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Author: Andrzej Furier
E-mail: andrzej.furier@interia.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 7-25
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181601
PDF: npw/16/npw2018101.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper Politics of Russia and security of Eastern Europe after 1991 examines the impact of policy on Russia after 1991, the safety of Eastern Europe. The author focused on activities of Russia to Ukraine and the Caucasus at the beginning of the 21st century. In that time is the activation of Western policy in the region. NATO turns out logistical support of the region’s States in the reconstruction and modernization of the armed forces. Russia’s response to the aggressive military action, the effect of which was the war with Georgia in 2008 and annexation of Crimea in 2014. It takes place now hybrid warfare with the Alliance and consolidated at the same countries such as Ukraine. The escalation of the aggressive actions of Russia threatens regional and delay the integration of Eastern European States with the European Union.

Russia security foreign policy war Eastern Europe

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Author: Aleksandra Kozioł
E-mail: koziol.sasza@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 27-47
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181602
PDF: npw/16/npw2018102.pdf

Streszczenie:

Since the fall of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Russian Federation has been trying to regain its importance in the global arena. One way of restoration of influence in the world is to build a multipolar order, including the establishment of regional alliances. Shanghai Cooperation Organization is one of such attempts in the region of Central Asia, and even the entire Asian continent. Therefore, drawing attention to the role of Russian Federation in the development of this structure appears to be important, especially when considering the growing significance of Central Asia as a result of the construction of the New Silk Road. Russian authorities, however, do not limit their involvement to the single structure. At the same time they are working on development of other organizations, aimed at building their influence in the world. By such actions Russian Federation is trying to minimize the significance of the People’s Republic of China, European Union and United States of America, especially in the so-called near abroad.

Russian Federation Shanghai Cooperation Organization integration security economy Astana Summit

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Author: Nataliia Slobodian
E-mail: natalyslobodian@gmail.com
Institution: Scholarship of Krzysztof Skubiszewski Foundation
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 49-65
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181603
PDF: npw/16/npw2018103.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article focuses on the concept of energy diplomacy. It was proved that the European vector of Russia’s current foreign policy is characterized by an ability to use the energy factor as a tool of power and impact to promote and consolidate the Kremlin’s geopolitical interests in Europe. This article reviewed the political technologies of Russian energy diplomacy in the European space such as uncompromising position during negotiations and predetermined before achieving the results, political exchange, technology of “surprise effect”, barbell strategy, pipeline diplomacy, suppression of competitor and others. The issue of EU–Russian energy conflict communication is in the centre of research. It was analyzed the algorithm of Russia’s actions positioning itself as an energy superpower in building up the socalled system of power relationship on the Eurasian continent. It was presented in the article possible options for European states’ effective countering energy expansionism of Russia.

energy diplomacy energy policy political technology energy superpower Energy Diplomacy Action Plan multistakeholder interests investment in the energy project Nord Stream 2

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Author: Patrycja Rutkowska
E-mail: patinet@op.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Author: Marcin Adamczyk
E-mail: marcin.amadeusz.adamczyk@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 67-83
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181604
PDF: npw/16/npw2018104.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this article is to present and compare China’s economic, political and military involvement in Ukraine and Belarus, with particular emphasis on their role in the global expansion of the PRC. China after the opening of the economy to the world in the early 1980s, immediately became one of the most important elements of the global economy. The article will attempt an analysis of Chinese investments on the Dnieper, but also the political and military aspects of this cooperation.

army China Belarus Ukraine investments politics

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Author: Tomasz Waśkiel
E-mail: tomasz.waskiel@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 85-100
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181605
PDF: npw/16/npw2018105.pdf

Streszczenie:

The issue of access to water in Central Asia has a centuries-old history and it is an exceptionally complex issue. The Central Asian republics, for twenty – six years of their sovereignty, have not been able to create an effective water resource management system. This state of affairs causes constant disputes and controversies, as well as various threats – social, economic and environmental. The article explores the genesis of the problem, especially from the period of Soviet power, when huge irrigation system was created and based on two rivers: the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya. These powerful investments combined with extensive farming are the root causes of today’s problems. The countries of the region tried to regulate the issue of managing the water resources by signing regional agreements in this matter, the most important are these signed in: Almaty, Kyzyl–Orda and Ashgabat. Bilateral or tripartite agreements between states were also concluded. Unfortunately, most of them were ineffective, contractual provisions remained only in writing. One could say that the cooperation between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan on the rivers Chu and Talas is the only positive example. The contradictory economic and political interests of Central Asian countries were recognized as the main source of the water management system inefficiency. Relations between the states are often suspicious and fueled by nationalism. Central Asia is a region that is not internally integrated, in which it is difficult to develop inter-state agreements. The author concludes that the shift in Uzbekistan’s foreign policy may support developing a new regional compromise in the long term perspective.

Central Asia water resources political and economic conflicts

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Author: Nurlana Muzaffar Aliyeva
Institution: Baku Slavic University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 101-110
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181606
PDF: npw/16/npw2018106.pdf

Streszczenie:

This article is dedicated to the problems of new Azerbaijani prose. Author analyzed problems of new Azerbaijani prose in the context of all Turkish literature. The features of Azerbaijani literature of XVII–XIX century are investigated through some of factors which touch nationality, religious, modernity. Examples of Azerbaijani writers’ works of art are given in the article. The human conception is more criticized in works of writers.

new Azerbaijani prose Turkish literature literary quality peculiarity creative work human conception

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Author: Rafiq Manaf Novruzov
Institution: Baku Slavic University
Author: Gulnar Fikret Novruzova
Institution: Baku Slavic University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 111-124
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181607
PDF: npw/16/npw2018107.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article deals with the symbolic meaning of figure 4 in Khayyam’s poetry.

Эта статья касается символического значения числа „четыре” в поэзии Ома- ра Хайяма

symbol poetry elements four

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Author: Ильас Г. Гамидов
Institution: Бакинский славянский университет
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 125-138
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181608
PDF: npw/16/npw2018108.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article deals with the role of affirmative/negative category in the formation of paremiological units. The qualification of this category at the level of architectonics of an ordinary sentence does not coincide with its role in the structure of paremiological units. In paremiological units negation acts as model-making-factor and constituenty of these models. Special negation functions model-making, too this kind of negation functions mainly as articulation in ordinary sentences. Paremiological units exit in general and negative orbits and do not accept double negation. The reason is that semantic structure of negation in paremiological units is of independent constructive character and does not lean on affirmative meaning from opposite side and its paradigms.

category of affirmation / negation general negation special negation paremiological units

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