Author: Agnieszka Gajda
E-mail: gajda_a@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
Source: Show
Pages: 11-28
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2017.02.01
PDF: ppk/36/ppk3601.pdf

Streszczenie:

The main purpose of this paper is to present the important aspects of management control over polish common courts. This type of control has been introduced by the Act on common courts system as a kind of administrative supervision over common courts and has been entrusted to the Minister of Justice. The Author of this paper deliberates what the management control is and what the character and duties of the director of a common court are in this process. The Author also describes differences in legal nature between the notice of the Minister of Justice, and the notice of the Minister of Finance. They both are issued in the process of management control, but their actual impact on common courts is different.

kontrola zarządcza komunikat Ministra Sprawiedliwości dyrektor sądu nadzór administracyjny Ministra Sprawiedliwości sądy powszechne

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Author: Marcin Dąbrowski
E-mail: m_dabrowski@wp.eu
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Source: Show
Pages: 29-54
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2017.02.02
PDF: ppk/36/ppk3602.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article consists of few parts. At the beginning, the author discusses a definition of interpretative verdicts and a history of the dispute between The Supreme Court and the Constitutional Tribunal over this kind of judgments. The author doesn’t present arguments that are described in literature but climes that the dispute concernes three problems: legality of interpretative verdicts, their binding force and interpretative verdicts as a base for reopening proceedings. In the second part, two arguments against delivering interpretative verdicts are formed. The author claims that the Constitutional Tribunal should limit a number of such judgments because there is no legal ground for interpretative verdicts in the Constitution and because they abridge independence of judges of the Supreme Court and other courts. In the last part of the article, the author describes a genetic cause of the litigation between the Tribunal and courts. It is claimed that the dispute has been generated by dissentions between methods of interpretation of legal acts used by the Tribunal and the Supreme Court. The Tribunal takes advantage of the method of derivation and the Supreme Court usually uses the method of clarification. These methods are in contrary to each other and because of this they are the base of the dispute.

koncepcje wykładni prawa wykładnia prawa wyroki interpretacyjne spór Sąd Najwyższy Trybunał Konstytucyjny

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Source: Show
Pages: 3-8
PDF: ppk/36/ppk36toc.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Przemysław Mijal
E-mail: prze-mek@mijal.pl
Institution: Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Szczecin
Source: Show
Pages: 55-66
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2017.02.03
PDF: ppk/36/ppk3603.pdf

Streszczenie:

The institution of amicus curiae, commonly found in common law systems, has not yet reached a comprehensive analysis in Polish law. Despite the existing and slowly developing practice of bringing a court friend’s opinion within the Polish procedural rules, it is impossible to find expressis verbis regulations for the amicus curiae institution. This points to the need to undertake a scientific discourse on this subject, in particular its location among the applicable rules relating to the procedure before courts and tribunals. The study of the subject of the search for legal connotations aimed at reconstructing the characteristics of the amicus curiae is part of this study. The author’s intention is to define the position of a “friend of the court” in proceedings before the Constitutional Tribunal, the criteria for admission to the case and the determination of his or her legal position and the scope of entitlements.

opinia amicus curiae opinia przyjaciela sądu postępowanie przed Trybunałem Konstytucyjnym wpływ opinii amicus curiae na orzecznictwo udział organizacji pozarządowych w postępowaniu przed Trybunałem Konstytucyjnym

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Author: Artur Ławniczak
E-mail: lavka@prawo.uni.wroc.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Source: Show
Pages: 67-84
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2017.02.04
PDF: ppk/36/ppk3604.pdf

Streszczenie:

The problem of the position of judicature in the structures of state power and justiciary’s identity is important. Judicial power generally is less inclined for changes than the rest of state’s machinery. In the effect it’s possible the appearance of impression of its axiologic and historiozofic preponderance over more connected with Time’s Spirit legislative and executive. So arises the temptation for strengthening of Third Power as more resistant for errors and distortions. However, it is probably an illusion, because justiciary is too strongly connected with statehood, so the hope for resistance of many good ancient values in the corp of judiciary is deceptive.

demokracja judykatura nomokracja

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Author: Jakub Grzegorz Firlus
E-mail: jakub.firlus@uj.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Author: Natalie Fox
E-mail: natalie.fox@uj.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Source: Show
Pages: 85-105
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2017.02.05
PDF: ppk/36/ppk3605.pdf

Streszczenie:

Efficiency as well as efficacy of courts proceedings seems to be vital factor for both society and economic growth. However, legal infrastructure and two-instance proceedings cause backlogs. This is to say lack of court efficiency is to some extend related to the shape of legal remedies; yet constitutional pedigree of given principles consequently broadens the scope of further modifications. Therefore, lawmakers are searching for optimal model of two-instance proceedings. Within wide spectrum of given solutions one will be the subject of this paper i.e. so-called “flattening” of court instance. Especially, authors tried to determine whether modifications of court instance are proper remedy for achieving lesser caseload.

postępowanie administracyjne postępowanie sądowoadministracyjne środek prawny instancja szybkość postępowania

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Author: Dominika Tykwińska-Rutkowska
E-mail: tykwinska@prawo.ug.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
Source: Show
Pages: 107-131
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2017.02.06
PDF: ppk/36/ppk3606.pdf

Streszczenie:

The main purpose of this article is to present some of the formalized instruments of judicial interpretation of administrative law by administrative courts. There are no doubts that administrative courts take part in the process of interpretation of administrative law by using different means. The most popular instrument is a court judgment – court interprets law for the purpose of issuing a decision. The administrative courts’ participation in the interpretation of law should be also linked to the Supreme Administrative Court’s resolutions. No matter which of the described formalized instruments of the interpretation of law is used by administrative courts, the outcome of the interpretation process contributes to the development of non-codified administrative law and its science.

wskazania co do dalszego postępowania ocena prawna uchwały NSA wyroki sądów administracyjnych sformalizowane instrumenty wykładni prawa wykładnia prawa administracyjnego wykładnia prawa

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Author: Małgorzata Grzesik-Kulesza
E-mail: malgorzata.g.k@gazeta.pl
Institution: University of Rzeszow
Source: Show
Pages: 133-143
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2017.02.07
PDF: ppk/36/ppk3607.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Bank of Poland was established for the first time as an independent public institution by the royal order from 1828. The main task of the newly established institution was to meet the public debt and the expansion of trade, money lending and national industry. The rules concerning the functioning and activities of the bank emphasized a close relationship of the Bank with the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Treasury and Revenue ensuring the independence and integrity of its members – which accounted for innovative legal solutions pointing to the need of protecting the institution from the influence on the part of external entities. In the sphere of the state treasury service, the Bank of Poland played an important role in the years 1828–1885, although in the last 15 years its role in the functioning of the national economy was negligible.

The Polish Bank the public debt treasury state economy

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