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Author: Theresa Beiner
E-mail: tmbeiner@ualr.edu
Institution: University of Arkansas at Little Rock
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5465-3507
Author: Peter van den Besselaar
E-mail: p.a.a.vanden.besselaar@vu.nl
Institution: Vrije Universiteit
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8304-8565
Author: Johan Jacquemin
E-mail: jj@univ-tours.fr
Institution: Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Ben Guerir
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4178-8629
Author: David Budtz Pedersen
E-mail: davidp@hum.aau.dk
Institution: University of Aalborg
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7861-7068
Author: Ismael Rafols
E-mail: i.rafols@cwts.leidenuniv.nl
Institution: Leiden University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6527-7778
Author: Gunnar Sivertsen
E-mail: gunnar.sivertsen@nifu.no
Institution: Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1020-3189
Author: Jacek Zrałek
E-mail: jacek.zralek@ us.edu.pl
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2813-8557
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 153-175
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.03.02
PDF: ppk/55/ppk5509.pdf

Abstract:

The text presents the course and conclusions of the discussion on evaluation of re- search in social sciences and humanities. The results of social sciences and human- ities research can, on the one hand, be of significant local importance, and, on the other, require an appropriate international context. These conflicting trends are dif- ficult to balance. A further difficulty is the attempt to reduce the evaluation of re- search results in social sciences and humanities to the effects of publication in ranking journals. This trend gives rise to many pathological phenomena (related, for exam- ple, to the increase in the cost of publication in journals and other ranked publica- tions). The dominance of the ranking system of journals within the framework of financing scientific disciplines has negative impacts on aspects of academic activi- ty beyond the publication of research results. Teaching activities and university re- lations with the wider world may suffer. In the course of the discussion an attempt is made to respond to these threats.

Tags: nauki społeczne i humanistyczne ocena wpływu badań naukowych ewaluacja nauki twórczość naukowa badania naukowe

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Author: Ivan Pankevych
E-mail: ipankevych@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2826-9610
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 187-201
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.10
PDF: ppk/54/ppk5410.pdf

Abstract:

Under modern conditions elections are an integral part of social life of every state. They determine the level of democratism of a state system and constitute the basic form of ex- ercising the sovereign power of the nation. Elections are the foundations of a democrat- ic political system and a guarantee that interests of various social groups are represent- ed in state organs. Under Ukrainian legislation a special place is occupied by personal voting. Nevertheless, voting by correspondence and voting by proxy are not at all in- consistent with personal voting. The thorough analysis of the possibility to apply voting by correspondence and voting by proxy in all types of elections in Ukraine allows for the conclusion that providing for this option by the legislator would have a positive impact on democratisation in Ukraine. It would therefore be necessary to make an amendment to electoral law by establishing precise criteria of membership to the category of voters that would be entitled to cast their vote by correspondence and/or by proxy. It also would be recommendable to increase the legal responsibility of the participants in electoral pro- cesses for breaching electoral laws. Above all, it would be necessary to develop effective legal mechanisms that would enable to enforce legal responsibility, including the crim- inal liability. The indicated measures would result in eliminating the unlawful control over electoral processes, as well as in diminishing the electoral absenteeism, which in turn would enhance the legitimacy of power.

Tags: głosowanie korespondencyjne głosowanie osobiste głosowanie przez pełnomocnika wybory

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Author: Michał Marcin Kobierecki
E-mail: michal.kobierecki@uni.lodz.pl
Institution: University of Łódź, (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8180-5710
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 158–169
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020209
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020209.pdf

Abstract:

The paper refers to the category of sports diplomacy and aims to investigate the issue of diplomatic subjectivity of international sports organizations, by the example of FIFA and its prerogative to grant membership to national football federations. Such processes on some occasions are connected to political and diplomatic significance, particularly in relation to states without universal international recognition, for whom participation in international sport is an important tool in their struggle for legitimization. The research question that the author attempts to answer is whether membership of national sports organization in the international sports federations can be meaningful from the perspective of the state’s endeavors toward securing international recognition. The hypothesis stated that the prerogative of international sports bodies such as FIFA to recognize national sports federations enhances their diplomatic subjectivity.

Tags: legitimization sports diplomacy sport and politics FIFA

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Author: Michał Lubina
E-mail: michal.lubina@uj.edu.pl
Institution: Jagiellonian University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3342-1763
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 41-57
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020203
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020203.pdf

Abstract:

For long Aung San Suu Kyi has been considered a global hero. After 2012, however, that deification has given way to condemnation. Suu Kyi was a hero; a hero who after 2012 betrayed the alleged values. The reason of this radical change of perception is the fact that until 2012 Suu Kyi had been considered a personification of idealism in politics and for “betraying” these values she has been criticized since then. This article claims that both mentioned discourses on Suu Kyi miss the point and are being built on wrong assumptions. Contrary to popular belief Suu Kyi has always been a politician; more: a realist politician. Therefore, the aspects that should be questioned are not whether is she a good or bad one or whether she turned away from the people or even whether she has changed or not, etc. The question is, whether she is a skillful politician – she must be judged by the ethic of responsibility. Suu Kyi’s tactics evolved according with changing political circumstances – she combined two archetypes of political behavior: that of a “lion”, or rather “lioness” and that of a “fox”. That itself shows one thing: Suu Kyi possesses prudence, the ultimate political value.

Tags: Burma Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi

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Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: joanna.siekiera@uib.no
Institution: University of Bergen (Norway)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0125-9121
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 199-202
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020213
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020213.pdf

Abstract:

“Together, protecting marine biodiversity: know how to act” was the French governmental conference organized by three ministries in Paris on 12 March 2020. Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, Ministry of Agriculture and Alimentation, and Ministry for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition along with two research think tanks, Ifremer and OFB have organized the “day of biodiversity”. Participants were mostly researchers, governmental and local officials, business leaders, fishermen, representatives of associations and foundations, all from France. Thus, the language of the conference was French. The conference took place in the 13th century Collège of Bernardins, a former Cistercian college of the historic University of Paris. Experts and audience shared reflections and discussions on major research issues on ocean change, as well as the French position towards global maritime policy in order to find proposals for sustainable management and protection of the ocean.

Tags: biodiversity maritime ocean France French territories ocean change climate change

Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 194-195
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020212
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020212.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Jarosław Wiśnicki, Czwarta władza w kontekście konfliktów zbrojnych i ataków terrorystycznych, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Toruń 2018, pp. 249.

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Author: Joanna Rak
E-mail: joanna.rak@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0505-3684
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 191–193
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020211
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020211.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Dawn Brancati, Social Scientific Research, SAGE Publications, Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018, pp. 384.

Author: Rafał Muster
E-mail: rafal.muster@us.edu.pl
Institution: University of Silesia (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8255-7803
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 170-188
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020210
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020210.pdf

Abstract:

Demographic changes connected with aging of Polish society shall determine the situation in the labor market to an ever-growing extent. The increase of average lifespan in combination with limited options of early retirement and smaller supply of employees shall lead to higher percentage of personnel aged 60 and more inside organizations. All these factors signify that more and more frequently contemporary companies shall function with personnel characterized by a truly large age gap. Undoubtedly, age of employees significantly influences their attitude to work, system of values, loyalty toward both the co-workers and the employer, as well their professional ambitions. In spite of these major differences, individuals from various generations will be forced to cooperate in the same teams. This article presents partial results of empiric studies dealing with the issue of generational diversification of human resources conducted in local labor market of the city of Ruda Śląska, both among the employees and employers. Opinions of employees and employers concerning the quality of mutual cooperation of individuals characterized by large age differences have been analyzed and simultaneously potential opportunities for mutual learning of employees belonging to different age groups have been presented.

Tags: generations aging of society cooperation of individuals belonging to various age groups labor market

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Author: Mateusz Wajzer
E-mail: mateusz.wajzer@us.edu.pl
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3108-883X
Author: Monika Cukier-Syguła
E-mail: monika.cukiersygula@onet.pl
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6211-3500
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 143-157
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020208
PDF: ppsy/49-2/ppsy2020208.pdf

Abstract:

The purpose of the paper is to concisely present basic applications of game theory models for a scientific description of political violence. The paper is divided into four parts. The first part discusses the key theoretical issues including: the assumption of the players’ rationality, the assumption of the players’ common knowledge of their rationality, the Nash equilibrium concept, Pareto optimality, the Nash arbitration scheme and the concept of evolutionarily stable strategies. The second and third parts contain examples of uses of selected models of classical and evolutionary games in the studies on political violence. The following two interaction schemes were used to that end: the Prisoner’s Dilemma and Chicken. The paper ends with a summary and discussion. The key feature of the discussed models is their methodological simplicity, as demonstrated by the lack of need to use complicated mathematical methods. This is why the paper is mainly addressed to individuals who had not studied game theory before or who have insufficient knowledge in the field to conduct own studies.

Tags: political violence game theory classical models evolutionary models Prisoner’s Dilemma game Chicken game

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