• facebook
Author: Dagmar Kusá
E-mail: kusa@bisla.sk
Institution: Bratislava International School of Liberal Arts
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 722-741
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018410
PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018410.pdf

Massive student protests in South Africa in the past few years, largest since the times of the anti-apartheid struggles, raised several questions for political scientists. Are we witnessing a generational change? Or are they a sign of a broader global shift towards “assertive citizenship” present in advanced democracies and democratizing countries? To answer these questions, this paper examines the levels of political support and nature of political participation among the young generation.
The paper also points out that generational change is not immediately visible in public opinion polls but is a process of a gradual narrative construction. Protests brought with them a challenge to the founding narrative of a united Rainbow Nation and reconciliation with the past, leading to a fracture in democratic stability. For the democratic project to succeed, it is essential that the national project in South Africa does not fall apart.

References:

  • Calland, R. (2016a). Make or Break: How the next three years will shape South Africa’s next three decades. Cape Town, South Africa: Penguin Random House.
  • (2018). Vital Stats: Public Higher Education in 2016. Retrieved Aug 30, 2018, from Council on Higher Education South Africa: http://www.che.ac.za/sites/default/files/publications/CHE_Vital­Stats_2016%20webversion_0.pdf
  • Cherry, J. (2017, June 29). The successes and failures of South Africa’s student movement. Retrieved from Waging Non-Violence: https://wagingnonviolence.org/feature/south-africa-fees-must-fall/
  • Chikane, R. (2018). Young People and the #Hashtags That Broke the Rainbow Nation. In S. Pickard, & J. Bessand (Eds.), Young People Re-Generating Politics in Times of Crises (pp. 19 – 40). Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Almond, G., & Verba, S. (1963). The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes in Five Western Democracies. Princeton, New Jersey.
  • Asmal, K. (2011). Politics in my blood: A memoir. Auckland Park, South Africa: Jacana Media (Pty) Ltd.
  • Dalton, R. J., & Welzel, C. (Eds.). (2014). The Civic Culture Transformed: From allegiant to assertive citizens. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
  • de Jager, N., & Adams-Jack, U. (2017). Stellenbosch University’s Born-Frees: Responsibly engaged. In D. Lambrechts, & P. Fourie (Eds.), Modern State Development, Capacity, and Institutions (pp. 137 – 148). Stellenbosch: SUN MeDIA.
  • Diamond, L. (1990). Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press.
  • du Preez, M. (2013). A Rumour of Spring: South Africa after 20 years of democracy. Cape Town: Zebra Press.
  • Easton, D. (1975). A Reassessment of the Concept of Political Support. British Journal of Political Science, 5(4), 435 – 457.
  • Fairbanks, E. (2015, November 18). Why South African students have turned on their parents’ generation. Retrieved from The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/nov/18/why-south-african-students-have-turned-on-their-parents-generation
  • Gqubule, T. (2017). No Longer Whispering to Power: The Story of Thui Madonsela. Jeppestown, South Africa: Jonathan Ball Publishers.
  • Hodgkin, K., & Radstone, D. (2003). Regimes of Memory. London, New York: Routlege.
  • Indaba with Alex Mthiyane. (Dec. 15, 2015). Gagasi FM.
  • Inglehart, R., & Catterberg. (2002, Oct 1). Trends in Political Action: The Developmental Trend and the Post-Honeymoon Decline. Journal of International Comparative Sociology, 43(3 – 5), 300 – 316.
  • (2018a, July 17). Ipsos Poll: ANC support at 60%. Retrieved Sept 5, 2018, from Ipsos: https://www.ipsos.com/en-za/ipsos-poll-anc-support-60
  • (2018b, Aug 17). South Africans rate Cyril Ramaphosa. Retrieved Sept 5, 2018, from Ipsos: https://www.ipsos.com/en-za/south-africans-rate-cyril-ramaphosa
  • Johnson, R. (2017). How Long Will South Africa Survive? The Crisis Continues (2nd Edition ed.). Johannesburg & Cape Town, South Africa: Jonathan Ball Publishers (Pty) Ltd.
  • Mattes, R. (2011). The “Born Frees”: The Prospects for Generational Change in Post-Apartheid South Africa. Cape Town: Afrobarometer.
  • Mattes, R., & Richmond, S. (2015, Jan). Are South Africa’s youth really a ‘ticking time bomb’? (M. Bratton, Ed.) Afrobarometer, p. 25.
  • Mishler, W., & Rose, R. (2001). What Are the Origins of Political Trust?: Testing Institutional and Cultural Theories in Post-communist Societies. Comparative Political Studies, 34(1), 30 – 61.
  • Ndebele, N. (2016, September 17). They Are Burning Memory. Retrieved from Njabulo Ndebele blog: www.njabulondebele.co.za/author/njabulo-s-ndebele-2/
  • Norris, P. (1999). Introduction: The growth of critical citizens. In P. Norris (Ed.), Critical Citizens: Global support for democratic government (pp. 1 – 30). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
  • Nyoka, A., & Lekalake, R. (2015, June 15). Improving Prospects for South Africa’s Youth: Education, vocational training still key priorities. Afrobarometer Dispatch No. 36.
  • Potgieter, E. (2017). SA Reconciliation Barometer Survey: 2017 Report . Institute for Justice and Reconcili­ation. Cape Town: Institute for Justice and Reconciliation.
  • Potgieter, E., & Govender, R. (2016). 20 Years of the SA Constitution: People, Institutions, and Rights. SA Reconciliation Barometer, Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, Cape Town.
  • Ramphele, M. (2010). Laying Ghosts to Rest: Dilemmas of the transformation in South Africa (5th printing ed.). Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: Tafelberg.
  • Ray, M. (2016). Free Fall: Why South African Universities are in a Race Against Time. Johannesburg, South Africa: Bookstorm.
  • Southall, R. (2016). The New Black Middle Class in South Africa. Auckland Park, South Africa: Jacana Media (Pty) Ltd.
  • Statistics South Africa. (2017, June 1). Quarterly Labour Force Survey Quarter 1 2017. Retrieved Aug 10, 2017, from Stats SA: http://www.statssa.gov.za/?p=9960
  • Swartz, S. (2016). Another Country: Everyday Social Restitution. Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa: HSRC Press.
  • The World Bank. (2018). GINI Index. Retrieved from The World Bank: http://databank.worldbank.org/data/reports.aspx?source=2&series=SI.POV.GINI&country=#
  • (2016). Human Development for Everyone. Briefing note for countries on the 2016 Human De­velopment Report: South Africa. Retrieved from United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports: http://hdr.undp.org/sites/all/themes/hdr_theme/country-notes/ZAF.pdf
  • Wa Azania, M. (2016). Memoirs of a Born Free: Reflections on the Rainbow Nation (Sixth impression ed.). Auckland Park, South Africa: Jacana Media (Pty) Ltd.

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart

Korzystając z naszej strony, wyrażasz zgodę na wykorzystywanie przez nas plików cookies . Zaktualizowaliśmy naszą politykę przetwarzania danych osobowych (RODO). Więcej o samym RODO dowiesz się tutaj.