Author: Andriy Tyushka
Institution: Baltic Defence College in Tartu
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 27–53
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.02
PDF: apsp/52/apsp5202.pdf

Although a current and marketable term in the literature and political discourses, the notion of ‘international role’ still lacks a clear and succinct, let alone consensually applicable, definition. This article posits that, from the actorness perspective as a point of departure, the concept of “international role” may well be assessed through the lenses of the quad-element “PIPP” analytical model, which is herewith developed. Thereby, the analysis of actor’s international role has to make a long conceptual sojourn from power, influence presence to performance (PIPP). These four embedded concepts (PIPP model) help assess the explanandum, i.e. “actor’s international role”, in a theoretically-informed, systematic and holistic way, thus avoiding the pitfalls of sporadic (mis) usage found in common parlance.

ZAGADNIENIE „MIĘDZYNARODOWEJ ROLI” W TEORII I PRAKTYCE STOSUNKÓW MIĘDZYNARODOWYCH. MODEL ANALITYCZNY PIPP A ROLE ODGRYWANE PRZEZ AKTORÓW W POLITYCE ŚWIATOWEJ

Choć jest atrakcyjnym i nader aktualnym terminem w dyskursie politycznym i literaturze przedmiotu, pojęciu „międzynarodowej roli” wciąż brakuje jasnej i zwięzłej, a przynajmniej uzgodnionej co do właściwości definicji. W artykule przyjęto założenie, że obierając za punkt wyjścia perspektywę „aktorstwa” na scenie polityki, zagadnienie „międzynarodowej roli” można z powodzeniem wartościować z wykorzystaniem czteroelementowego modelu analitycznego PIPP, rozwijanego w niniejszym tekście. Tym samym analiza międzynarodowej roli aktora musi przebyć długą konceptualną drogę od potęgi (Power), wpływu (Influence) przez obecność (Presence) po działalność (Performance). Osadzenie rozważań w obrębie tych czterech pojęć (model PIPP) jest pomocne w wyjaśnieniu explanandum, tj. „międzynarodowej roli aktora”, w sposób systematyczny i całościowy, podbudowany teorią, co pozwoli uniknąć pułapek wynikających ze sporadycznego – także błędnego – używania tego terminu w mowie potocznej.

BIBLIOGRAFIA:

  • Adler, E., Pouliot, V. (2011a). International Practices. International Theory, 3 (1), 1 – 36.
  • Adler, E., Pouliot, V. (eds.). (2011b). International Practices. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Aggestam, L. (2004). A European Foreign Policy? Role Conceptions and the Politics of Identity in Britain, France and Germany. Stockholm Studies in Politics 106, Stockholm University Department of Political Science.
  • Allen, D., Smith, M. (1990). Western Europe’s Presence in the Contemporary International Arena. Review of International Studies, 16 (1), 19 – 37.
  • Bouwhuis, S. (2014). Reform of International Organizations.German Law Journal, 15 (7), 1307 – 1319.ECFR. European Foreign Policy Scorecards 2010– 2016. Retrieved from: http://www.ecfr.eu/scorecard/2016.
  • French, D.A. (2002). The Role of the State and International Organizations in Reconciling Sustainable Development and Globalization. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics,2 (2), 135 – 150.
  • Gutner, T., Thompson A. (2010a). The Politics of IO Performance: A Framework. The Review of International Organizations (Special Issue on the Politics of IO Performance), 5 (3), 227 – 248.
  • Gutner, T., Thompson A. (eds.). (2010b). The Review of International Organizations (Special Issue on the Politics of IO Performance), 5 (3), September 2010.
  • Gutner, T., Thompson A. (2013). The Performance of International Organisations. In: K.E. Jørgensen, K.V. Laatikainen (eds.), Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power (p. 55 – 70). London and New York: Routledge.
  • Hampsher-Monk, I. (2015). Concepts and Reason in Political Theory. Colchester: ECPR Press.
  • Herzog, M., Robins P. (eds.). (2014). The Role, Position and Agency of Cusp States in International Relations. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Hill, Ch. (1993). The Capability-Expectations Gap, or Conceptualizing Europe’s International Role. Journal of Common Market Studies, 31 (3), 305 – 328.
  • Holsti, K.J. (1967). International Politics: A Framework for Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  • Huntington, S.P. (1999). The Lonely Superpower. Foreign Affairs, 78(2), 35 – 49.
  • Jørgensen, K.E., Laatikainen, K.V. (eds.). (2013). Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power. London and New York : Routledge.
  • Jørgensen, K.E., Oberthür S., Shahin J. (2013). Introduction: Assessing the EU’s Performance in International Institutions – Conceptual Framework and Core Findings. In: S. Oberthür, K.E. Jørgensen, J. Shahin (eds.), The Performance of the EU in International Institutions (p. 1 – 22). London and New York: Routledge.
  • Jørgensen, K.E. (1993). EC External Relations as a Theoretical Challenge. In: F.R. Pfetsch (ed.), International Relations and Pan-Europe: Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Findings (p. 211 – 234). Münster: LIT-Verlag.
  • Jørgensen, K.E. (1998). The European Union’s Performance in World Politics: How Should We Measure Success? In: J. Zielonka (ed.), Paradoxes of European Foreign Policy(p. 87 – 101). The Hague, London and Boston, MA: Kluwer Law International.
  • Jørgensen, K.E. (2013). Analysing the Performance of the European Union. In: K.E. Jørgensen, K.V. Laatikainen (eds.), Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power (p. 86 – 101) London and New York : Routledge .
  • Kindleberger, Ch.P. (1970). Power and Money: The Politics of International Economics and the Economics of International Politics. New York: Basic Books.
  • Lieber, R.J. (1972). Theory and World Politics. Cambridge: Winthrop.
  • Lusthaus, Ch., Adrien M.H., Anderson G., Carden F., Montalván G.P. (2002). Organizational Assessment: A Framework for Improving Performance.Ottawa: IDRC.
  • Morales Ruvalcaba, D.E. (2015). Poder, estructura y hegemonía: pautas para el estudio de la gobernanza internacional. Volumen I: Índice de Poder Mundial. Guadalajara: Ediciones GIPM.
  • Morgenthau, H.J. (1948). Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, 1st ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Nye, J.S. (2011). Power and Foreign Policy. Journal of Political Power, 4 (1), 9 – 24. DOI: 10.1080/2158379X.2011.555960.
  • Nye, Jr., J.S. (2010). The Future of American Power: Dominance and Decline in Perspective. Foreign Affairs, 89(6), 2 – 12. Retrieved from: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/66796/joseph-s-nye-jr/the-future-of-american-power.
  • Oberthür, S., Jørgensen K.E., Shahin, J. (eds.). (2013). The Performance of the EU in International Institutions. London and New York: Routledge.“Presence”. Cambridge Dictionary Online. Retrieved from: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/presence.
  • “Role”. Cambridge Dictionary Online. Retrieved from: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/role.
  • Russett, B.M., Starr H. (1992). World Politics: The Menu for Choice,4thed. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.
  • Saaty, T.L., Khouja M.W. (1976). A Measure of World Influence. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 2 (1), 31 – 48.
  • Smith, K.E. (2014). European Union Foreign Policy in a Changing World, 3rd ed. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Vachudova, M.A. (2005). Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration after Communism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Wolfers, A. (1962). Discord and Collaboration: Essays on International Politics. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press.
  • Мельвиль, А.Ю. (ред.). (2007). Политический атлас современности: Опыт многомерного статистического анализа политических систем современных государств. Москва: МГИМО-Университет. Retrieved from: http://mgimo.ru/files2/y04_2011/186294/politatlas.pdf. Updated index and correlations also available online at: http://worldpolities.org

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart