Author: Małgorzata Pietrasiak
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 179-197
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200409
PDF: ap/7/ap0709.pdf

Streszczenie:

MODERNIZATION OF THE VIETNAMESE SOCIAL-ECONOMIC SYSTEM

In 1986, during the 6th congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Party`s new secretary general Nguyen Van Lieu, announced the introduction of economic reforms program known as “doi moi”. The Vietnamese reforms resembled the Chinese transformation. The rules were simple – agricultural farms were to attain a higher level of independence, the land was to remain state property but was to be the subject of hereditary laws, and the tenancy agreements were to be signed for a period of 50 years. Vietnamese towns and cities were provided with foreign investments. Rejection of a closed and autarchic economy, introduction of market economy and joining the world financial system were to be the basic methods of economic development. The VCP remained in the key position. The 1992 constitution ensured the market economy, but also included Party`s leadership principle.
The implementation and realization of the “doi moi” program has a positive influence on Vietnam`s social and economic development, especially those of its features like the support for multi sectoral economy and diversification of property forms, a bigger openness of the economy and its inclusion in the economic integration processes, diversification of economic partners and improvement of public services` quality. The change of secretary general of the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam which took place after the Party congress in March 2001 (former secretary Le Kha Phieu was replaced by Nong Duc Manh, advocate of the economic reforms` acceleration) indicates that the reforming process is irreversible. Nevertheless one must remember, that this process is a subject to various whirls and is characterized by lack of consistency. The problems which were defined at the beginning of the transformation remain unresolved. Political changes are still far behind the economic ones, unprofitable state-owned enterprises remain under state protection for fear of unemployment, the growth of disproportion between regions and social groups (especially between urban and rural populations), the high poverty ratio, the implementation of complicated tariffs, high export duties, licences and quantitative limitations without transparent rules.
Vietnam became a member of South East Asia`s most important organizations: ASEAN, APEC, ASEM and normalized relations with its neighbours. At present joining the WTO has the highest priority in Vietnamese foreign policy, with the end of 2005 the most probable tim.

Author: Paweł Milewski
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 198-213
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200410
PDF: ap/7/ap0710.pdf

Streszczenie:

DEVELOPMENT POLICY OF WESTERN CHINA AND ECONOMIC RELATIONS WITH NEIGHBORING STATES OF CENTRAL ASIA

It has been 25 years since China embarked on the path of economic modernization and openness. Although China continues its spectacular economic growth and the fast pace of GDP reached 9,1 percent in 2003 the internal economic situation is very complex. The widening prosperity gap between urban and rural areas and geographically between East and West China is a crucial for the government in Beijing. The growing disparities between different regions forced the central government to start special western development strategy four years ago to help the relatively backward west catch up with the more well-off east. The main purpose of so called “Go West” strategy is to guarantee the sustainable development of overall China’s economy. As admitted by Premier Wen Jiabao the strategy as far has been steady but remains a long-term and difficult task for at least next few decades.
The success of reforms in the Western China means also the necessity of its opening to the outside world. Chinese authorities consider the development of western regions in terms of China economic policy towards the region of Central Asian. Although the most immediate and pressing China’s interests in the region revolve around issues of national security its still growing energy demand and searching for the new markets make the region very attractive to Beijing. China’s export routes and a potential role as an economic engine for greater Central Asia offer China a potentially role in the region; development and a strong position from which to fulfill its own development needs.
China plays an active and crucial role in Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Its eagerness to emphasize the growing need of economic cooperation among all the members show the direction of the Chinese foreign economic policy in the region. China’s economic interest and presence in Central Asia are expanding quickly and have considerable potential. Interests of the other players, particularly USA and Russia in the region and the growing competition have to be considered as an important challenge to the China’s continuing emergence in Central Asia.

Author: Karin Tomala
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 214-218
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200411
PDF: ap/7/ap0711.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Krzysztof Gawlikowski
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 219-229
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200412
PDF: ap/7/ap0712.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Bogdan Góralczyk
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 230-234
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200413
PDF: ap/7/ap0713.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Krzysztof Gawlikowski
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 235-240
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200414
PDF: ap/7/ap0714.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Krzysztof Gawlikowski
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 241-243
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200415
PDF: ap/7/ap0715.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Beata Stoczyńska
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 250-252
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap200418
PDF: ap/7/ap0718.pdf

Streszczenie:

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart