data obtained on the basis of: knowledge and skills tests, observation, as well as surveys. The research material was supplemented with qualitative data obtained through the conducted interviews.

Tags: multibook smartphone interactive whiteboard tablet modern educational tools cognitivism internet constructivism

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