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Author: Theresa Beiner
E-mail: tmbeiner@ualr.edu
Institution: University of Arkansas at Little Rock
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5465-3507
Author: Peter van den Besselaar
E-mail: p.a.a.vanden.besselaar@vu.nl
Institution: Vrije Universiteit
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8304-8565
Author: Johan Jacquemin
E-mail: jj@univ-tours.fr
Institution: Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Ben Guerir
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4178-8629
Author: David Budtz Pedersen
E-mail: davidp@hum.aau.dk
Institution: University of Aalborg
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7861-7068
Author: Ismael Rafols
E-mail: i.rafols@cwts.leidenuniv.nl
Institution: Leiden University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6527-7778
Author: Gunnar Sivertsen
E-mail: gunnar.sivertsen@nifu.no
Institution: Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1020-3189
Author: Jacek Zrałek
E-mail: jacek.zralek@ us.edu.pl
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2813-8557
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 153-175
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.03.02
PDF: ppk/55/ppk5510.pdf

Abstract:

The text presents the course and conclusions of the discussion on evaluation of re- search in social sciences and humanities. The results of social sciences and human- ities research can, on the one hand, be of significant local importance, and, on the other, require an appropriate international context. These conflicting trends are dif- ficult to balance. A further difficulty is the attempt to reduce the evaluation of re- search results in social sciences and humanities to the effects of publication in ranking journals. This trend gives rise to many pathological phenomena (related, for exam- ple, to the increase in the cost of publication in journals and other ranked publica- tions). The dominance of the ranking system of journals within the framework of financing scientific disciplines has negative impacts on aspects of academic activi- ty beyond the publication of research results. Teaching activities and university re- lations with the wider world may suffer. In the course of the discussion an attempt is made to respond to these threats.

Tags: nauki społeczne i humanistyczne ocena wpływu badań naukowych ewaluacja nauki twórczość naukowa badania naukowe

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Author: Ivan Pankevych
E-mail: ipankevych@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2826-9610
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 187-201
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.10
PDF: ppk/54/ppk5410.pdf

Abstract:

Under modern conditions elections are an integral part of social life of every state. They determine the level of democratism of a state system and constitute the basic form of ex- ercising the sovereign power of the nation. Elections are the foundations of a democrat- ic political system and a guarantee that interests of various social groups are represent- ed in state organs. Under Ukrainian legislation a special place is occupied by personal voting. Nevertheless, voting by correspondence and voting by proxy are not at all in- consistent with personal voting. The thorough analysis of the possibility to apply voting by correspondence and voting by proxy in all types of elections in Ukraine allows for the conclusion that providing for this option by the legislator would have a positive impact on democratisation in Ukraine. It would therefore be necessary to make an amendment to electoral law by establishing precise criteria of membership to the category of voters that would be entitled to cast their vote by correspondence and/or by proxy. It also would be recommendable to increase the legal responsibility of the participants in electoral pro- cesses for breaching electoral laws. Above all, it would be necessary to develop effective legal mechanisms that would enable to enforce legal responsibility, including the crim- inal liability. The indicated measures would result in eliminating the unlawful control over electoral processes, as well as in diminishing the electoral absenteeism, which in turn would enhance the legitimacy of power.

Tags: głosowanie korespondencyjne głosowanie osobiste głosowanie przez pełnomocnika wybory

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Author: Janusz Bojarski
E-mail: bojarski@umk.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Author: Natalia Daśko
E-mail: ndasko@umk.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 663-674
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019411
PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019411.pdf

Abstract:

2018 local self-government elections in Poland were special ones. Brought to light mismatching of provisions of the Electoral Code and Act on Local Self-Government Employees and attempt to use it to obtain an advantage in fight for political power caused political emotions and legal controversies. The aim of this article is presents limits imposed by criminal law on right to be elected in this type of elections and more general, role of criminal law as a tool in politics. The article presents a problem of conflict of legal regulations regarding the right to be elected and perform a public function in a local self-government unit as a problem of conflict between will of voters and attitude of politicians to creation of law and aim they try to obtain.

Tags: legal policy criminal law electoral law elections

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Author: Katarzyna Błażuk
E-mail: blazuk.katarzyna@gmail.com
Institution: Polish Academy of Science
Author: Przemysław Czernicki
E-mail: przemcz5@wp.pl
Institution: University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 653-662
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019410
PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019410.pdf

Abstract:

The implementation of the so-called “golden rule” regarding the fiscal management of the sub-sector of the local-self-government (LSG) constituted a reaction to the growth of the debt within the sector of public finances and an attempt to curb the LSG deficit. In this manner the Legislator wanted to balance the budget regarding operating revenues and the operating expenditures and to allow for the use of public loans, thus permitting the generation of the debt only in regard to capital expenditures. The authors of the article evaluate the validity of introducing the new regulations, subjecting the “golden rule” to a positive critique and forming requirements for changes and improvements based on solutions to this problem utilized in other countries. An empiric data is presented that shows the consequences of overloading the LSG with the effects of the growing level of public debt in a situation when the responsibility for the majority of the debt (more than 90%) rests with the public governance at the government level. The authors also put forth the thesis that the implementation of the more restrictive rules on the central level is also necessary to optimize the entire system of public finances.

Tags: golden rule deficit local government units fiscal rule limiting debt

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Author: Krzysztof Makowski
E-mail: krzysztof.makowski@wsb.torun.pl
Institution: WSB University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 642-652
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019409
PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019409.pdf

Abstract:

Discussion whether to formalize participatory budgeting or not has been solved. Again, this time it has happened without scholars’ engagement. Given this situation, can we say that whoever is satisfied? The amendment of the act that introduced legal form of participatory budgeting as a new tool of public consultation does not meet anyone expectations. The reason to think so is that there is no new and compulsory form of public engagement in financial decisions. Moreover, organizational framework and the huge variety of using participatory budgeting have been turned to uniform pattern. Equally, it is hard to agree that implemented solutions, previously though as a way to increase citizens’ involvement in functioning and scrutiny part of public bodies, have been met.

Tags: financial decisions citizens self-government participatory budgeting

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Author: Szymon Gajewski
E-mail: sz.gajewski88@gmail.com
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 632-641
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019408
PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019408.pdf

Abstract:

The analysis of the results of the elections to regional parliaments of 2018 allows to take a closer look at the current political preferences of the electorate one year before the parliamentary elections. The distribution of support for political parties in individual provinces shows that Law and Justice (PiS) enjoys constant, high and stable support, which will most likely allow this party to extend mandate to rule the country for the next 4 years. The largest opposition party, the Civic Platform (PO), sees the chances of victory in uniting further opposition groups around itself. The common start with Nowoczesna under the name of the Citizens’ Coalition (KO) did not meet the expectations. However, the distribution of support in the local government elections showed that the actions consolidating the opposition are currently the only chance to fight a leveled electoral fight with Law and Justice (PiS).

Tags: 2019 parliamentary elections 2018 local government elections Citizens’ Coalition Law and Justice Civic Platform

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Author: Marcin Czyżniewski
E-mail: mcz@umk.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 617-631
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019407
PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019407.pdf

Abstract:

The article presents the result of quantitative research on local government elections in Poland carried out on October 21 and November 4, 2018. Its goal is to examine the proportions of lists registered by political parties and nonpartisan electoral committees and the mandates they have obtained. This proportion shows the degree of presence of political parties in local governments of various levels and sizes. The data were selected so that all provinces in Poland were examined (16), a number of districts were randomly selected (in provinces with less than 20 districts, data from half districts were examined, in provinces with over 20 districts, from one third). Within the selected districts, all communes were examined. The quantitative research shows that local governments elected in 2018 are not political only in small and medium-sized communes, in which the councils are made up mostly of councilors who were candidates from nonpartisan committees.

Tags: local governments nonpartisan committees local elections Poland

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Author: Marzena Cichosz
E-mail: marzena.cichosz@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Szczecin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0853-742X
Author: Łukasz Tomczak
E-mail: timczak@poczta.onet.pl
Institution: University of Szczecin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6808-0364
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 604-615
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019406
PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019406.pdf

Abstract:

The analysis of women’s participation in elections has long been an important theme within political studies. Scholars have looked at factors that affect women’s participation in politics in general, as well as their decisions to run in parliamentary or regional elections. In 2011, as the second Central and Eastern Europe country (the first being Slovenia), Poland introduced gender quotas into the proportional electoral system. Researchers looking into the consequences of such systemic solutions in various countries have established that the intended goal of increasing the proportion of women in legislative bodies has not always been achieved. In fact, the outcomes have varied widely. Such discrepancies invite further examination. The presented study focuses on regional assembly elections in Poland between 2010 and 2018. The article elaborates on and complements the results of the authors’ prior work on the 2010 and 2014 elections. The research looks at how effective women were in winning the available mandates, what were their placements and which parties managed to get most women into the assemblies.

Tags: gender equality Poland women’s rights regional elections

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Author: Małgorzata Madej
E-mail: malgorzata.madej@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Wrocław
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5274-8614
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 583-601
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019405
PDF: ppsy/48-4/ppsy2019405.pdf

Abstract:

The paper explores Wrocław Civic Budget in the context of procedures and impact. It reviews various data to present different aspects of this process: number of projects submitted and implemented, citizens’ participation in the selection process, geographical distribution of the implemented projects and their contents, showing the significant fall in the citizens’ interest in the process after two years of its implementation. The paper aims to analyze whether the project in its current form actually succeeds in activating the citizens’ and involving them in the local decision-making on one hand, and changing the city on the other. The effectiveness of participatory budgeting in Wrocław is explored, considering such criteria as reliability, impact, activation and innovativeness. The data reveal both the successes and drawbacks of Wrocław Civic Budget, allowing for presentation of recommendations.

Tags: Wrocław local participation participatory budgeting local government

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