Author: Adriana Ciancio
E-mail: aciancio@lex.unict.it.
Institution: University of Catania
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 13-34
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.01
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3401.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper stresses the need to reform the European Central Bank with the aim to strengthen the democratic legitimation of this institution within the particular EU governance system. Indeed, the study argues for more accountability of the ECB before the citizens without giving up independence. The analysis (also conducted from a comparative-law point of view) shows that the objective can be assured fostering a stronger involvement of the Parliament firstly in the procedure for the appointment of the Members of the ECB’s Executive Committee, within a wider reform of the whole EU institutional setup and of the Eurozone’s organization in particular.

demokratyczna kontrola bank demokracja technokracja euro,

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Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
E-mail: kawadj@box43.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 35-57
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.02
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3402.pdf

Streszczenie:

Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie systemu organów państwowych w Republice Uzbekistanu, ukształtowanego zgodnie z przepisami obowiązującego prawa gruntownie znowelizowanego w 2014 r. Postaram się również odpowiedzieć na pytanie, czy wdrażane reformy o charakterze instytucjonalnym oznacza wprowadzenie demokratycznej formy rządów.

system wyborczy Republika Uzbekistanu system organów państwowych prezydent konstytucja

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Author: Radosław Grabowski
E-mail: drgrabowski@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Author: Ivan Halász
E-mail: halivan@freemail.hu
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Opawie
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 59-78
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.03
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3403.pdf

Streszczenie:

Hungarian constitutional system has a number of characteristics, including division of power. This is a result atypical evolution of the political system in Hungary after 1989. Most of the countries of Central and Eastern made a thorough reconstruction of the political system in the nineties of the twentieth century, many constitutions were adopted in 1991–1994. Otherwise had done Hungarians, making a 1989 amendment to the Constitution of 1949. and the adoption of a new constitution putting off indefinitely. Completely new Fundamental Law was adopted only in 2011., in force since 1 January 2012. It introduced in the Hungarian constitutional system significant changes, modifying the way the principle the division of powers. The changes seem to be rational, and therefore to be expected that the Hungarian model finds followers.

rząd, konstytucja Węgry, parlament podział władzy prezydent sądownictwo

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Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
E-mail: m.dankowski@vp.pl
Institution: University of Gdańsk
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 80-93
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.04
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3404.pdf

Streszczenie:

A several years ago the Argentinean legal doctrine has developed a characteristic concepts to defer the autonomies of its provinces with the status of Buenos Aires City. It is considered that provinces have an originative autonomy, while Buenos Aires City a derived autonomy. The difference is related to the origin of both autonomies. It also entail the power limits of both autonomous authorities. The borders of the power of the provinces are wider than of the capital city, however its autonomy is also wide enough, more than in any other capital in Latin America. As a result of 1994 amendment of Argentin-ean Constitution, Buenos Aires City has obtained autonomy and a unique status among Argentinean administrative entities

autonomia

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Author: Krzysztof Urbaniak
E-mail: krzysztof_urbaniak@wp.pl.
Institution: Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 95-113
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.05
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3405.pdf

Streszczenie:

The European Parliament is the only parliamentary assembly of supranational character in the world, which is not composed of members of national parliaments but elected by direct suffrage. When in 1976 the Council of Ministers of the European Community decided to introduce direct universal suffrage, the elaboration of a uniform electoral procedure common to all Member States was expected to happen in the near future. Until the act was ready Member States could apply their own electoral procedures, whereas the community law regulated only essential matters, necessary to hold the elections in the Community. Obstacles which contributed to problems with the establishment of a uniform electoral system for elections to the European Parliament in the entire European Union led to the adoption of “common principles” of the European Parliament electoral procedures in 2002. Since 2002 several proposals for the modification of the electoral law have been made in each term of the European Parliament, aiming at its harmonisation. The aim of the article is to evaluate whether currently it is possible to mod- ify the election system to the European Parliament, which would go further than the provisions of 2002 and whether it would improve the uniformity of applied electoral procedures.

harmonizacja zasady wspólne prawo wyborcze wybory do Parlamentu Europejskiego

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Author: Robert Radek
E-mail: robert.radek@us.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 115-131
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.06
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3406.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article is devoted to the characteristics of the minority cabinet in the Scandinavian political systems and especially in Norway and its influence on political regime. Some interesting aspects has been chosen to illustrate the problem of minority government in Norway. Author explains normative and non-normative systemic factors that influenced the formation of the government cabinets without a sufficient majority in the parliament. The main thesis is that creation of minority governments is closely associated with the evolution of the party system and can be understood as a norm of political life in Scandinavia.

partia polityczna gabinet mniejszościowy skandynawskie systemy parlamentarne Norwegia władza wykonawcza system rządów

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Author: Ilton Robl Filho
Institution: Federal University of Paraná
Author: Ingo Wolfgang Sarlet
Institution: Federal University of Paraná
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 133-163
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.07
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3407.pdf

Streszczenie:

The fundamental right to freedom of speech is a central element of the rule of law in a democratic state that constantly collides with other fundamental rights. Both in court decisions and in legal literature there is a significant discussion on the limits of the freedom of speech, mainly concerning its collision with other fundamental rights, particularly personality rights. This debate has become very strong in Brazilian constitutional case law, mainly in the Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal), but also in other constitutional systems and even in the domain of international law. Based on the decisions of the Brazilian Supreme Court and those of the US Supreme Court and the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, this paper aims to discuss some criteria that may guide Courts when balancing freedom of speech and other fundamental rights.

równoważenie kolizja prawa podstawowe wolności słowa demokratyczne państwo prawa Balancing Collision Democratic Rule of Law Fundamental Rights freedom of speech

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Author: Viktoriya Serzhanova
E-mail: viktoria@ur.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 165-183
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.08
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3408.pdf

Streszczenie:

The legal status of the independent Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, which in 1990 seceded from Moldavia being then a part of the USSR, still remains unclear. Although over a quarter of the century has passed since its creation, it is still a de facto state, for it has not been recognized by the international community. In the lights of the international law Transnistria is treated as a Moldavian autonomous region of a special status. The hereby paper is the next publication out of the series, undertaken within the wider research over Transnistria’s legal status. It comprises the fragmentary results of the further research phase, which aims at analysing its binding basic law and the assumptions of its constitution- al system. The subject of the work is the shape and content of the independent Transnistria’s constitution of 1995, which has been revised several times and is still in force. The results of this research contributes to more precise determination of the region’s legal status.

podstawowe prawa i wolności naczelne zasady konstytucyjne forma rządu ustrój polityczny obowiązująca Konstytucja Naddniestrzańskiej Re- publiki Mołdawskiej system organów państwowych Ustawa Zasadnicza

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Author: Krzysztof Łokucijewski
E-mail: big.sur@gazeta.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 185-204
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.09
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3409.pdf

Streszczenie:

go państwa. Po ponad 40 latach członkostwa w instytucjach integracji europejskiej Brytania rozpoczyna zupełnie nowy rozdział zarówno w relacjach ze swoimi europejskimi partnerami, jak też w kształtowaniu własnego porządku prawnego. Artykuł przedstawia kontekst historyczny oraz uwarunkowania polityczno-prawne, które sprawiły, że drugie referendum unijne przyniosło zupełnie inny wynik niż to pierwsze, z 1975 r. Dynamika procesów integracji europejskiej miała kluczowy wpływ na wydarzenia na scenie politycznej Zjednoczonego Królestwa, a te z kolei generowały określone zmiany w systemie ustrojowo-prawnym. Omówione zostały pokrótce przekształcenia legislacyjne, które warunkowały przeprowadzenie obu referendów, kampanie referendalne i towarzyszące im debaty oraz implikacje konstytucyjne wynikające ze specyfiki brytyjskiego ustroju.

brytyjska konstytucja parlament i rząd Wielka Brytania konstytucja Brexit Unia Europejska referendum

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Author: Marieta Czekałowska
E-mail: marietacz@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 205-222
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.10
PDF: ppk/34/ppk3410.pdf

Streszczenie:

The aim of this article is to present regulations connected with environmental protection on examples three constitutions: Kingdom of Spain, Republic of India and Republic of the South Africa. The aspect of this research is to analyze abovementioned regulations in the context of duties connecting with environmental protection. It is also significant aspect indicated the possibility of constitute the subjective rights to the use of environment and asserting rights directly from culprit pollution in horizontal activity. In this article, considering derives from editorial construction and taxonomy discussing provisions contained in above basic laws. Furthermore, on selected examples from judicature and doctrine had been presented a stance in order to define, which of these constitutional regulations are obliged to protect rights’ properly in cases of environmental protection.

horyzontalne działanie praw jednostki prawo podmiotowe ochrona środowiska Konstytucja Hiszpanii konstytucja

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