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Author: Michał Marcin Kobierecki
E-mail: michal.kobierecki@uni.lodz.pl
Institution: University of Łódź, (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8180-5710
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 158–169
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020209
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020209.pdf

Abstract:

The paper refers to the category of sports diplomacy and aims to investigate the issue of diplomatic subjectivity of international sports organizations, by the example of FIFA and its prerogative to grant membership to national football federations. Such processes on some occasions are connected to political and diplomatic significance, particularly in relation to states without universal international recognition, for whom participation in international sport is an important tool in their struggle for legitimization. The research question that the author attempts to answer is whether membership of national sports organization in the international sports federations can be meaningful from the perspective of the state’s endeavors toward securing international recognition. The hypothesis stated that the prerogative of international sports bodies such as FIFA to recognize national sports federations enhances their diplomatic subjectivity.

Tags: legitimization sports diplomacy sport and politics FIFA

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Author: Michał Lubina
E-mail: michal.lubina@uj.edu.pl
Institution: Jagiellonian University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3342-1763
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 41-57
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020203
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020203.pdf

Abstract:

For long Aung San Suu Kyi has been considered a global hero. After 2012, however, that deification has given way to condemnation. Suu Kyi was a hero; a hero who after 2012 betrayed the alleged values. The reason of this radical change of perception is the fact that until 2012 Suu Kyi had been considered a personification of idealism in politics and for “betraying” these values she has been criticized since then. This article claims that both mentioned discourses on Suu Kyi miss the point and are being built on wrong assumptions. Contrary to popular belief Suu Kyi has always been a politician; more: a realist politician. Therefore, the aspects that should be questioned are not whether is she a good or bad one or whether she turned away from the people or even whether she has changed or not, etc. The question is, whether she is a skillful politician – she must be judged by the ethic of responsibility. Suu Kyi’s tactics evolved according with changing political circumstances – she combined two archetypes of political behavior: that of a “lion”, or rather “lioness” and that of a “fox”. That itself shows one thing: Suu Kyi possesses prudence, the ultimate political value.

Tags: Burma Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi

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Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: joanna.siekiera@uib.no
Institution: University of Bergen (Norway)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0125-9121
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 199-202
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020213
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020213.pdf

Abstract:

“Together, protecting marine biodiversity: know how to act” was the French governmental conference organized by three ministries in Paris on 12 March 2020. Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, Ministry of Agriculture and Alimentation, and Ministry for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition along with two research think tanks, Ifremer and OFB have organized the “day of biodiversity”. Participants were mostly researchers, governmental and local officials, business leaders, fishermen, representatives of associations and foundations, all from France. Thus, the language of the conference was French. The conference took place in the 13th century Collège of Bernardins, a former Cistercian college of the historic University of Paris. Experts and audience shared reflections and discussions on major research issues on ocean change, as well as the French position towards global maritime policy in order to find proposals for sustainable management and protection of the ocean.

Tags: biodiversity maritime ocean France French territories ocean change climate change

Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 194-195
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020212
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020212.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Jarosław Wiśnicki, Czwarta władza w kontekście konfliktów zbrojnych i ataków terrorystycznych, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Toruń 2018, pp. 249.

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Author: Joanna Rak
E-mail: joanna.rak@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0505-3684
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 191–193
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020211
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020211.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Dawn Brancati, Social Scientific Research, SAGE Publications, Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018, pp. 384.

Author: Rafał Muster
E-mail: rafal.muster@us.edu.pl
Institution: University of Silesia (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8255-7803
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 170-188
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020210
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020210.pdf

Abstract:

Demographic changes connected with aging of Polish society shall determine the situation in the labor market to an ever-growing extent. The increase of average lifespan in combination with limited options of early retirement and smaller supply of employees shall lead to higher percentage of personnel aged 60 and more inside organizations. All these factors signify that more and more frequently contemporary companies shall function with personnel characterized by a truly large age gap. Undoubtedly, age of employees significantly influences their attitude to work, system of values, loyalty toward both the co-workers and the employer, as well their professional ambitions. In spite of these major differences, individuals from various generations will be forced to cooperate in the same teams. This article presents partial results of empiric studies dealing with the issue of generational diversification of human resources conducted in local labor market of the city of Ruda Śląska, both among the employees and employers. Opinions of employees and employers concerning the quality of mutual cooperation of individuals characterized by large age differences have been analyzed and simultaneously potential opportunities for mutual learning of employees belonging to different age groups have been presented.

Tags: generations aging of society cooperation of individuals belonging to various age groups labor market

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Author: Mateusz Wajzer
E-mail: mateusz.wajzer@us.edu.pl
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3108-883X
Author: Monika Cukier-Syguła
E-mail: monika.cukiersygula@onet.pl
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6211-3500
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 143-157
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020208
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020208.pdf

Abstract:

The purpose of the paper is to concisely present basic applications of game theory models for a scientific description of political violence. The paper is divided into four parts. The first part discusses the key theoretical issues including: the assumption of the players’ rationality, the assumption of the players’ common knowledge of their rationality, the Nash equilibrium concept, Pareto optimality, the Nash arbitration scheme and the concept of evolutionarily stable strategies. The second and third parts contain examples of uses of selected models of classical and evolutionary games in the studies on political violence. The following two interaction schemes were used to that end: the Prisoner’s Dilemma and Chicken. The paper ends with a summary and discussion. The key feature of the discussed models is their methodological simplicity, as demonstrated by the lack of need to use complicated mathematical methods. This is why the paper is mainly addressed to individuals who had not studied game theory before or who have insufficient knowledge in the field to conduct own studies.

Tags: political violence game theory classical models evolutionary models Prisoner’s Dilemma game Chicken game

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Author: Małgorzata Polkowska
E-mail: mpolkowska@wp.pl
Institution: War Studies University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6633-2222
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 127-139
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020207
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020207.pdf

Abstract:

Today countries participating in space activities, share serious concerns about militarization of space. The defense of space can become an important issue in the international arena, because counteracting emerging threats will probably be associated not only with the development of technology and operational capabilities, but also with the creation of political alliances or attempts at international agreement on certain “rules of the game” for space operations. Ultimately, the growing importance of “space for defense” creates the need for “defense of space”. Individual countries remain the main actors in the field of space defense. Military strategies are defined at national level, and the development and exploitation of military space assets are managed by national organizations. Today, most European countries recognize space as a strategic area, next to land, sea, air and, increasingly, cyberspace, but they have adopted different policies and doctrines depending on their sensitivity, priorities and concerns. European space forces also have different governance structures with significant differences in the distribution of roles and responsibilities, including space agencies and private entities.

Tags: Defense Space Situational Awareness space security space capabilities space

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Author: Paul McNamara
E-mail: paulmcnamara@hotmail.com
Institution: Technical University of Koszalin (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1688-1709
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 92-126
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020206
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020206.pdf

Abstract:

The abject failure of British Prime Minister Theresa May to get the United Kingdom’s (UK) Withdrawal Agreement from the European Union (EU) through Parliament on 15 January 2019, with MPs overwhelmingly rejecting it by 432 votes to 202, has been put down to a variety of reasons. Primary among them has been the question of the post-Brexit status of the land border between the Republic of Ireland and the UK’s province of Northern Ireland. Although an issue which was initially seen as of minor importance, the significance of the Irish border steadily grew over time until it became the main stumbling block in UKEU Brexit negotiations brought about by the decision of the British people to leave the EU in a referendum held on 23 June 2016. Indeed, the key term of the ensuing debate, namely ‘the Irish backstop’, produced such confusion among politicians, political pundits and the general public that the House of Commons, split between so-called Brexiteers and Remainers, decided to reject May’s deal out of hand. This article seeks to argue that, from June 2016 (the time of the referendum) up to January 2019 (the time of the first vote on May’s Brexit deal in Parliament), the issue of the Irish backstop was seriously underestimated before suddenly taking centre stage and ultimately sabotaging the Withdrawal Agreement from within.

Tags: backstop border negotiations European Union Republic of Ireland Northern Ireland United Kingdom Brexit

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