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Author: Antonina Kozyrska
E-mail: kozyrska@umk.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 7-32
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181701
PDF: npw/17/npw1701.pdf

Streszczenie:

The challenges in the confessional sphere in a concept of national security of Ukraine after the Revolution of Dignity

The new concept of the national security of Ukraine after the Revolution of Dignity considered the challenges in the confessional sphere as well. They were considered as a part of humanitarian or cultural security. The threatening in this industry was mostly regarded as the result of “soft” instruments of Russia’s impact on the Ukrainian society, particularly in the Crimea and Donbass areas, which are not controlled by Kiev. Such an activity was aimed at fomenting of religious grounds and inter-confessional and social conflicts. This led to the strengthening of separatism, the destabilization of the internal situation and the depreciation of the international image of Ukraine. Considering such threatening, the main tasks were: to neutralize Russian propaganda within the country and abroad through the UOC- MP and the ROC, to oppose to anti-Ukrainian activity of quasi-Church organizations, to improve the legislation and the communication between religious associations, the state and society, to harmonize the inter-ethnic relations, and to increase the level of religious tolerance. As the necessary means of limiting the Russian presence in the humanitarian sphere, the building of Ukrainian Local Orthodox Church was the priority challenge.

Ukraine national security humanitarian security religious security Украина

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Author: Paulina Maria Nowicka
E-mail: pnowicka@wum.edu.pl
Institution: Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 33-44
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181702
PDF: npw/17/npw1702.pdf

Streszczenie:

Threats to Ukraine’s health security

Health security is directly proportional to the sovereignty of the state and the abil lity to provide health services in its area. Conflicts and wars are inextricably linked to the spread of diseases and the deterioration of health security.
More than three years of conflict in Ukraine has contributed to the occurrence of many health security threats. These include, among others, impeded access to health services (closing at least 160 healthcare facilities) with an increased demand for such services, attacks on medical personnel, lack of access to basic medicines (including the lack of vaccines causing the loss of control over the occurrence of infectious diseases) and medical supplies, the inability of humanitarian aid to reach all the areas controlled by the insurgents.
Threats to Ukraine’s health security may have consequences in the form of cross-border threats to public health. They pose challenges faced by the World Health Organization, along with other specialized agencies of the United Nations and partners in providing humanitarian aid.

трансграничные угрозы для здравоохранения health security conflict in Ukraine cross-border health threats

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Author: Aliyev Shirinbey Hajiali Oghlu
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 45-56
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181703
PDF: npw/17/npw1703.pdf

Streszczenie:

Islam in North-Western Azerbaijan in the Early Medieval Ages

This article, which we would like to include in the scientific circulation, deals with the religious situation in the North-Western Azerbaijan in the early medieval ages and presents the stages of the spread of Islam in the conditions of the religious-ideological struggle in the region and its position.

Islam medieval ages North-Western Azerbaijan Sheki средневековые века

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Author: Sadir Mammadov
Institution: Baku Slavic University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 57-72
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181704
PDF: npw/17/npw1704.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Armenia – Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict and New Threats to the International Security Architecture in the Modern Period: Challenges and Responses

In the paper, we present new threats and dangers in the present international arena and their impact on the system of international security. We analyze the causes and development of these issues the international law system, paying particular attention to the case of Armenian-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflicts. We also discuss possible solutions to these problems proposed by experts. Some of the most interesting issues we address in the paper include the increasing activity of ISIL, cybercrimes, Ukraine crisis, immigration flow to Europe in recent years. All these problems are viewed from the multicultural perspective. We also analyze the genesis of ethnic conflicts, and put forward some recommendations for resolving them. We discuss the factors that led to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflicts, possible solutions to this problem, and a dangerous double standard policy. Terrorist threats, as well as “frozen” conflicts, resulted in the need for deepening interstate cooperation in the security sector.

этнические сепаратистские тенденции the UN Security Council the OSCE Minsk Group intensification of migrant problem of Europe ethnic separatist tendencies international security

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Author: Ksenia Kakareko
E-mail: ksenia.kakareko@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 73-98
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw20181705
PDF: npw/17/npw1705.pdf

Streszczenie:

Copyright law in the countries of Central Asia

The Berne Convention has not been ratified by the former Soviet Union. Far-reaching work to prepare the USSR for ratification of the Berne Convention was discontinued as a result of the break-up of this state. The Central Asian states acceded to the Berne Convention, independently of each other, after they had formally gained independence. The Commonwealth of Independent States to which the countries of Central Asia belong, has prepared rules for the creation of copyright laws for its members. The Eurasian Economic Union, which was established in 2015, is another international subject that influences the shape of copyright in the countries of Central Asia. The analysis of acts of copyright of the Central Asian states proves, firstly, that the laws of these states were modeled on the guidelines of the Commonwealth of Independent States, and secondly, it proves the high convergence of copyright laws. Differences, sometimes quite significant, reflect the cultural and social specificity of individual Central Asian republics.

авторское право protection of proprietary copyrights fair use Commonwealth of Independent States intellectual property Berne Convention copyright law Central Asia Eurasian Economic Union

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Author: Adam Paweł Olechowski
E-mail: adaole@wp.pl
Institution: Kolegium Jagiellońskie Toruńska Szkoła Wyższa
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 99-116
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181706
PDF: npw/17/npw1706.pdf

Streszczenie:

China’s soft power

The notion of soft power introduced by American political scientist J. S. Nye is becoming increasingly popular not only in science but also in journalism. In short, this term should be understood as the use of ideology, culture and diplomacy to build the international position of a given state. The masters in the application of soft power are generally considered Western states. However, it is forgotten that for many centuries before the West soft power to build its power was successfully used by China. Also today, rebuilding its international power, China is using soft power in its mastery of the world.

China soft power international relations diplomacy culture Китай мягкая сила

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Author: Joanna Dzwończyk
Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 117-131
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181707
PDF: npw/17/npw1707.pdf

Streszczenie:

The specificity of guanxi – positive or negative social capital?

The text presents the problem of a Chinese-specific phenomenon known as guanxi. Their features and their connection with Confucianism were discussed. They emphasized their permanence and continuous presence in Chinese society, emphasizing their evolution after China adopted the principles of market economy. Also tried to look at guanxi in terms of social capital, showing elements connecting both phenomena. It has been noted that some researchers have a tendency to perceive guanxi in terms of negative social capital. This approach was considered as unauthorized as a result of Western ethnocentrism and pointed to the need to respect the cultural distinctiveness of the East and West. It has also been pointed out, that the interest in China and the role that guanxi play, especially in the sphere of economy, may be due to fears of Chinese domination, as well as the lack of understanding by the West that effective modernization based on other patterns is possible than those preferred in the Euro-Atlantic cultural circle.

China guanxi social capital relations family society economy development Китай гуанси

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Author: Michał Dahl
E-mail: dahl.michal@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 135-141
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181708
PDF: npw/17/npw1708.pdf

Streszczenie:

Report from the series of meetings „Orient Express”, Toruń, 2017

Отчет о серии встреч «Ориент Экспресс», Торунь, 2017

REPORT

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Author: Kamila Rezmer
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 143-145
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181709
PDF: npw/17/npw1709.pdf

Streszczenie:

Report from the 5th International Asian Congress and the XII International Conference “The direction of Asia, diversity, dialogue on the 100th anniversary of Poland’s independence and Azerbaijan independence”, Toruń, Poland, 9–11 May 2018

Доклад 5-го Международного азиатского конгресса и XII Международной конференции «Направление Азии, разнообразие, диалог в связи со 100-летием независимости Польши и независимости Азербайджана», Торунь, Польша, 9–11 мая 2018 г.

REPORT

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