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Author: Grażyna Strnad
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland)
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 204-225
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010011
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010011.pdf

Streszczenie:

The inauguration of Roh Tae Woo as president of the Sixth Republic of Korea in February 1988 can be considered as a turning point in South Korean political history. The five years of the Roh Tae Woo administration, 1988–1993, contained many of the fi rst steps, albeit sometimes transitionally imperfect, toward democracy and an ultimate return to civilian rule of law, as well as greater political freedoms. According to Samuel P. Huntington, the Korean form of democratization was an example of transplacement, in which the government made concessions and opposition political groups accepted it to avoid mutual catastrophe. Furthermore, a case can be made for the mode of democratic transition in South Korea also being like Donald Share’s transition through transaction, Terry Lynn Karl and Philippe C. Schmitter’s transition by pact, and Adam Przeworki’s democracy with guarantees.

political history South Korean democracy

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Author: Marceli Burdelski
Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 226-240
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010012
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010012.pdf

Streszczenie:

The sixtieth anniversary of entering into diplomatic relations between Republic of Poland and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea inclines to draw up a balance sheet. Korea is located far away from Poland, in a very different civilization circle, the neo-Confucian one. It has 5 thousand years of history; the legendary Tangun in a year 2333 B.C. has founded the first Korean state Kodzoson. The history is generally difficult, numerous invasions of grand neighbors (China, Japan). The Korean chronicle compared Korea to a prawn swimming in between of two whales. Such difficult history is also the attribute of Poland. Poland was also a subject of partitions, numerous invasions of the neighbors. Polish and Koreans have common national features: pride, inexorability and independence.

Korea-Poland relations history of politics history

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Author: Łukasz Wojtkowski
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 241-252
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010013
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010013.pdf

Streszczenie:

The most important issue of this paper is contained mostly, though vaguely, in the title. What is agenda-setting and how it is related with freedom of speech domain? In further part I will try to present those, theoretically distant problems. I will also try to present how political and business organizations can affect on daily agenda, so in fact how thy can create access to free speech. There are some situations in mass media world, when those practices can be considered as internal or external censorship. In this paper I specific cases, all selected from American political and media systems. I think that US system is full of contradictions, from law confl icts (state vs federal law, First Amendment), owners of mass media competition (corporations, FCC) and finally state controlled media on the contrary to free speech (censorship).

freedom of speech Mass Media agenda-setting

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Author: Anna Dziduszko–Rościszewska
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 253-272
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010014
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010014.pdf

Streszczenie:

Freedom of possessing and expressing own ideas and opinions and their dissemination is one of the fundamental rights, that entitled to each person. In addition to this, the freedom enables searching and getting information. Thanks to it, the right to express your own identity, selfrealization and aspiring to truth are guaranteed. It is one of the basic premise and the necessary condition to realize the idea of democracy. In the United States, the cradle of civil rights and modern democracy, the freedom of expression is guaranteed in the First Amendment to American Constitution (Bill of Rights), enacted in 1789 (came into force in 1791). On its virtue, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of (…) the freedom of speech, or of the press (…).” Although the record suggested that this freedom is absolute, (not restricted of any legislation), the later jurisdiction of the US Supreme Court (by case law) isolated categories of utterances that have not been contained by the First Amendment. ! e essential issues are answers on the following questions: in the name of what values Congress can limit the First Amendment? And where is the border of freedom of speech? One of the expressions that are not protected by the law is fi ghting words and hate words. The second are libel and slanders that are understood as a infringement of somebody’s rights.

freedom of speech politics United States democracy

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Author: Wojciech Stankiewicz
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 273-291
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010015
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010015.pdf

Streszczenie:

Sovereignty is a broad based concept which grants enormous powers to heads of states within their boundaries. That power may sometimes pave the way for the abuse of sovereignty. There are many cases throughout history where the States tended to use their sovereign powers beyond their limits and tried to extend their sovereignty in an abusive manner, either within or outside their territory.

diplomatic relations international relations

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Author: Jarosław J. Piątek
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 292-303
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010016
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010016.pdf

Streszczenie:

In many analysis of contemporary military conflicts, their ethnicity is emphasized. Ethnic dissimilarities are indicated as the main element which causes diversity leading to even very dramatic events. For some people dissimilarity is a possibility of marginalization, for others a possibility of arousing some values which nowadays are very often treated as secondary. Ethnicity has a changeable character resulting from the process of its settling. It cannot be seen according to the rights characteristic for former processes. To what extend does the category change in the contemporary world? Isn’t it used only in order to hide a lack of communication and reluctance to compromises? Isn’t ethnicity manipulated by polititians, very o! en temporarily understanding interest of people communities, who because of very low reasons oppose symbolism of ethnicity to arising processes of modernization? Or maybe ethnicity is another “magic charm” which we use so easily sitting in a “quiet” of a political stability. The process which can be easily placed in universalism and hardly in rationalism.

contemporary politics Ethnic culture military conflicts

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Author: Jerzy Sielski
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 303-306
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010017
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010017.pdf

Streszczenie:

The book by Andrzej Antoszewski consists of three parts. The first of them is of a theoretical character. The author analyses the concept of liberal democracy, trying to present the problems connected with this issue. In the second chapter, he discusses the idea of a party as a political institution and presents how the social and cultural changes infl uence its activity. In a very interesting way, he describes the conditions in which political parties in Central and Eastern Europe were established. He wonders whether the diff erent circumstances in which they were formed have aff ected the way they operate and their mutual relations.

book review Andrzej Antoszewski Jerzy Sielski party politics European Union

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Author: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 307-310
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010018
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010018.pdf

Streszczenie:

The signifi cance of the Weimar Triangle as a platform for cooperation and solving the most important problems of continental Europe has been changing since the day it was established. Despite a number of signifi cant and spectacular achievements and answers given to the most crucial questions, there are still a lot of controversial issues in which the agreement cold not be achieved.

book review Klaus–Heinrich Standke Weimar Triangle

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Author: Jarosław J. Piątek
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 310-312
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010019
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010019.pdf

Streszczenie:

The publication is another title falling into the subject: Common European Safety and Defense Policy. However, it diff ers from previous depictions of European Union’s activity in the second pillar. €The author’s aim was an analysis of a development of European identity in the fi eld of safety and defense from its origins, that is activities taken and decisions made in the second half of the 1940s. € e author has followed through the European safety and defense policy from the moment of shaping its conception (Pleven plan) and setting up the European Defence Community until setting up the European Defence Agency. €The treaty instituting the European Defence Community deserves a special attention. It is the first presentation of such important Western Europe’s striving for creating the European armed forces in the literature of the subject.

book review Karolina J. Helnarska Jarosław J. Piątek

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Author: Marcin Chełminiak
Year of publication: 2010
Source: Show
Pages: 312-315
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2010020
PDF: ppsy/39/ppsy2010020.pdf

Streszczenie:

The beginning of the 21st century was a period in which the international order was still in the phase of transformation. The bipolar system, which fell into disintegration along with the end of the Cold War, did not trigger the end of history as some had expected.  e international community faced new challenges which will probably require new, more effective instruments. The new conditions of the evolution of the international order pose difficult questions to be answered by analysts of international relations. The questions relate to the analysis of the present order as well as the directions of its short, middle – and long-term development.  e international order, as with most of the elements in the theory of international relations, may be analysed from the perspective of various research schools. In Polish literature on the subject it has been viewed mainly from the angle of the classical paradigms: realistic, liberal or normative.

book review Sebastian Żukowski Marcin Chełminiak cosmopolitism

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