Author: Agnieszka Bień-Kacała
E-mail: abien@law.umk.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Source: Show
Pages: 11-28
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.01
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2401.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper considers the constitutional recognition of security. It includes the basic regulations of the 1997 Constitution. The aim was also to make an initial assessment of the security research results in the doctrine of constitutional law. In conclusion of the article, the need for a new category of security reference was pointed out. The reference does not consist in the state itself, or a citizen, but the Republic of Poland perceived as a common good.

bezpieczeństwo bezpieczeństwo państwa bezpieczeństwo obywateli bezpieczeństwo RP bezpieczeństwo wewnętrzne bezpieczeństwo zewnętrzne

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Agnieszka Gajda
E-mail: gajda_a@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
Source: Show
Pages: 29-48
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.02
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2402.pdf

Streszczenie:

In this article the author considers surprising legal reasons of administrative decisions on denial of public gatherings. All of them were issued on the ground of public security exception, between 2010 and 2014. Author divided analysed decisions on five basic groups: 1) where denial was issued on the ground of lapse of time prescribed for notification of the gathering, what rendered impossible for the authorities to provide appropriate safety measures; 2) where there was a risk that the gathering will not take a peaceful course; 3) where there was a collision regarding the time, and place with another gathering which was notified earlier; 4) where threat to road traffic safety, and 5) where it constituted an offence penalised under art 90 or 86 of polish code of offence.

wolność zgromadzeń zgromadzenia publiczne ograniczenia konstytucyjnych praw i wolności

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Tomasz Kacała
E-mail: tomasz1975@yahoo.com
Institution:  Centrum Doktryn i Szkolenia Sił Zbrojnych RP w Bydgoszczy
Source: Show
Pages: 49-65
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.03
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2403.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper presents the role played by disinformation and propaganda in shaping state security. Common understanding of the terms is characterized by value judgment and differs from the one included in the subject matter literature. Both disinformation and propaganda are not newly implemented activities but they accompany the society from its beginning. Their usefulness during war has been proved by numerous historical examples. Development of disinformation and propaganda is connected with development of mass communication technology. Special meaning of the mentioned communication activities was confirmed during development of crisis situation in Ukraine in 2014. There are potential threats posed to Republic of Poland as a result of Polish involvement in democratization of Central and Eastern Europe. They include, inter alia, disinformation and propaganda. The way of eliminating the effects of disinformation and propaganda is understanding their mechanisms.

dezinformacja dywersja kryzys bezpieczeństwo komunikacja społeczna środki masowej komunikacji

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Marcin Dąbrowski
E-mail: m_dabrowski@wp.eu
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Source: Show
Pages: 67-86
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.04
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2404.pdf

Streszczenie:

Regulations of Constitutional, international and European law provide that torturing of human being if fully prohibited. There is no any reason that could justify such an act. The author of the article analyzes a problem if it is possible to legalize torture of a terrorist to achieve information which are necessary to avoid a threat caused by this offender. In this situation – torture is the only way to get knowledge about a prepared act of terror. The author claims that provisions of Polish Constitution generally prohibit the use of torture However, the Constitution permits to establish legal exceptions to this restriction. The 31th article of the Constitution provides that each Constitutional right or freedom may be limited by a statute when it is necessary in a democratic state for the protection of its security or public order. The author also finds, that International Agreements binding upon Poland absolutely prohibit to use torture against terrorists. Treaties don’t include any provisions that would legalize any exceptions to this rule. The Republic of Poland is supposed to respect international law binding upon it. Summing up, organs of authority of the Republic cannot be authorized to use torture against any offender in any situation. Especially the Parliament mustn’t establish any law act that allows to torture a human being because it leads to a violation of binding international treaties.

terroryzm walka z terroryzmem tortury konstytucyjne prawa i wolności scenariusz tykającej bomby ochrona jednostki i państwa zakaz stosowania tortur legalizacja stosowania tortur Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Michał Szewczyk
E-mail: szewczyk_michal@o2.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Source: Show
Pages: 87-109
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.05
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2405.pdf

Streszczenie:

The objective of this paper is to analyse normative grounds for the president’s exercise of command over the Polish Armed Forces during a war. As a result of his research conducted, the author states that significance of the head of the state as regards military affairs in the period of war is subject to visible formal enhancement as compared to the period of peace. This is mainly due to the direct method of fulfilment of the president’s functions under Article 134, par. 1 of the Constitution and the president’s power to appoint the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, who reports directly to the president. However, effective exercise of the president’s command over the army during a war may prove difficult. The reasons for this may be, among others, problems in determining, whether there is a period of war in the territory of the Republic of Poland, it is necessary to act jointly and cooperate with the Prime Minister or there are no legal provisions relating to functions of the state during a war, including, supervision over defense of the state. Additionally, the author indicates to some legal gaps relating to the institution of Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, as a result of which the current normative status of the subject issue has to be evaluated as very poor.

prezydent Naczelny Dowódca Sił Zbrojnych zwierzchnictwo nad Siłami Zbrojnymi czas wojny

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Joanna Juchniewicz
E-mail: asia.juchniewicz@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Source: Show
Pages: 111-127
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.06
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2406.pdf

Streszczenie:

National Security Council is an advisory body to the President of Poland on issues relating to internal and external security of the country. This body is not equipped with any powers of a governing nature, its role is focused on advising the President on matters of national security. The Constitution does not specify who may be a member of the Council, leaving decisions on the composition of RBN to sole discretion of the head of state. The actual role of the National Security Council is determined by the activity of the President, who convenes sessions of that body, and also sets themes for such meetings.

prezydent bezpieczeństwo państwa

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Krzysztof Krysieniel
E-mail: zabakrycha@op.pl
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Bankowa w Poznaniu
Source: Show
Pages: 129-148
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.07
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2407.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article is an attempt to present and analyze the legal basis of the security system in Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are presented both its origin and subsequent evolution, which was mostly shaped by a direct pressure from the representatives of the international community. The article describes the roles played by the various organs of state power, with particular emphasis on the three-person Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Council of Ministers and the Parliament. Moreover, there is a description of the legal framework for functioning of the military and selected police forces.

system bezpieczeństwa prawne podstawy Bośnia i Hercegowina

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Wojciech Włoch
E-mail: wloch.wojciech@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Source: Show
Pages: 149-178
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.08
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2408.pdf

Streszczenie:

The subject matter of the article revolves around two classical models of relationship between freedom and security contained in the theories formulated by T. Hobbes and J. Locke, as well as their conceptual development in the theories by H. Kelsen and J. Rawls. The model presented by Hobbes accentuates the primacy of security, whereas the one proposed by Locke, the primacy of the rights of an individual. A critical analysis of those models illustrates that one may not interpret the necessity of existence of a political power, or the requirement to guarantee the rights of individuals in an absolutist way. The validity of Hobbes’s model is limited to the statement regarding the necessity to establish a „decision-centre” ensuring „collective security”. Locke’s model, on the other hand, is not established upon the construction of an „ideal constitution” but rather it points to democratic forms of guarantying individual rights. This does not mean that one should acknowledge the absolute primacy of legislature. In both the theories proposed by Kelsen and Rawls this function may be fulfilled by constitutional judicature. While the model established by Hobbes is appropriate for the descriptive conceptualisation of constitution, the one offered by Locke serves the prescriptive formulation of this concept.

Hobbes Locke Kelsen Rawls wolność władza nieograniczona gwarancje konstytucyjne pojęcie konstytucji

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Maria Anna Kulikowska
E-mail: maria.kulikowska@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Source: Show
Pages: 179-194
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.02.09
PDF: ppk/24/ppk2409.pdf

Streszczenie:

This article describes the problem of the presence of the crucifix in the Italian public space. At the beginning the author discussed the issue of the presence of crucifixes in public schools. The starting points are historical – legal issues and the Lautsi v. Italy case brought before the European Court of Human Rights. Than the author presents the problems concerning the presence of crucifixes in polling stations in respect of election judges and the voters themselves. The last part is dedicated to Judge Luigi Tosti, who objected to the presence of crucifixes in Italian courtrooms. The aim of the research of the author was to prove that, with respect to the problem of exposure of the crucifix in public places in Italy, there is a disagreement, which leads to an uneven line of jurisprudence. There are formed two views: a group of supporters and opponents of the presence of the crucifix in public space. The author used the historical – descriptive, formal – dogmatic and contextual methods.

krzyż łaciński Konstytucja Republiki Włoskiej symbole religijne

Kontynuuj czytanie

  • 1
  • 2

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart

Korzystając z naszej strony, wyrażasz zgodę na wykorzystywanie przez nas plików cookies . Zaktualizowaliśmy naszą politykę przetwarzania danych osobowych (RODO). Więcej o samym RODO dowiesz się tutaj.