• facebook
Author: Andrzej Chodubski
Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 7–20
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013001
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013001.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the contemporary world, the development of education is given special importance. Education is considered as a basic force of civilization changes. Interdisciplinary education, focused on innovation, is seen as a necessary challenge to cultural changes. The level of education is becoming an increasingly important factor in determining the economic, political and social behaviour as well as values shaping systems. Currently, educational challenges are of interest to different actors of cultural life. They draw attention to the types of education, institutional arrangements, curricula, the teachers image, educators and students, teaching methods, forms of extracurricular education, financial aspects, etc. These issues are awakening big disputability, and even controversy, both political factors, responsible for shaping educational policy and public opinion, including teachers and researchers interested in various aspects of education. There is on the one hand – pursuance to preserve tradition, cultivating patterns developed in the historical process and enrich them through the elements of civilization challenges and on the other hand – promotes belief in the need for education outgoing to meet civilization challenges of education called modern, rejecting the existing patterns of development; moreover, in a Polish cultural reality, the traditional school model is known as a little – friendly institution for teacher and student. 

globalisation public opinion politics Education

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Egon Spiegel
Institution: University of Vechta (Germany)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 21–33
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013002
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013002.pdf

Streszczenie:

Although questions of peace are different in context, for specific questions today, we need a science of peace in a universal sense. It is true that sometimes talking about peace is too unspecified and therefore too general. The term peace in its common sense has passed its peak. Instead of talking about peace we prefer talking much more concretely and bindingly for example about (racism and) intercultural learning, (violence in family and) nonviolent education, (exploitation and) fair economic structures, (war and) nonviolent conflict transformation, (patriarchalism and) gender awareness, (ecological destruction and) animal protection. Developments of differentiation are positive. We can meet questions of peace on different levels of living together and in different parts of our life and therefore in a lot of terms describe special problem areas. Anyway we have to reflect on the universal dimensions as well as the principles of peace. Using the term makes sense furthermore.

peace Peace Studies Basics and Issues

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Sebastian Wojciechowski
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 34–46
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013003
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013003.pdf

Streszczenie:

Terrorist attacks in various parts of the world evidence’s what a complex and dangerous problem we are facing, even though a great number of states and organizations have committed themselves to combating it, deploying a  variety of resources and mechanisms for this purpose. Ne vertheless, there is no fully efficient method or system to counter terrorism. It is no use hoping that it will emerge soon (or ever), either. Therefore, combating terrorism resembles the struggle of the ‘global community’ with a globally operating enemy.

terrorism Research on Terrorism

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Author: Fabrice Morin
Institution: University of Franche-Comté in Besançon (France)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 47–59
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013004
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013004.pdf

Streszczenie:

The 5th French Republic was established after a period of parliamentary instability of the 4th Republic. It emerged from the concept of Charles de Gaulle, who presented its main ideas in his speech in Bayeux in 1946. As researchers indicate, the Constitution of the 5th Republic of 1958 met a wave of criticism after it came into force. For some it meant the introduction of the authoritarian political system in the state; others saw it as a system that will stabilize the situation in France and will prompt its development. It must also be noted that, although the French constitution has been amended a few times, its structure has never been questioned – even when some politicians changed their political stance and electorate. It is also worth pointing out that the critics of the existing political system focus on the excessive centralization of power in the executive bodies and on the minor role of public opinion in the formation of state ss policy. It should be noted here that until the constitutional reform of 2008, only the executive branch had initiated a referendum.

France Local Democracy in France Challenges

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Agnieszka Lipska–Sondecka
Institution: Koszalin Higher School of Humanities (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 60–69
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013005
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013005.pdf

Streszczenie:

The modern world is very complex and complicated matter. New communication technologies have changed perception of time and space, the states and their governments are no longer the main actors on a public life stage. Unimaginably rapid progress of science and technology has been the main reason for which more and more people do not understand or have clear difficulties in assimilating and using the achievements of civilization. Economy based on knowledge and development of innovative society forced modern homo sapiens to faster absorption of changes, flexibility in action and much greater mobility than ever before.

local communities Challenges Civil Local Communities 21st Century

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Danuta Plecka
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 70–90
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013006
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013006.pdf

Streszczenie:

In popular consciousness, the dispute between the communitarians and the liberals focuses on citizens’ individualism and the role and place of the community in contemporary society. However, it is merely a simpli-fied vision of the topic of discussion between supporters of the currents of political thought indicated above. Indeed, a no less essential part of the debate concerns problems associated with the interpretation of the idea and the principles of democracy, their uses and importance in human life. The canon of fundamental values of democratic government includes freedom and equality. These principles are inherently conducive to the emergence of conflicts, as illustrated by the classic dilemma „the more freedom, the less equality, and the more equality, the less freedom.“ This particular problem has determined the emergence of two major theories of democracy: individualistic and collectivist. The main difference between these approaches to democracy concerns the view of the relationship between the state and society, and between the state and it‘s citizens. And thus, the individualistic current (procedural) derived from the traditions of the English Revolution aims to reduce the area of activity and competence of the government to the minimum specified explicitly in the rules of law. Consequently, both Society and citizens are free from the state, the latter becoming only the guardian of the laws.

democracy Service of the Community community

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Agnieszka Turska–Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 91–108
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013007
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013007.pdf

Streszczenie:

The concept of trust in the context of voting behavior is difficult to define, because it is not a factor specific solely to this domain. Firstly, trust is an essential element of social life. It is the essence of social capital that has signifi can't impact on many issues – education, economic growth, crime level, quality of functioning of the democratic institutions, community of the citizens. Secondly, in large partly due to the multiple contexts of use of this concept, there are difficulties as regards distinguishing it from related concepts such as empathy, community, respect, kindness, brotherhood, esteem, unity. Despite the many shortcomings and imperfections in the concept of trust, it appears that the concept is well understood intuitively – individuals answering questions in surveys on trust seem to understand the concept very well, and their expressed trust level is proportionate to their individually observable behaviour.

Political Electoral Behaviour Electoral

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Bożena Wroniszewska
Institution: University of Opole (Poland)
Author: Ewa Ganowicz
Institution: University of Opole (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 109–138
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013008
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013008.pdf

Streszczenie:

The author undertakes to discuss the problem of rivalry strategies of political parties in elections to the Citizens’ Assembly of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. The broadness and multidimensional character of the subject area requires moving beyond the limits of political science and entering other related domains, like broadly-conceived historical sciences, also reaching for a number of establishments within legal-historical domains. Firmly grounded historical, legal, polity-related and political aspects of the unification of Germany in the context of German federalism, encouraged and obligated the author, to attempt to bring the above problem up to date. I think that thanks to a broader analysis of elections to the Hamburg Citizens’ Assembly over the last 50 years, the real state of the problem area can acquire a fuller context, with an emphasis on the foundations of local government functioning. To prepare this paper I made use of Polish and German sources published by Polish, American and German researchers. Polish and German literature off ered a valuable source to become acquainted with the history and the foreseeable future of Hamburg’s local government, in particular – the assumptions behind territorial and functional reforms, the evolution of which we have been able to follow in the Federal Republic of Germany since the 1970s. The main source of the presented conclusions and facts are data obtained from Statistisches Amt Für Hamburg und Schlezwig-Holstein (the Statistical Office in Hamburg). Among the Polish reference sources the most useful proved to be the book edited by Konstanty Adam Wojtaszczyk and Marta Jarosińska, under the title Kraje Związkowe Republiki Federalnej Niemiec (The Federal States of the Federal Republic of Germany).

political parties Rivalry Strategies of Political Parties Hamburg

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Agnieszka Kasińska–Metryka
Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland)
Author: Rafał Miernik
Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 139–150
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013009
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013009.pdf

Streszczenie:

Politics is a particular field of social activity where accusing an opponent of mental incapacitation occurs as a frequent element of the conducted narrative. Moreover, public opinion discrediting a profession of a politician is very eager to question the mental health of political actors. Vocabulary used in the public is a vital testimony of societies attitude towards people with mental disorders. However, we refer paranoia to personality traits of individuals while political paranoia refers to reaction to events, facts or to the way it is seen by individuals or groups. The authors do not have any ambition to carry out a psychological analysis of politicians. What is intriguing is the issue of using political paranoia (searching for enemies, tracking plots, fighting in defence of ideals, irrational justifi - cation of failures) in the group spectrum for elections. What is also intriguing is the answer to the question whether politicians are paranoid, or it is a well planned election strategy which aims to identify an opponent to consolidate a group of voters around the leader.

Political Political Paranoia chance rule

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Filip Pierzchalski
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz (Poland)
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 151–162
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013010
PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013010.pdf

Streszczenie:

Scientific discussion on political leadership increasingly takes on the form of interdisciplinary argumentation, in which different research perspectives, models and explanatory conceptual grids overlap. This state of affairs is on the one hand dictated by the contemporary trends in scientific research, especially in the broadly defined social sciences, where the cognitive, explanatory or descriptive relevance is achieved only by taking into account a broader, inter-disciplinary nature of scientific knowledge. In this sense, a thorough, reliable research practice consists primarily in crossing the formal borders of scientific disciplines, where researchers renounce the “complex” of detailed and firm definitions of their own subject of study to turn instead towards integration of knowledge from various, often very different, areas. The above is mainly due to the dispersion of objective scientific knowledge, which is conditioned, among others by: scientific and technical progress, the phenomenon of intertextuality (modern researchers in humanities concentrate their research effort on the texts and practices associated with this phenomenon, which means that their primary method in analyses of political phenomena is to fortify the text – specifically, to prepare the scientific text in such a way as to meet the standards of scientific writing and withstand criticism in the absence of the writer; as well as conceptual-theoretical pluralism present in social sciences. On the other hand, it is the result of scientific analysis of the given forms and practices of leadership, where nowadays greater attention is paid to the multi-dimensionality of leadership processes in politics, related to: the multi-level nature of concepts and research (meso, micro and macro-theoretical level analyses) and the need to take into account a large number of variables in the study of leadership (personality and environmental, situational, institutional factors, economic, political or religious variables). The consequence of this state of affairs is the multi-paradigm character of leadership, which in this case means that very often highly different ways of defining and explaining the complex relationship between a particular political leader and followers co-exist within the discipline. In addition, the multiplicity of paradigms of political leadership is a feature demonstrating the interdisciplinary nature of knowledge generated by political science, where various claims, theses, observations or conclusions complement each other, for example those originating in disciplines such as sociology, law, psychology, management sciences and cultural studies.

political leadership Political Modern Conceptual–Theoretical Transformations modern transformations

Kontynuuj czytanie

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart