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Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: joanna.siekiera@uib.no
Institution: University of Bergen, Norway
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0125-9121
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 203-206
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020316
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020316.pdf

Abstract:

European Academy of Diplomacy Warsaw Science Diplomacy School. Warsaw, (June 22-26, 2020), European Academy of Diplomacy and Inventing a shared Science Diplomacy for Europe (InsSciDE)

Warsaw Science Diplomacy School 2020 was the 1st edition of summer school held together by the European Academy of Diplomacy, based in Poland, and the European Union led programme Inventing a shared Science Diplomacy for Europe (InsSciDE). The week-long venue took place online, due to the coronavirus pandemic, between 22-26 June 2020. Class of 2020 consisted of 28 participants from 6 continents, 10 European Union member states and 27 countries in total, where vast majority possessed different nationality and country of residence. Also, the mentors and instructors of the school came from over 13 institutions gathered in the InsSciDe consortium. Participants were divided into 4 teams where they were discussing study cases of how European science diplomacy applies to global challenges. The chosen challenges were the following: Natural resources as public goods for global health; A Matter of Global Epidemic Diplomacy; Scientists in diplomacy during the Scramble for Africa; and A co-production of science and diplomacy in the Law of the Sea.

Tags: European Union Europe European diplomacy summer school science diplomacy diplomacy

Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 198-200
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020315
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020315.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Ryszard Ficek, Christians in socio-political life. An Applied Analysis of the Theological Anthropology of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, Primate of Poland, Adam Marszałek Publishing House, Toruń 2020, pp. 406

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Author: Kamil Pietrasik
E-mail: kamilpietrasik@interia.pl
Institution: Asia-Pacific Society, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 194-197
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020314
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020314.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Michał Dahl, Aktywność dyplomacji USA wobec państw członkowskich Unii Europejskiej w latach 2009–2013, Nicolaus Copernicus University Press, Toruń 2019, pp. 224

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Author: Joanna Rak
E-mail: joanna.rak@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0505-3684
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 189-191
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020312
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020312.pdf

Abstract:

Book review: Daniel Kawa (ed.), International Security and State Borders, Adam Marszałek Publishing House, Toruń 2019, pp. 277

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Author: Jaba Urotadze
E-mail: jaba.urotadze@tsu.ge
Institution: Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5567-0595
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 171-185
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020311
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020311.pdf

Abstract:

In 2018, a mandatory funded pension model (second pillar) was introduced in Georgia. At present, the Georgian pension system has three pillars, but the reform does not apply to current pensioners. If society does not trust all three pillars, the chances of reversing the pension reform will rise for two reasons. First, the replacement rate from the first pillar (state redistributive pension) is much lower than in any of the OECD member states. Second, for the majority of participants of the second pillar, pension payments will start in 20-25 years’ time. Such a long period creates uncertainty for many about whether long-term economic growth will be achieved, which in turn would make possible an adequate level of retirement income. This paper attempts to identify means of increasing replacement rates for the state redistributive pension and coverage of the voluntary funded third pillar. The research provides recommendations to enhance the Georgian pension system.

Tags: pension replacement rate pension pillars pension reform Georgia

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Author: Karol Pachnik
E-mail: karol.pachnik@uph.edu.pl
Institution: Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2311-8522
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 161-170
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020310
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020310.pdf

Abstract:

After the local government elections in Poland in 2018, the adopted solutions aimed at increasing the security of the elections were reviewed. Some of the solutions adopted so far have been abandoned, such as transmissions from the polling station, while others have been minimized (the division of the precinct electoral commissions in the precinct electoral commission for voting in the region and the precinct electoral commission for determining the results of voting in the region). In public opinion polls, the National Electoral Commission achieved record of confidence.

Tags: National Electoral Commission security of elections elections

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Author: Izabela Kapsa
E-mail: izabela.kapsa@ukw.edu.pl
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2342-3682
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 151-160
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020309
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020309.pdf

Abstract:

The article analyzes the relations between political trust - one of the most important values in the life of political communities - and election-related behaviors in the narrow meaning of voting. Researchers investigate the phenomenon of decreasing turnout as one of the expressions of democratic crisis. When studying such a complex problem, it is essential to search for multi-theme causes which might be helpful in understanding the topic and possibly finding a solution for it. The author of this article, while assuming the correctness of analyzes conducted thus far, which indicate that the problem lies in weaker attachment to political parties, less interest in politics and inadequate tools, raises questions whether the decreasing turnout in individual states may be related to the level of trust that citizens put in political institutions and whether there is a relation between these both indicators. In order to answer these questions, the author employs a quantitative analysis of data which derive from reports containing percentage levels of political trust and turnout in the elections, a comparative analysis, as well as an overview of literature on the subject.

Tags: voters’ turnout political trust general trust general election e-democracy

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Author: Tadeusz Bodio
E-mail: tbodio@wp.pl
Institution: University of Warsaw, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8873-7434
Author: Andrzej Wierzbicki
E-mail: awierzbicki@uw.edu.pl
Institution: University of Warsaw, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5493-164X
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 111-133
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020307
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020307.pdf

Abstract:

The article presents the goals, tasks, organization and major stages of implementation of the international programme of research on transformation in the countries Central Asia. The research has been conducted since 1997 by a team of political scientists from the University of Warsaw in cooperation with representatives of other Polish and foreign universities.

Tags: post–communism velvet revolutions ethnopolitics political modernization political tradition political transformation Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Tajikistan Kyrgyzstan Kazakhstan Central Asia Research programme

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Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
E-mail: kamila.rezmer@onet.pl
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 96-110
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020306
PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020306.pdf

Abstract:

Intermarium is one of the most important Polish geopolitical concepts. This article considers it within the category of militant democracy. It allows to explore the process of militant democracy, that is, introducing restrictions by legal means. Most restrictions have recently been introduced due to a coronavirus pandemic. Therefore, the article undertakes to examine the potential for implementation of the concept of the Intermarium during the pandemic and shortly after its end. The study uses a qualitative analysis of sources. Indicators relevant to the study of the process of militant democracy were distinguished based on the body of literature. Results: The traditional concept of the Intermarium erodes due to natural causes. Currently, Poland is more inclined to the concept of the Three Seas. In addition, in the face of the analysis that was carried out, it seems that in a pandemic situation we are observing the end of the paradigm of liberal democracy in this case.

Tags: militant democracy coronavirus COVID-19 Poland Intermarium pandemic Three Seas

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