Cult of personality and the question of creating «revolutionary identity» during the Cultural Revolution
The paper aims to answer the question whether during the Cultural Revolution China had its own ‘revolutionary identity’ or if this issue was rather a matter of internal struggle on power. Providing an in-depth analysis of ‘Renmin Ribao’, ‘Hongqi’ and ‘Peking Review’, the paper describes twists and turns in the picture of the outside world in China’s propaganda. This example illustrates the importance of foreign countries, mainly the United States (capitalist state) and the Soviet Union (revisionist state) in shaping China’s ‘revolutionary identity’. On the other hand, the described internal struggle on power and factionalism tends to support the thesis that ‘revolutionary identity’ falls the victim to the relationship between major policy makers of this time: Mao Zedong, Zhao Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, Deng Xiaoping, and Chen Yi.