Author: Marek Tylkowski
Institution: SWPS University
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
DOI Address:
PDF: ap/23/ap2303.pdf

Towards normalization? Relations between the Roman Catholic Church and China People’s Republic after 1949

The article is concerned with the relations between the Catholic Church and the government of the People’s Republic of China. It starts with a short summary of the history of Christianity in China. Then it focuses on the analysis of changes of policies toward China on the part of the Holy See and their reception from Chinese authorities. It points out that the Vatican government consequently is making efforts in order to normalize the situation of Catholics in China and that it is ready to for a deep compromise with the Chinese government if necessary. In that context, the agreement between the Holy See and the Chinese government, which was prolonged on the 22nd of October 2020, is more understandable.


  • Ad Apostolorum principis 32,
  • Ad Apostolorum principis 48,
  • Agencji ds. Uchodźców,
  • Ani „patriotyczny”, ani „podziemny”, wywiad z Alojzym Jin Luxianem,
  • Clark A.E., China’s Saints. Catholic Martyrdom during the Qing (1644–1911), Bethlehem 2011.
  • Cohen P.A., China and Christianity. The Missionary Movement and the Growth of Chinese Anti-Foreignism 1860–1870, Cambridge 1963.
  • Cole H.M., Origins of the French Protectorate Over Catholic Missions in China, „The American Journal of International Law” 1940, t. 34.
  • Heyndricks J., Sytuacja i problematyka Kościoła katolickiego w ChRL, [w:] E. Śliwka SVD (red.), Kościół w Chinach. Przeszłość, teraźniejszość, przyszłość. Materiały z sesji naukowej eklezjologiczno-misjologicznej Pieniężno, 23–25 wrzesień 1988, Pieniężno 1988.
  • Jenkins P., The Lost History of Christianity. The Thousand-Year Golden Age of the Church in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia – and How It Died, New York 2009.
  • Leung B., Sino-Vatican Relations: Problems in Confl icting Authority, 1976–1986, Cambridge 1991.
  • Leung B., Wittberg P., Catholic Religious Orders of Woman in China: Adaptation and Power, „Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion” 2004, nr 43/1.
  • List Ojca Świętego Benedykta XVI do biskupów, do kapłanów, do osób konsekrowanych oraz do wiernych świeckich Kościoła katolickiego w Chińskiej Republice Ludowej,
  • MacInnis D., Religion in China Today: Policy and Practice, New York 1989.
  • Mariani P.P., Church Militant. Bishop Kung and the Catholic Resistance in Communist Shanghai, London 2001.
  • Mariani P.P., The Four Catholic Bishops of Shanghai: „Underground” and „Patriotic” Church Competition and Sino-Vatican Relations in Reform-Era China, „Journal of Church and State” 2014.
  • Miazek M., Matteo Ricci i jezuicka metoda akomodacyjna, „Fundamenta Europaea” Fasciculus IV, 2005.
  • Mungello D.E., The Great Encounter of China and the West, Lanham–Boulder–New York–Toronto–Plymouth 2009.
  • Rule P., The Chinese Rites Controversy: A Long Lasting Controversy in Sino-Western Cultural History „Pacific Rim Report” 2004, nr 32.
  • SO F.K.H., Leung B.K.F., Mylod E.M. (red.), The Catholic Church in Taiwan. Birth, Growth and Development, Singapore 2018.
  • Summary of Bulletin, Holly See Press Office, Pastoral Guidelines of the Holy See Concerning the Civil Registration of Clergy in China, 28.06.2019,
  • Ticozzi S., The Development of the Underground Church in Post-Mao China, [w:] C. Yik-yi Chu (red.), Christianity in Modern China, Hong Kong 2020.
  • Tiedemann R.G. (red.), Handbook of Christianity in China. Volume Two: 1800 to the Present, Leiden–Boston 2010.
  • Tomala K., Rozwój demograficzny Chin w XX w., „Dzieje Najnowsze” 2000, nr 32/1.
  • Vine A.R., The Nestorian Churches, London 1937.


Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart