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Author: Alicja Stępień–Kuczyńska
Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
Author: Katarzyna Dośpiał–Borysiak
Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 7-11
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007001
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007001.pdf

Streszczenie:

The meaning of dialogue can differ. In a very narrow sense it is defined as a reciprocal conversation between two or more persons. However from scientific point of view it should be first of all understood as an universal value, one of the most important premises for social actions. Dialogue should be than seen either as a form of bilateral or multilateral relations on global or regional scale or as a method of reaching political decisions inside the political system, functioning as a stabilizing factor. A constructive dialogue is constituted by three basic rules: rule of mutual understanding; rule of mutual respect; rule of integrity of each side’s convictions and behavior. Coexistence of these aspects creates practical mechanisms for solving problems of human condition, civilization threats and social and cultural conflicts in a globalized world.

political system European Dialogue cultural conflicts

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Author: Miao Huashou
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 12-25
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007002
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007002.pdf

Streszczenie:

According to he author of this article, Prof. Miao Huashou – from the Euro-Asian Social Development Research Institute and from the Development Research Center of the PRCh State Council, Russian diplomacy may boast of many great successes in 2006. Russia once again creates its image of a great empire by demonstrating its geopolitical and economic inuences. €e country underlines this way its position of an empire equal to the USA. It will continue to strengthen its inuences in the Commonwealth of Independent States and undertake all the eorts aiming to development of strategic partnership with the EU on equal rules. It will also develop its contacts with the USA, as well as it will continue political dialogue and economic cooperation with other, great world powers.

foreign policy Russian Diplomacy 2006 Russian foreign policy

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Author: Sylwester Gardocki
Institution: University of Warszawa (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 26-59
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007003
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007003.pdf

Streszczenie:

Russian President is both a political institution of key importance and a distinctive individual of a specic manner of behaviour in his authoritarian rules. In this article I would like to present the role of the President in society with reference to historical heritage and the modern political culture of Russian society. Taking into consideration the fact that public opinion and the media, in conditions of democracy or democratization, constitute basic social mechanism that forms bases and formulas of legitimacy, I have decided that it is merge to join the issues into one. It is the President that I aim my examination at, not the Russian media themselves, the history of their development a€er 1991, or their ownership structure that governs them. e media will be of interest as long as they are necessary to understand how the President legitimizes his powers, to what extent he is successful, and what scope of success or failure depends on in the legitimacy e‚orts.

the Russian Federation political culture Russian society

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Author: Janusz Korol
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 60-68
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007004
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007004.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Baltic Sea Region was the first multi-country region in the world to adopt common goals and actions for sustainable development. The instrument for that cooperation is Baltic 21 (formally “An Agenda 21 for the Baltic Sea Region”). There are two de"nitions of sustainable development (SD): technical and nontechnical. Technical definition: “a sound balance among the interactions of the impacts (positive and/or negative), or stresses, on the four major quality systems: People, Economic Development, Environment and Availability of Resources”. The non-technical definition was given as being: “a sound balance among the interactions designed to create a healthy economic growth, preserve environmental quality, make wise use of our resources, and enhance social benefits” [Global Community Assessment Centre].

Poland multi-country region economy

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Author: Maria Ewa Szatlach
Institution: University of Bydgoszcz
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 69-90
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007005
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007005.pdf

Streszczenie:

Identity as a theoretical concept in social sciences has evolved from a status of derivative importance into an essential and autonomous notion performing at present an important role that explains some processes of the contemporary world. According to Renata Dopierała, generally identity can be defined as a reflective attitude of an individual to himself, created by the necessity of self-characteristic building a system of ideas, opinions, convictions, etc., that corresponds with the given social context. However, the answer to the question: What is identity?, is not so obvious as some can expect. The relationship between identity, interests, preferences, and loyalty is also not so clear. Shortly speaking, identity can be also perceived as a self-conception rooted in the society, our attitude and relation to others. Its integral parts are two main components: individual and social.

European identity Populism social sciences

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Author: Jerzy J. Wiatr
Institution: University of Warszawa (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 91-99
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007006
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007006.pdf

Streszczenie:

The success of democracy depends on the formation of the social capital conducive to the maintenance of democratic patterns of behavior. Civic education is the most important instrument of the formation of such social capital and is, therefore, an essential responsibility of the democratic state. The concept of social capital, introduced in the social science theory by such authors as Pierre Bourdieu (1984) and James Coleman (1988), implies that the quality of democracy depends on the relations between citizens, particularly on the acceptance of such values as trust in others and willingness to accept them as equals. Consequently, the way in which human rights are perceived in a society has profound importance for the quality of political life and constitutes the crucial component of democratic political culture.

human rights democracy Civic Education

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Author: Andrzej Chodubski
Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 100-113
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007007
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007007.pdf

Streszczenie:

A characteristic feature of a modern state is dichotomy of its development. On one hand, it is striving a!er unification and universality of social, political and economic solutions aiming to integrate the world, but on the other, there is a growth of tendencies disintegrating a country, development of localness, aspiring to give local communities high level of independence and self-deciding powers, that is: the reverse of massive society. The phenomena connected with unification and aspirations for preserving local identity are complementary and complement one another. The globalization of world-wide system does not mean its inner homogeneity. The world is perceived as an internally diverse reality.

civil society globalization local government economy

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Author: Wojciech Stankiewicz
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 114-133
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007008
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007008.pdf

Streszczenie:

European Union is nowadays facing one of its biggest challenges and opportunities since its foundation. An answer, which will be sent to Turkey, will bring overwhelming repercussions in wide and large Muslim world. e far-sight approach of European Council can open new stage in evolution of European identity. The European Union’s aim is a safe, secure and wealthy continent, capable to peacefully cooperate with other states.

Turkey European Union European identity international relations

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Author: Marek Pietraś
Institution: Marie Curie-Skłodowska University of Lublin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 134-157
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007009
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007009.pdf

Streszczenie:

The international order, denoting in a very general sense the manner of the organization and functioning of the international environment in a given period of time, is a dynamic construction that evolves. e feature of the present stage is a transition from its earlier form called the Westphalian order to the future form with qualitatively new features, sometimes called the post-Westphalian order. This process does however mean that the “parameters” of the Westphalian international order are to be replaced by the parameters of the post-Westphalian order. The qualitatively new features of the organization and functioning of the international environment “coexist” with those characteristic of the Westphalian system of international relations. This “coexistence” determines the distinctive feature of the present stage of international relations, which is a hybridity or combining of solutions, o!en opposing in their logic, relating to the organization and functioning of the international environment. Hence it seems appropriate to term the present stage of dynamics of and change in international relations as the late Westphalian order.

Westphalian order Late Westphalian International Order

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Author: Pawel Laidler
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 159-173
DOI Number: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007010
PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007010.pdf

Streszczenie:

The main field of my study concerns the role of the Supreme Court in American legal and political system. My research frequently focuses on the case law, especially on some of the most important cases in the Court’s history, and on their in#uence on the whole of political, economic, and social relations of the country. I personally believe that American federal judges – among whom the most in#uential are the Justices of the Supreme Court – have gained more power than the Framers of the Constitution agreed to give them. Such situation occurred mostly because of the creation of the power of judicial review by the Supreme Court, which allowed the judiciary to determine the contitutionality of acts created by the other branches of government.

U.S. Supreme Court Cold War Fear V. Security

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