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Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: j.siekiera@akademia.mil.pl
Institution: War Studies University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 178-180
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019113
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019113.pdf

Abstract:

A report from the 10th National Conference of the Australia, New Zealand and Oceania Research Association Security in the Pacific. Warsaw, (14 December, 2018), The Faculty of Military Studies at the War Studies University and the Australia, New Zealand and Oceania Research Association (ANZORA)

Author: Sabina Grabowska
E-mail: chatazawsia@wp.pl
Institution: University of Rzeszów
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 169-171
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019111
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019111.pdf

Abstract:

Jerzy Kuciński, Obywatelska inicjatywa ustawodawcza jako instytucja ustroju Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Studium prawno-politologiczne, Warsaw 2018, pp. 315.

Author: Kamila Rezmer
E-mail: krezmer@doktorant.umk.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 165-168
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019110
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019110.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Agata Włodkowska-Bagan, Małgorzata Winiarczyk-Kossakowska, Kobiety w polskiej politologii. Od diagnozy do współpracy, Warsaw 2018, pp. 64

Author: Karolina Tybuchowska-Hartlińska
E-mail: karolina.tybuchowska@uwm.edu.pl
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 155-161
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019109
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019109.pdf

Abstract:

This paper is the first step to fill a gap in the studies on the position of mayors in European local government systems. The first part of the paper will be devoted to critical analysis of theoretical and methodological studies on the position and selection of mayors. The second part will focus on verifying the proposed hypotheses. In the conclusions, an attempt will be made to present a profile of local democracy in CEE countries.

Tags: local government CEE Countries Mayors

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Author: Łukasz Jakubiak
E-mail: lukasz.jakubiak@uj.edu.pl
Institution: Jagiellonian University
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 135-154
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019108
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019108.pdf

Abstract:

The paper deals with specific links between presidential and parliamentary elections in contemporary France. The main goal is to demonstrate that the timing of the two types of political events is a significant factor preserving the configuration of a pro-presidential majority fact as one of the possible variants of French semi-presidentialism. This raises the question of the role of both elections as instruments for controlling the process of setting up a space of political rivalry that could be perceived as optimal from the viewpoint of ruling camps. The author analyses possibilities to provide the convergence of presidential and parliamentary elections under the conditions of a seven-year presidential term as well as after its shortening to five years in 2000. Hence, of particular importance is the impact of some mechanisms used in this field on the institutional logic of the French political system. Specific application of constitutional tools and some normative changes introduced in previous years cause the extent of the aforementioned control to be now much greater than in the first decades of the Fifth Republic. Looking at the convergence of both types of elections from the perspective of the evolution of the existing political system, the author argues that it is legitimate to divide the whole period of the Fifth Republic into three sub-periods: 1. the absence of electoral convergence (1958–1981); 2. partial electoral convergence (1981– –2002); full electoral convergence (since 2002). Due to the acceptance of the pro-presidential paradigm, the latter formula is now definitely preferred and supported by legal regulations, which affects the flexibility of French semi-presidentialism (significantly reduced, but not fully eliminated, probability of cohabitation).

Tags: Presidential Elections parliamentary elections electoral calendar France Fifth Republic semi-presidentialism

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Author: Marek Musioł
E-mail: marek.musiol@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 115-134
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019107
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019107.pdf

Abstract:

The article addresses current questions concerning the Kurdish situation before and after the invasion and expansion of ISIS. It applied the theory of securitisation to study the tangled circumstances and frameworks of Kurdish claims, underlining their attempts at gaining their much-desired independence. This elaboration enables one to recognise the genesis and the local, regional and global context of international actions vis-à-vis Kurdish interests, and the possible supporters and opponents of the Kurdish project of statehood in the Middle East. It portrays also the current perception of Kurdish efforts to establish their own national and legal subjectivity that must be recognised by the majority of state actors in order to meet the indispensable criteria of international law.
This article is particularly important in the context of recent developments in the Middle East. First of all, it refers to pressures, as well as openly offensive actions targeting the interests and territories controlled by the Kurds in Turkey during the existence of the so-called Islamic State. Secondly, it reflects on actors’ reactions in the international arena, including the countries of the Middle East, towards the independence referendum in Iraqi Kurdistan, as well as on direct actions aimed at shaping a new geopolitical order after the fall of ISIS (attack by Iraqi troops in Kirkuk or the Turkish army in Afrin).

Tags: securitisation constitutive and declarative international recognition Kurds Middle East independence

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Author: Kazimierz Pierzchała
E-mail: k.pierzchala68@o2.pl
Institution: John Paul II Catholic Univeristy in Lublin (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9972-943X
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 103-111
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019106
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019106.pdf

Abstract:

Experts on information competition between Russia and Western countries are convinced that president Vladimir Putin plans a war against the West as a long-term operation. It is directed on two fronts: internal and the more effective external one. Both can be developed in every country of the World; the opponent may be a compatriot but the ally may be a foreigner. Fortunately, in the West the effectiveness of these operations is lower. Confrontation with the West the Kremlin has many advantages: parental and controlled informational space, technical implements, huge experience based on expert knowledge, likewise a longstanding practice in conducting informational operations. Those actions are strongly concentrated and there are widely used digital platforms and also, they popularise the contents in harmony with Russian Federation politics. Their aim is not only forming internal and external public opinion properly and in line with the Kremlin’s interests, because as the annexation of Crimea has demonstrated that their aim is construction of a new reality of the world. Paradoxically, in the Russian Federation’s policy, media freedom and political pluralism are considered as a weakness of the West. Many communities which have different benefits are sensitive to the Kremlin’ s propaganda.

Tags: West Putin Russia information warfare

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Author: Aleksander M. Lubojemski
Institution: Leiden University (Netherlands)
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 90-102
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019105
PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019105.pdf

Abstract:

The changing political system of the XXI century has brought many shifts not only in the global balance of power but also in various regional balances scattered across the globe. The rise of national power in countries beforehand classified as small powers or other equivalents has forced to once again place these states in the newly created balances of power. Amongst these states is Poland, whose national power has grown substantially in the last decade. Hence, it is necessary to analyze how Poland compares to other states in the international system, on a global and regional level, and through this evaluate what Poland’s international position is. The article aims at assessing Polish national power and roles in regional initiatives to examine how Poland is placed in the global and regional balance of power.

Tags: economic strength militaristic capabilities regional power middle power national power Eastern Europe Poland

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