Author: Dalzar Nashwan Salem
E-mail: sdalzar@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 7-19
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017201
PDF: so/12/so1201.pdf

Streszczenie:

The collective identity of immigrants from the Middle East in EU countries

Identity is one of the forms of belonging to specific cultural groups. By that, the individual becomes a member of the larger community. It means that individuals can integrate with each other, act as each other’s specific features. And what is more important to them, all the standards they adopt are the same. In the circumstances, whereas many social groups are forced to leave their countries, their respective objectives are different. Some are leaving for work, some avoiding wars or persecution, and others want to improve their living conditions. This forces us to undertake in-depth analyses of the situation, because the members of other countries are not always favourably disposed to accept foreigners. In the case of people from the Middle East concerns are stronger; the more Europe is struggling with the wave of terrorism. This raises additional concerns. These are strong enough, that it erases the advantages of the influx of foreign labour for an ageing community. Of course Europe undertakes appropriate actions to help the immigrant population. None the less fears are strong enough to block the appreciation of the advantages of this potential.

Ближний Восток Middle East collective identity the European Union

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Author: Michał Dahl
E-mail: dahl.michal@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 20-33
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017202
PDF: so/12/so1202.pdf

Streszczenie:

External determinants of Turkish foreign policy

The main purpose of the paper was to present external (international) determinants influencing the shape of Turkish foreign policy. The structure of the work is based on the scheme developed by R. Zięba, illustrating factors shaping the foreign policy of the state. Due to volume restrictions, it was decided to analyze the following conditions: evolution of the geopolitical situation in the region, the position of the state in the system of international relations and roles, and the range of contractual international connections (objective external determinants), as well as international perception of a given country and nation, and expectations and requirements formulated towards them by other countries (subjective external determinants).

Турция external determinants of foreign policy Turkish foreign policy Turkey

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Author: Marcin Adamczyk
E-mail: marcin.amadeusz.adamczyk@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Author: Kamil Baraniuk
E-mail: kam.baraniuk@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 34-58
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017203
PDF: so/12/so1203.pdf

Streszczenie:

The intelligence service of People’s Republic of China – an outline of structures and methods of activity

Studying Chinese intelligence service brings researchers and their readers together to identify the specific ways in which the state achieves its goals internationally. Intelligence is deeply rooted in the Chinese understanding of interstate competition, and its essential effect, ie knowledge, is a key element in rational decision-making in foreign and security policy. Intelligence is also an important tool for reducing the technological gap between the PRC and Western countries. Years of tradition, size and international status make the intelligence service of the People’s Republic of China have certain characteristics that characterize its operation. Their description may help to understand the philosophy underlying the intelligence work on Chinese characteristics, the role of these institutions in foreign policy and their methodology of action. Authors decided to focus on two aspects: the structures responsible for the interview and the specificity of the approach to collecting information. The main reason for adopting such a perspective is the desire to outline the main differences in Chinese intelligence work in relation to Western countries of cultural or even Russian. A look at the structure of the intelligence and its place in the system brings us closer to understanding what role the Chinese attribute and what they expect from the institutions called to collect information.

Китай guanxi cyber spying organizational structure of the intelligence service China

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Author: Natalia Sienko
E-mail: natalia.s1993@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 59-78
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017204
PDF: so/12/so1204.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Chinese-Taiwanese conflict in realist paradigm – three levels of Kenneth Waltz’s analysis

This article attempts to systematize the possible sources and causes of the Chinese-Taiwanese conflict based on the three levels of analysis presented by Kenneth Waltz. The author discusses the assumptions of realism theory (structural realism) on the basis of the modes of functioning of the individual, state, and international system. Through this analysis, it will be possible to assess the location of the various elements (forces) driving the war in the international system.

уровни анализа actors international system individual political realism participation of individual state

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Author: Agata Tarnacka
E-mail: a.tarnacka@uksw.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 79-97
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017205
PDF: so/12/so1205.pdf

Streszczenie:

Chinese legal system and protection of life – outline of the problem

The article entitled The Chinese legal system and the protection of life – the outline of the problem presents the basic issues related to the basics of Asian philosophical and religious trends that had an impact on Chinese law and the analysis of Chinese criminal laws relating to the lawful protection of life. Regarding the criminal law protection of life, it should be pointed out that the basic difference to Western legal orders is the statutory threat of crime against the death penalty. We should also mention the method of building regulations, which is far from that based on Roman law, which only confirms another way of thinking Asians about law. However, the purpose of the provisions – punishing the perpetrator remains the same, the same are also punishable acts. There are no diametric differences in the catalog of crimes, it seems that it does not differ from the provisions of Western legal systems.

Китайское законодательство Chinese philosophy protection of life Chinese criminal law Chinese law human rights

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Author: Katarzyna Skiert-Andrzejuk
E-mail: katarzyna.skiert@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 98-115
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017206
PDF: so/12/so1206.pdf

Streszczenie:

Georgia’s national brand in the European Union – is it possible “to sell the nation”?

In the era of globalization, the product development and marketing strategy (that were the domain of international corporations and small, private companies) are being taken over by the public sector. This exchange of roles causes that the state enters the branding space. It creates an offer involving goods and services of nongovernmental organizations, domestic enterprises, and government itself, and as a result creates a strong brand, called the state brand.
The brand of the state consists of three equal elements: national brand, country brand, and political brand. The aim of the article is to present the construction of one of the components of a state brand, the national brand. The Author tries to answer the question whether Georgia adequately develops its national brand, can it “sell the nation” to the European Union? The article was made as part of the “Georgia’s political brand” project conducted in Tbilisi, Georgia. The project was financed by the Faculty of Political Science and International Studies of the University of Warsaw as the “DSM 2017” project. It was made in cooperation with Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. During the project the Author created the series of articles about Georgia’s state branding: about the political brand, the country brand, the above national brand, and generally about the studies of state branding (the basic terminology).

брендинг national branding place marketing he South Caucasus state brand brand branding national brand Georgia

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Author: Zbigniew Wiktor
E-mail: z.wiktor@gazeta.pl
Institution: emerytowany profesor Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 116-150
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017207
PDF: so/12/so1207.pdf

Streszczenie:

Where is Ukraine going

The main thesis of article is the analyse of the socio-economic and national-politic situation of contemporary Ukraine, especially after it declared independence. The economy in the time 1991–2016 collapsed especially in the comparison to the Soviet time. It’s demonstrates by the deep fall of the industrial and agricultural production, high rate of deindustralization, the growth of unemployment and the emigration to west countries and Russia. The Ukrainian state and economy are in the deep crisis and their can’t to solve the basic internal and international problems and contradictions of the country. On the east border to Russia was broke the half open war, Crimea declared independence and joined to Russian Federation, Donetsk and Lugansk declared secession. The leading Ukrainian compradors wait the support from USA, NATO, UE, but the situation of Ukrainian state is dramatical and it’s near the category failure state, the perspective of the accession of Ukraine to EU is very long.

failure state Ukraine and European Union Lugansk Donetsk Crimea war on the East Ukraine crisis: social crisis: national crisis: political crisis: economic Independent Ukraine USA NATO

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Author: Jans Kevišs-Petuško
E-mail: jans.k-p@inbox.lv
Institution: Embassy of Latvia in Warsaw
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 151-178
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017208
PDF: so/12/so1208.pdf

Streszczenie:

Defining mainstream literature: the case of energy policy of the European Union

Several approaches are available to define the mainstream academic literature in a certain subdiscipline. However the sustainability of the findings of those searches is still an open issue. The paper addresses this problem by examining two approaches to defining the mainstream literature on a certain topic. In the first case, it verifies the approach of creation of the list of the most influential scientific publications using the “times-cited” and H-index as two of the main criteria. In the second case, the study applies a bibliometric approach by examining 90 academic articles on energy policy of the European Union published in 2013–2015. The study shows that former approach may lead to unsustainable search results as they are dependent on time when the search was completed. The search using bibliometric approach ensures sustainable results as they are not time-dependent. It produces the list of the most influential 28 academic sources on the topic that will not change through time if one applies the same sample of articles. The both approaches use the ISI Web of Science database. But as the latter uses the older version of the database, the search is limited to the articles published not later than 2015. The both approaches examine articles in English only. Therefore the paper provides general reflections on objectivity of such findings in a broader context of the study of energy policy of the EU.

энергетическая политика ЕС times-cited H-index bibliometric approach energy policy of the EU Europeanization

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Author: Валерий В. Коновалов
E-mail: gospodinbk@yandex.ru
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 179-197
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017209
PDF: so/12/so1209.pdf

Streszczenie:

“Lithuanian books” in the norths of Central Russia at the end of XVI–XVIIth century (used materials from Yaroslavl, Tver and Perm regions)

This article is about appearances of Cyrillic printed “Lithuanian books” on the Yaroslavl, Tver and Perm regions. Author marked three periods of orthodox publishing activity in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth also he analyzed dynamic of this books arrival to those regions. In order to analyze this dynamic he introduced new term “books arrival intensity coefficient”.

Литва Россия XVI–XVII вв. “books arrival intensity coefficient” Cyrillic print “Lithuanian books” Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Russia XVI–XVII century Lithuania

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