THE PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
There are about 250 thousand people belonging to 41 ethnic groups recognized as indigenous peoples in the Russian Federation. From the legal point of view, their rights are well protected by the Constitution and a number of federal laws. Unfortunately, their social, economic and political situation is much worse than the standards set by the legislation. The provisions of these acts are violated and some of them are in contradiction with other normative acts. Another problem is the lack of implementing acts. Indigenous peoples in Russia, as it was in the period of the Soviet Union, are “the last among equals”, and their interests are rarely noticed by the regional and central authorities. This is due to their small size (0.2% of the total population), but, first of all, their interests are in contradiction with the needs of the Russian economy.