Author: Magdalena Kozub-Karkut
Institution: Th e School of Administration in Bielsko-Biala
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 22-42
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2014.44.02
PDF: apsp/44/apsp4402.pdf

The objective of this article is to demonstrate the place of the global governance concept in four international relations theories: realism, liberalism, neoliberal institutionalism and social constructivism. Global governance is defined as the sum of ways that institutions and international organizations, both public and private, use to try to cooperate at the global level in order to manage their common affairs. In addition, the paper defines global governance as being a specific perspective on world politics that offers a tool for understanding global change in an era of shifting boundaries and relocated authorities. The main research questions of the article are: how the most influential IR theories have reacted to the global governance concept and why the term ‘global governance’, so popularly and so frequently used in the 1990’s, has not resulted in a stable concept. Conclusions and suggestions presented in the summary point out that global governance held the promise of a radical transformation (predicted by almost every IR theory) of world order at the end of the Cold War. However, this great institutional transformation has never taken place. Therefore, current global politics still remain resistant to any form of world (or global) governance.

Global governance – konceptualizacja współczesnych stosunków międzynarodowych. Cztery ujęcia teoretyczne

Artykuł przedstawia miejsce, jakie w horyzoncie nauki o stosunkach międzynarodowych może zajmować termin global governance. Global governance zdefiniowane zostało jako próba nazwania współpracy funkcjonujących w świecie instytucji i organizacji międzynarodowych, a także działających w globalnej skali podmiotów prywatnych. Dodatkowo przedstawione zostało drugie rozumienie global governance – jako próba konceptualizacji współczesnych stosunków międzynarodowych. Pytania badawcze stawiane w artykule to pytania o to, w jaki sposób najbardziej wpływowe teorie stosunków międzynarodowych reagowały na termin global governance oraz dlaczego tak bardzo modne w latach 90. XX w. określenie nie zdołało utrzymać swojej popularności. Wnioski artykułu wskazują, że wieszczona przez popularyzatorów terminu global governance instytucjonalna transformacja nigdy nie nadeszła i pozimnowojenny porządek międzynarodowy nie poddaje się żadnym formom global governance.

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