Author: Krzysztof Szumski
Institution: retired diplomat, expert on Thailand
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 170-191
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap202007
PDF: ap/23/ap2307.pdf

The Philippines in the competition between the USA and China

The Philippines started to be known in Europe when Ferdinand Magellan set foot on Samar island in March 1521. In the end of the 19th century in the Philippines emerged a powerful movement of local nationalists known as Katipunan. In 1896, an insurrection started against the Spanish colonial rule. Meanwhile, the Philippines were drawn into the conflict between Spain and the USA. Spanish troops were crushed by allied American and Filipino forces. The Treaty of Paris in 1898 ended the war, the Philippines became an American colony. In July 1946 the USA recognized the independence of the Philippines. The new state was completely dependent on former colonial power and the USA had military bases at Clark and Subic Bay. With the fall of dictator Ferdinand Marcos in 1986, the policy of the Philippines became more independent and in 1992 the American bases were closed down. Unfortunately for the Philippines, in another important country in the region started gathering strenght – a New China. The contacts started ages ago and many Filipinos were closely related to Chinese people, but at that time New China became very powerful economically, politically and militarily. The two countries came interests collided on the South China Sea. The Philippines started to search again for support from their former colonial patron and world superpower - the USA. Finally when the political and military cooperation with the USA again increased, in the Philippines arrived the constitutional time – limit for presidential election. Nobody foresaw the result and consequences of that election in May 2016.

REFERENCES:

  • AFP/Reuters, Debut du scrutin presidentiel aux Philippines, le populiste Duterte grand favori, „Le Monde”, 9 maja 2016.
  • Associated Press, US and Philippines Agree on Location for Five New Military Bases, Including One in South China Sea, „South China Morning Post”, 20 marca 2016.
  • Banlaoi R.C., Manila’s Role in Averting China – US Confl ict, „China Daily”, 28 kwietnia 2016.
  • Beevor A., Druga wojna światowa, przekł. G. Siwek, Kraków 2015.
  • Bonikowska M. et al., Morze Południowochińskie: serce potencjalnego konfliktu w Azji, Warszawa 2016.
  • Bonnet F.-X., Manilskie Manewry, „Le Monde diplomatique. Edycja polska”, maj 2017.
  • Chi Wang, Obama’s Challenge to China, London 2015.
  • Chinyong Liow J., Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia, London 2015.
  • Cortes R.M. et al. (red.), Philippine Presidents: 100 Years, Quezon City, Philippines 1999.
  • Foreign Ministry, FM Responds to Manila’s China Sea Accusations, „China Daily”, 3 lipca 2013.
  • Heydarian R.J., Asia’s New Battlefi eld – The USA, China and the Struggle for the Western Pacifi c, London 2015.
  • Karnow S., In Our Image – American Empire in the Philippine, Manila 1989.
  • Le Monde/AFP, Pour les Philippines, la Chine menace la paix en mer de Chine du Sud, 30 czerwca 2013.
  • Li Jinming, Sino-Philippine Dispute over the South China Sea and Its Prospects, „Contemporary International Relations” 2014, t. 24, nr 6.
  • Patanne E.P., The Philippines – In the 6th to 16th Centuries, Manila 1996.
  • Wojtczak J., Filipiny 1898–1902, Warszawa 2015.
  • Zhang Yunbi, US-Philippine Drill Fuels Tension, „China Daily”, 3 lipca 2012.
  • Zhou Wa, US Boosts in Philippines amid South China Sea Tension, „China Daily”, 31

 

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart