Author: Ryszard Balicki
E-mail: balicki@prawo.uni.wroc.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Pages: 11-22
DOI Number: 10.15804/ppk.2016.05.01
PDF: http://czasopisma.marszalek.com.pl/images/pliki /ppk/33/ppk3301.pdf

Streszczenie:

Geneza republikańskiej głowy państwa w Polsce

Artykuł przedstawia genezę republikańskiej głowy państwa w Polsce po I wojnie światowej (do uchwalenia Konstytucji marcowej). Był to szczególnie istotny moment, w którym dokonał się wybór formy ustrojowej odbudowywanego państwa polskiego. Autor zwraca uwagę na istotny związek dziejących się w czasie I wojny światowej wydarzeń historycznych, w tym zwłaszcza zmian ustrojowych zachodzących w państwach zaborczych na decyzję o wyborze republikańskiej drogi ustrojowej.

Genesis of the republican Head of the State in Poland

The article presents the genesis of the republican Head of State in Poland after the First World War (until the adoption of the March Constitution). It was a particularly im-
portant moment when the election of the form of government of the Polish State being rebuilt took place. The Author draws attention to the significant relationship between historical events taking place during the First World War, including especially political changes happening in the partitioning states influencing the decision for choosing the republican path.

II RP monarchia prezydent ustrój republika głowa państwa

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Author: Grzegorz Pastuszko
E-mail: grzegorz.pastuszko@op.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Pages: 23-38
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.05.02
PDF: ppk/33/ppk3302.pdf

Streszczenie:

The boundaries of regulative autonomy in the standing orders of Polish parliament

The main purpose of this article is an attempt to delineate boundaries, within which the lawmaker has got discretionary power to establish rules of the standing orders of the Sejm, the Senat and the National Assembly. As making reference point to the content of art. art. 61 ust. 4, art. 112, art. 114 ust. 2 i art. 123 ust. 2 of the constitution, the author demonstrates what is the impact of the surrounding legal environment on establishing that rules. Consequently, the following parts of this article present the interference of different normativeacts into internal parliamentary affairs, i.e. the constitution, bills, UE law acts, the European Convention on Human Rights and the standing orders of parliament. The key thesis of the article is based on convenience that the scope of regulative autonomy, laid down by the constitution, is the subject of further limitations and that the decisions of parliament in this area have to meet some external (imposed „from outside”) conditions.

regulamin parlamentu autonomia parlamentu

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Author: Joanna Juchniewicz
E-mail: asia.juchniewicz@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Pages: 39-52
DOI Number: 10.15804/ppk.2016.05.03
PDF: 33/ppk3303.pdf

Streszczenie:

Political responsibility of ministers – necessity or political rowdiness?

 

The institution of individual vote of no confidence is a part of the rationalized cabinet-parliamentary system adopted in Constitution of 1997. Its significance is associated with the ability to control the members of the government, and even to bring about the removal of a minister (or another member of the Council of Ministers), whose activities were negatively evaluated, from the office. In light of current constitutional regulationsit ought to be an institution used in special circumstances, because it interferes with the powers of the Prime Minister to form the personal composition of the Cabinet. Political practice shows, however, that the institution is often used for political purposes, aiming to destabilize the work of the government.

minister odpowiedzialność polityczna

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Author: Paweł Króliczek
E-mail: pawelkroliczek@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
Pages: 53-71
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.05.04
PDF: ppk/33/ppk3304.pdf

Streszczenie:

Election of Constitutional Judges. The comparative analysis of Polish regulation

The article focuses on whole scope of election of constitutional judges. Topic includes requirements which should be meet by member of Constitutional Tribunal in european legal culture as well as an comparative analysis of election by entitled authority. The most important reason of fundamental significance of this process is power of constitutional court, mainly review of conformity with the fundamental Law. That is why, entitlements to elect constitutional court justice is so relevant for political and of course legal system.

podział władz legitymizacja sędziowie sądu konstytucyjnego sąd konstytucyjny,

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Author: Monika Florczak-Wątor
E-mail: m.florczak-wator@uj.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 73-89
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.05.05
PDF: ppk/33/ppk3305.pdf

Streszczenie:

On some deficiencies regarding the mechanism of individual rights protection in the Constitutional Tribunal procedure

The article discusses some problems regarding the deficiencies of the mechanism of individual rights protection in the procedures before the Constitutional Tribunal. The particular attention is paid to the procedure initiated by a constitutional complaint. One of the essential deficiency of that procedure is its inability to change the legal situation of the constitutional complainant. He or she must initiate the next procedure to obtain the protection of his or her constitutional rights and freedoms. Therefore, according to the author of the article, the Constitutional Tribunal should have the competence to annula legally effective judgment of a court or a final administrative decision that is based on the unconstitutional normative provisions. In such a way the protection would be given to the constitutional complainant directly by the Constitutional Tribunal. The author of the article empathizes that the Tribunal is obligated not only to respect constitutional rights and freedoms of an individual but also to protect them.

ochrona praw i wolności jedności obowiązki ochronne państwa skarga konstytucyjna Trybunał Konstytucyjny

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Author: Artur Ławniczak
E-mail: lavka@prawo.uni.wroc.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Pages: 91-109
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.05.06
PDF: 33/ppk3306.pdf

Streszczenie:

The May Dawn namely rape on the domestic constitutionalism

Polish constitutionalism has sufficiently old tradition. In the material sense constitution means political system, so she is as old as our state. In the process of evolution in ourmonarchy appeared any important juridicial acts, which composed institutionalised part of native constitutionalism apart from fundamental for political regime customs. In 1767 these basic principles were published as Cardinal laws, which may be treated as original summit of lithuanian-polish constitutionalism. His end arrived in 1791 year, when in the name of progress was proclamed co called Constitution of Third May, which annihilated our original model of constitutional statehood.

tradycja konstytucjonalizm Rzeczpospolita

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Author: Halina Zięba-Załucka
E-mail: hzalucka@onet.eu
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 111-124
DOI Number: 10.15804/ppk.2016.05.07
PDF: ppk/33/ppk3307.pdf

Streszczenie:

The prosecution in the new Act of Parliament dated back to 2016

An experiment with the subjection of the prosecution to the executive. The article proves that the prosecution as an non-constitutional authority is subjected to political influences. The author presents the subordination of the prosecution in Poland and other European Union countries. The author indicates that the 2010 reform of the prosecution as well as the disengagement of the Attorney General and Minister of Justice offices has not produced the expected results, since the reform of the prosecution has not been completed. The reform not only failed to strengthened the position of the Attorney General but it has weakened one’s prerogatives. The aforementioned Act of Parliament brought many of the provisions, which on one hand are a contribution to the independence of the prosecutor’s office, and on the other hand, are a tool of control over the prosecution (article 10e and 10f), making the prosecution’s independence illusory. Therefore, according to the author, the new regulations should be given a chance, despite concerns. The aim of the implementation the 2016 Act of Parliament is to provide recovery of strong position by the Attorney General against both the subordinate prosecutors, as well as external bodies.

niezależność prokuratury władza wykonawcza prokurator generalny minister sprawiedliwości konstytucja

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Author: Mikołaj Rychlik
E-mail: mikolajrychlik@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 125-139
DOI Number: 10.15804/ppk.2016.05.08
PDF: ppk/33/ppk3308.pdf

Streszczenie:

Dąbrowski’s Mazurka as the Polish national anthem – the historical and legal aspect

The aim of the author of this article is to analyse, how the legal regulations concerning the issue of national anthem had been formed, particularly in the view of the period from 1918 to 1997. The following hypothesis was verified: the regulation of this matter had been effectuated – despite the changes of political situation and a long time horizon – evolutionarily and the whole process can be separated in distinctive stages. In order to examine the thesis, the legal solutions have been analysed, thanks to which a specific musical work, being one of many Polish national songs – Dąbrowski’s Mazurka – became the Polish national anthem. The examination has been made against the background of the historical process that includes time from creation of the work, with a special regard to the periods of revival of Polish sovereignty and taking the most important legal regulations concerning national symbols. This process has been divided – apart from the historical splitting into spans strictly connected with the geopolitical situation of Poland – into stages that are crucial, considering the manner, how the case of a national anthem was regulated. Thus, the following stages of forming such regulations have been presented: from the state of legal indifference, throughout existing of frame- works of legal regulations, till the state of full regulation.

hymn państwowy Mazurek Dąbrowskiego konstytucja

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Author: Beata Stępień-Załucka
E-mail: beata@kancelariaprawna.rzeszow.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Source: Show
Pages: 161-162
DOI Number: DOI 10.15804/ppk.2016.05.09
PDF: ppk/33/ppk3309.pdf

Streszczenie:

Modern professional sport involves significant financial outlay. Hence assistance from the State in this area is extremely important. Part of it is an athletic scholarship. Nevertheless the legislative, acting on the basis of the article 11 section 2 point 4 of the Law on the sport and amendment to the law on sport legislator changes the status of Polish non-Olympic sports associations and thereby deprive the right to grant entitled to it. Thus ignoring their acquired rights. This statement is designed to bring legislative deficiencies in this regard.

stypendia sportowe prawa nabyte prawo sportowe

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Author: Katarzyna Tomaszewska
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Pages: 163-180
DOI Number: DOI 10.15804/ppk.2016.05.10
PDF: ppk/33/ppk3311.pdf

Streszczenie:

Access to public information is a prerequisite for the existence of civil society and the premise of the existence of a democratic state of law. As one of the forms of social control performed by entities interested in information, it constitutes a category serving to pro- tect the legal interest of the individual. The subject of this control is the proper func- tioning of public authority entities and implementation of tasks aimed at satisfying the collective needs of citizens resulting from the coexistence of people in society. What is important in the context of widely understood notion of public affairs also includes the category of data on existing law, that is the content yet not in force and applicable legal regulations. A detailed indication of the legal basis, the permissible forms and methods of making information public is the subject of this paper.

dostęp informacja publiczna ogłaszanie akty normatywne

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