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Author: Andrzej Chodubski
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 210-226
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014211
PDF: npw/07/npw2014211.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article points out that:

1) The Polish-Mongolian and Mongolian-Polish contacts devloped rapidly after the World War II as a consequence of the international cooperation of the socialist states.

2) Science and education were particularly important factors.

3) Poles significantly contributed to the cultural and civilization transformation of Mongolia, including the spheres of construction, industry, and agriculture.

4) Memories of the Polish-Tatar contacts still remain in the collective consciousness of Poles; the negative image of a community which destroys the cultural achievements of conquered peoples has formed.

5) The contemporary knowledge about Mongolia and Polish-Mongolian relations is largely shrouded with a mist of myths and stereotypes.

consciousness of transition Poles Mongolia political culture international relations

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Author: Arkadiusz Krawcewicz
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 227-245
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014212
PDF: npw/07/npw2014212.pdf

Streszczenie:

The aim of this article is to present the eastern policy in conceptions of Stronnictwo Konserwatywno-Ludowe (SKL). Stronnictwo was established in 1997 as result of uniting such political parties as Partia Konserwatywna, Stronnictwo Ludowo- Chrześcijańskie and the group of Members of Parliament from Unia Wolności. The youth organisation of SKL was Młodzi Konserwatyści AWS. Stronnictwo is categorised as a postsolidarity and conservative party. In the field of the eastern policy, SKL appealed to historical geopolitical conceptions: the Promethean conception, the political thought of the Parisian „Kultura” and indirectly to ideas of Adolf Bocheński. The party believed that independent Ukraine had fundamental meaning for the security of Poland. In the opinion of SKL Russia returned to imperial policy towards the states of the Central and Eastern Europe. The accession to NATO and the European Union was supposed to be a chance for Poland, which could become the creator of the EU eastern policy in this way. The members of the party and the youth organisation to cooperated also with the opposition in Belorussia, for example Białoruski Front Ludowy.

Ukraine’s independence the concept of geopolitical Eastern policy youth organizations conservative parties security Russia

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Author: Swietłana Czerwonnaja
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 246-272
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014213
PDF: npw/07/npw2014213.pdf

Streszczenie:

The history of the areas (incorporated to the Belarusian SSR in 1939), which in the Belarusian and Russian historiography adopted the geopolitical term “Western Belarus,” in Polish historiography is seen as an integral part of the overall history of the multinational Polish State. Regardless of the form of the state, which have evolved in the course of historical development (i.e. as part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, founded in the 16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – which from the late 18th to the early 20th century was under Russian domination; finally revived in 1918 as the Second Polish Republic of interwar era, which has become a victim of Nazi on the one hand and on the other hand, the Stalinist aggression in September 1939) the history of “Eastern Borderlands”, including areas inhabited mostly by Belarusian peasants, is recognized in Polish literature in the paradigm of “our common and only homeland”, to which the love, affection, compassion are inseparable from the whole Polish patriotism. The distinction between methodological principles of Polish and Russian-Belarusian (tsarist, Soviet and post-Soviet times) lies in the fact that in the last so-called “Western Belarus” occurs as an entity independent of the fate of Poland, subject of research and legal entity (on the basis of which, among others, it was incorporated in the Belarusian SSR), while in Polish studies and assessments of all aspects of the history and culture of the people of this country and its political transition are presented through the prism of Polish historical issues. This applies to threads, causing debates (for example, about the borders approved by the Treaty of Riga in 1921), grief, accusations of treason by a certain group of Belarusian activists of inter war era, a sad irony in relation to the so-called national enthusiasm with which Belarusians erected “welcome gates” for the Red Army. The first part of the article concerns texts by Józef Mackiewicz, Kazimierz Podlaski, Sokrat Janowicz and other authors who in Poland and in exile dealt with the history of “Western Belarus” until 1939.

interpretation of the Polish historiography Western Belarus Second Polish Republic The Belarussian minority history

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Author: Akylbek L. Saliev
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 273-282
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014214
PDF: npw/07/npw2014214.pdf

Streszczenie:

There are considered problems of imperial administration`s intervention in legal proceedings affairs of the nomadic population of Turkestan.

nomadic people imperial authorities Turkestan history Law public administration

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Author: Akmal Saidov
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 15-42
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014101
PDF: npw/06/npw2014101.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article is devoted to the historical evolution and modern development trends of the Constitution of Poland. It provides the general characteristics of formation and development of the Republic of Poland. It is emphasized that Poland is the earliest explorer of the European constitutionalism. Since 1791 in the constitutional history of Poland were approved the nine constitutional documents. In addition, consideration is given to such historical constitutions as the Constitution of May 3, 1791, the Grodno Constitution of November 23, 1793, the Lower Constitution of February 20, 1919, the March Constitution of 1921, the Constitution of 1935, the Constitution of the Peoples’ Republic of Poland of 1952, the Constitution of 1976, the present Constitution of 1997. The article reveals the main features of the present Constitution and characterizes contemporary constitutional system of Poland.

constitutional system of Poland peculiarities of the Polish Constitution the present Constitution of Poland of 1997 constitutional development and reform of Poland Constitution of Poland Rzeczpospolita Constitution

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Author: Khatira M. Ibragimova
Year of publication: 2014
Pages: 43-51
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014102
PDF: npw/06/npw2014102.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article is dedicated the role of the national leader of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev in the formation religious tolerance. The author considers the main principles of tolerance in the country, the role and relevance of religious values in a sovereign democratic country.

religious tolerance Heydar Aliyev Azerbaijan

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Author: Rafał Czachor
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 52-66
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014103
PDF: npw/06/npw2014103.pdf

Streszczenie:

The process of political disintegration of the Soviet Union has not ended with official dissolution of this state in the end of 1991. The best evidence of instability of the post-Soviet space are “frozen” ethno-political conflicts in Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The main goal of this article is to analyze the attitude of South Ossetian political elites to the idea of independence. The author presents the development of political life in South Ossetia since the declaration of its independence in 1990. He argues that despite of strong will to get sovereignty, South Ossetian politicians are considering the future of separatist quazi-state within Russian Federation. In fact both Ossetian elite and Russian authorities get advantages of current status quo.

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Author: Maciej Franz
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 67-80
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2014104
PDF: npw/06/npw2014104.pdf

Streszczenie:

On February 3, 2014, the American task force, including the command ship USS „Mont Whitney” entered the Black Sea. The ship was a flagship during the last few military operations of the USA on the Mediterranean Sea for example against Libya or in the area of Syria. The American task force appeared on the Black Sea without giving the official reason. It is possible that it happened in frameworks of anti - terrorist operations by the way of the Olympic Games in Sochi but it is also possible that it was to support Georgia and to represent American political interests.

anti-terrorist operation USS „Mont Whitney” the Black Sea Georgia Russia

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