Author: Katarzyna Tomaszewska
E-mail: k.tomaszewska@prawo.uni.wroc.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Source: Show
Pages: 15-49
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.01
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2501.pdf

Streszczenie:

The openness of public life is an event of the so called new time. It is a value that is evaluated positiv because by guaranteeing the access to the information about so called public affairs creates a possibility of the social control and by the same time an active function of the individual in the state with a democratic system. One of his elements is the possibility of gaining information via measures of public subjects that are called subjects that are obliged to give information. In view of the wide approach of the notion public information guaranteed by the legislator such information are also judgments of judiciary organs. In the Polish law order there are various forms of granting of the court judgments. One of the solutions is the granting according to the act of law dated 6. September 2001 about public information. This work shall evaluate that process of the granting and confrontation with other forms of the openness implementation of the court judgments.

orzecznictwo prawo do informacji zasada jawności dostęp do informacji publicznej wymiar sprawiedliwości

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Author: Paweł Sadowski
E-mail: pawel.sadowski@umcs. lublin.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
Source: Show
Pages: 51-66
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.02
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2502.pdf

Streszczenie:

In accordance with the regulations the Constitution of the Polish Republic Constitutional Court of Justice controls concordances with law of principle of constitutional sources of law: bills, international treaties and regulations given by central State-organs. Results of opinions of Court of Justice determine the extremely important problem from the point of view of the practice of the application of the law. In the face appearing cases of resolving by Parliament of legal provisions in the sound which previously was questioned by Court of Justice, the special meaning gathers the matter of unconstitutional of secondary in the sphere of the administrative law. The article is a test of defining of this occurrence and the performance of attentions effluent from the current jurisdiction and the practice.

postępowanie administracyjne kontrola konstytucyjności prawa niekonstytucyjność

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Author: Katarzyna Kos
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Source: Show
Pages: 67-90
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.03
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2503.pdf

Streszczenie:

According to Article 190 para. 1 of the Constitution, Constitutional Tribunal has competences to derogate unconstitutional norms, therefore, to interfere in the legal system directly. However, there can be specified some exceptions to this basic result of Constitutional Court’s judgments. The article indicates that Polish constitutional court has instruments which enable to avoid derogating unconstitutional norms. It is worth underlining, that it is always Constitutional Tribunal’s decision to apply any of them. Especially, it doesn’t depend on petitum of pleading or procedures. In the article, it was taken into consideration: an adjournment of the date of the loss of unconstitutional provision’s binding force, a judgment concerning legislative omission, an affirmative interpretative judgment and a signaling. Their analysis is based on criterion of legal basis, aim and result of their application. It is described influence of these instruments on the legal system and, on the other hand, their significances for the authorities applying the law.

Trybunał Konstytucyjny derogacja pominięcie ustawodawcze klauzula odraczająca sygnalizacja wyrok interpretacyjny

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Author: Michał Klimkowski
E-mail: mgk7@o2.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
Source: Show
Pages: 91-105
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.04
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2504.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper is an attempt to show regulations on the principle of subsidiarity, enclosed in Polish Constitution and other legal acts. Polish legislation is familiar with the concept of subsidiarity, it is included in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. This provision was intended to emphasize its importance for the implementation of civil rights. It was considered that subsidiarity is important for strengthening the powers of citizens and communities they create. It is present to protect their rights, as well as any action taken by manifestations of civic activity in associations. This imposes an obligation on the legislature for an appropriate division of roles, in carrying out tasks of the local public administration. Applying the method of the institutional and legal analysis, demonstrated the presence and development of subsidiarity in the legislation. Analyzed materials also show the gradual, yet slow development of the principle of subsidiarity in Polish legislation. Its basis can be found in the constitutional law, which is the determinant of the direction of its development. The Constitutional Tribunal is also affecting subsidiarity by its decisions. The first part is a review of the principle of subsidiarity in Polish Constitution. It also expresses the impact of principle on the Republic of Poland. The second part concerns the principle of subsidiarity in the ordinary law. It shows how the principle is being developed since the late 80’s. The last part is an attempt to reveal the implementation of subsidiarity in activities of local governments. It focuses on how subsidiarity can provide the right to operate freely and retain autonomy of actions.

Trybunał Konstytucyjny prawo konstytucyjne zasada pomocniczości polska konstytucja

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Author: Krzysztof Sidorkiewicz
E-mail: sidorkiewicz@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Source: Show
Pages: 107-126
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.05
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2505.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article deals with the issues of the elections to the European Parliament (EP) in Lithuania, which took place in may 2014 year. Author’s research interest is the Polish minority in Lithuania, the largest ethnic group after the Lithuanians in the country. For many years, the representatives of the Polish minority were actively involved in different types of elections. At first by the Union of Poles in Lithuania (ZPL), and then by the Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania (AWPL). The aim of the paper was to analyze the results of elections in Lithuania, with particular focus on the Vilnius region and AWPL participation. The main research material were the results of the elections presented by the Main Election Commission in Lithuania as well as documents related to the topic.

wybory Parlament Europejski mniejszość polska na Litwie

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Author: Klaudia Wolniaczyk
E-mail: klaudia.wolniaczyk@gmail.com
Institution: Polska Akademia Nauk w Warszawie
Source: Show
Pages: 127-147
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.06
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2506.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article focused on the roots of independence aspirations in Scotland and analyzed referendum in Scotland marked 18. September 2014; also described devolution carried out in 1998; analyzed not only the results of the referendum (by age and region of Scotland), but also the reactions of the UK and the rest of the world; described the referendums in the world after the World War II as well as plans for the future of Scotland.

referendum Szkocja wyniki konsekwencje Zjednoczone Królestwo Wielkiej Brytanii i Irlandii Północnej dewolucja analiza

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Author: Andrzej Pogłódek
E-mail: andrzejpoglodek@interia.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Source: Show
Pages: 149-162
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.07
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2507.pdf

Streszczenie:

The institution of Ombudsman originated in Scandinavia. The spread of the institution – which is now a solution typical of democratic countries – took place at the end of the twentieth century. At that time the institution has been widely welcome in the former socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In Latvia, it is not a constitutional body. Latvian Ombudsman acts on the basis of the Act of 2006, its predecessor was the National Bureau of Human Rights. Latvian legislator in a manner appropriate to democratic standards specify the position of Ombudsman of the political system and created him an opportunity to actually carry out the tasks assigned to it. Unfortunately, the practical effects of the activities of the Ombudsman leave much to be desired.

Łotwa ombudsman prawa człowieka konstytucjonalizm

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Author: Paweł Winiarski
E-mail: pawwin@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Source: Show
Pages: 163-182
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.08
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2508.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this publication was to present the issues of the efficiency of judicial proceeding as a part of the constitutional law to the court. Considerations begin from the presentation of how the doctrine of Polish law generally understand directive of the fast procedure. Next part of the text is a discussion of the regulations contained in international law, with particular regard to the European Convention on Human Rights, which formed the basis of the provisions enshrined in Art. 45 ust. 1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland which contains the rule of law to the court. Then was presented the convergence of positions as to the interpretation of the provisions and their correct application by the authorities of the European Convention on Human Rights and the Constitutional Court.

sprawność postępowanie rozsądny termin

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Author: Filip Radoniewicz
E-mail: f_rn@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
Source: Show
Pages: 183-205
DOI Address: 10.15804/ppk.2015.03.09
PDF: ppk/25/ppk2509.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this paper is the presentation of issues connected with the implementation of framework decisions regarding substantive criminal law into the Polish legal order. The paper is composed of two basic parts. In the introduction is described the most significant legal instrument of the III pillar, implementing the harmonisation of the criminal law of the member states, that is the framework decisions. In the main part are presented examples of the implementation of chosen framework decisions in Polish law – the Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA on combating terrorism and the Framework Decision 2005/222/ JHA on attacks on against information systems. Certainly the choice is not casual. The author endeavours to present two extreme models of implementing of framework decisions: a method of implementation consisting in transfer of legal rules, with the aim of inserting created norms into the Polish legal order and the contrary one of rewriting the content of the implemented framework decision without any reflection.

Unia Europejska decyzje ramowe przestępstwa terrorystyczne systemy informatyczne

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