Author: Agata Wentz
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. KEN w Krakowie
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 213-224
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2019.01.12
PDF: em/10/em1012.pdf

Autyzm jest zaburzeniem neurorozwojowym, które manifestuje się w obszarach związanych między innymi z relacjami społecznymi, komunikacją werbalną i niewerbalną. W ciągu ostatnich dziesięciu lat liczne kampanie społeczne na całym świecie, także w regionie Półwyspu Arabskiego, podniosły ogólny poziom świadomości na temat tego zaburzenia zarówno wśród rodziców, jak i ekspertów. Jednakże tradycyjne wierzenia i przekonania pozostają nadal istotnymi czynnikami, które kształtują zachowania związane z profilaktyką prozdrowotną i nastawieniem do kwestii związanych z szeroko pojętym zdrowiem psychicznym. Niniejsze opracowanie omawia znaczenie tych czynników, a także religii, na percepcję zaburzeń ze spektrum autyzmu w regionie państw GCC (Rady Współpracy Zatoki).

Children with autism spectrum disorders in the Arab Gulf countries – the Others?

Autism is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by impaired social interactions, impaired verbal and nonverbal communication and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors. In the last decade there has been an increased media attention to autism both globally and across GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council countries), which in turn has increased the knowledge and awareness of the condition in the Arabian Gulf region among both parents and professionals. Traditional beliefs, however, leave important influences on health behaviors, which leads to implications on health communication area. Religion, spirituality and culture play a large role, especially when considering the diagnosis of mental health disorders. This paper addresses the issue of immaterial boundaries constructed by culturally bound child-upbringing practices with special attention to how these practices and beliefs create attitudes towards disabilities such as autism.

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