- Year of publication: 2020
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-8
- DOI Address: -
The article describes the role of the problem of national minorities (Poles in Zaolzie, Czechs mainly in Kłodzko, and Slovaks in Polish parts of Spiš and Orava) in Polish-Czechoslovakian relations during the communist era. In the light of the author’s research, the nationalist heritage of border disputes from the first half of the 20th century influenced relations between the two countries also in later years, although the minority problem in their mutual relations was marginal and officially did not exist for both sides.
Stosunki polsko-czechosłowackie po II wojnie światowej Zaolzie Spisz Orawa Kłodzko mniejszość polska w Czechosłowacji Czesi i Słowacy w Polsce Polish-Czechoslovak relations after World War II Spiš Orava Polish minority in Czechoslovakia Czechs and Slovaks in Poland
The article presents Poland’s foreign policy towards Czechoslovakia during the crisis of 1938 against the background of Polish plans in Central Europe aimed at inhibiting the growth of influence of the Third Reich and the Soviet Union in this area.
The idea of a Polish-Czechoslovak confederation was strongly supported by London in the initial stages of World War II. The differences in the attitude towards the Soviet Union proved to have been the most important obstacle to close Polish-Czechoslovak collaboration.
Polish-Czechoslovak confederation Czechoslovak authorities in exile during WWII Polish government in exile during WWII British diplomacy and the idea of confederations in Europe in WWII diplomacy of World War II konfederacja polsko-czechosłowacka władze czechosłowackie na uchodźstwie w czasie II wojny światowej polski rząd na uchodźstwie w czasie II wojny światowej brytyjska dyplomacja wobec idei konfederacyjnej w czasie II wojny światowej dyplomacja podczas drugiej wojny światowej
The article deals with the repatriation of Polish soldiers from Italy to Poland and is based on Czech archival documents which have not been researched before. It reveals the Czechoslovak authorities’ attitude towards the repatriation of the soldiers.
The paper deals with the topic of the employment of the Polish workers in post- -war Czechoslovakia. Analysed are mainly the features of the Czechoslovak workforce policy with some insight into the political context of the Czechoslovak-Polish relations. Despite the tensions, the employment of Polish citizens in Czechoslovak coal mines continued after the war in line with the laws of supply and demand. The advantages of the temporary border crossing, were enjoyed and quietly tolerated by both parties. First, with the start of the five- and six-year Plans in both countries, this development conformed with the demands of the centrally directed policy for the distribution of workforce stemming from a planned economy. From its very beginning, recruitment of Polish agricultural workers represented a method employed by the government in its attempt to cope with the permanent shortage of workers in the post-war Czechoslovak labour market. Just like the other emergency measures, it was accompanied by disproportions in economic costs. The influence of political symbols which were detrimental to the economy were also among the specific attributes of this arrangements. The development in both cases reveals a change in the economic as well as political thinking on the threshold of the communist rule.
This study looks at the Czech Catholic Modernism and its attempts to renew the Church. An attempt has been made to highlight the fact that the sources of inspiration came not only from Western Europe but that Czech Catholic priests were also influenced by Polish culture.
Zygmunt Krasiński Juliusz Słowacki Marian Zdziechowski Emanuel Masák cultural inspiration Polish writers Catholic Modernism art and religion inspiracje kulturalne polscy piszarze katolicki modernizm sztuka i religia
This article presents the responses of Polish and Russian newspapers published in Russia after the February Revolution of 1917 to the Interim Government’s Proclamation to Poles which heralded a revival of an independent Polish state. Based on the source texts, the article presents opinions of Polish and Russian journalists on the issue. An analysis of the press texts leads to a conclusion that nearly all the circles welcomed the act, turning a blind eye to its controversial provisions like the one about the Polish-Russian free military alliance.
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Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart