Author: Karolina Patela
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 195-217
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201209
PDF: ap/15/ap1509.pdf

Abstract:

The problem of Filipino labor migration to Japan

This paper analyzes the question of migration from the Philippines to Japan, which has dominated relations between the two countries since the late 1970s. The Philippines are one of the world’s largest labor exporters. The demographic situation of Japan determines its role as an importer of labor. However, Japanese law and society remain xenophobic. The feminization of Filipino migration to Japan has affected the image associated with Filipinos in Japan and the spectrum of difficulties faced by the Filipino community of Japan, which at the moment numbers over 200,000 persons. Prejudice, law-sanctioned discrimination and cultural differences are among the most prominent issues. This paper discusses the origins of the most significant problems. It also seeks to point at possibilities of future developments in relations between the two societies as well as Japanese and Filipino individuals.

Author: Karol Żakowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 218-229
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201210
PDF: ap/15/ap1510.pdf

Abstract:

From euphoria to disenchantment. An analysis of Hatoyama Yukio’s premiership

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) achieved a landslide victory in the parliamentary elections of 2009. When the government of Hatoyama Yukio was formed in September 2009, it enjoyed the confidence of the majority of Japanese society. Nevertheless, this euphoria quickly turned into disappointment, and Hatoyama had to resign after only eight months in office. This article tries to explain the reasons of Hatoyama’s failure.
The DPJ promised to conduct a thorough reform of the Japanese political and economic system by eliminating the Liberal Democratic Party’s (LDP) style of policymaking. It turned out, however, that some old practices were common also to the new ruling party. The DPJ had announced that it would break the ties between the politicians and the world of bureaucrats and businessmen. Prime Minister Hatoyama managed to weaken the influence of the bureaucrats on the decision-making process, but his party proved untrustworthy in the fight against corruption practices. Illegal donations to General Secretary of DPJ Ozawa Ichirō and to Hatoyama himself contributed to a decrease in the support for the government. A direct cause of the prime minister’s resignation was his inability to renegotiate the Japan-U.S. agreement on the relocation of Futenma military base. Faced with strong opposition even within his own party, Hatoyama had to prematurely step down from office.

Author: Dominik Mierzejewski
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
Author: Karol Żakowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 230-255
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201211
PDF: ap/15/ap1511.pdf

Abstract:

„Asia saying no”: the sources of Japanese and Chinese anti-American sentiments

In the last decade of the 20th century in both Japan and China policy makers and intellectuals indicated the need for common Asian values. Taking a constructivist approach the paper attempts to analyze the preconditions of anti-Americanism thus shaping common identity. The major problem is discussed based on two books published in Japan by Ishihara Shintaro and in China by the group of journalists. Anti-American feelings first emerged in Japan in the late 1980s. In the book “The Japan That Can Say No” Ishihara criticized the excessive subordination of Japan to the United States. He proposed to implement a more assertive foreign policy, using the attributes of the Japanese economic power. At that time in China, in the first decade of era of reforms, “Western studies fever” dominated over traditional values. Nevertheless, due to an ideological vacuum after the Tian’anmen crackdown the Chinese government decided to fuel national sentiments. Partly as an outcome of this policy, a group of journalists published “China Can Say No”. The study is mainly based on a comparative approach that allowed to present conditions for rising anti-Americanism in both states, expose similarities and differences between the two approaches and frame possible consequences for international relationship.

Author: Stanisław Meyer
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 256-258
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201212
PDF: ap/15/ap1512.pdf

Abstract:

Author: Krzysztof Stefański
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 259-273
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201213
PDF: ap/15/ap1513.pdf

Abstract:

Nuclear energy after Fukushima: lessons and phobias

At the beginning of the paper some basic facts concerning the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and the disaster of the Fukushima Daiichi power plant are recalled. Following that principles of energy production via nuclear fission are briefly explained and both the profits and dangers connected with such technology are discussed. In the final part of the paper lessons following the disaster are considered and the role of human recklessness in causing it is stressed. In the concluding part it is argued that while essential improvement of safety standards should be the primary lesson learnt from the Fukushima disaster, a general ban on nuclear fission as an energy source would be an overreaction bringing about economically harmful consequences.

Author: Stanisław Meyer
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 274-276
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201214
PDF: ap/15/ap1514.pdf

Abstract:

Author: Arkadiusz Jabłoński
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 277-281
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201215
PDF: ap/15/ap1515.pdf

Abstract:

Author: Bogdan Góralczyk
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 287-290
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201217
PDF: ap/15/ap1517.pdf

Abstract:

Author: Piotr Ostaszewski
Institution: Szkoła Główna Handlowa
Year of publication: 2012
Source: Show
Pages: 291-295
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ap201218
PDF: ap/15/ap1518.pdf

Abstract:

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