Author: MAGDALENA BINIAŚ-SZKOPEK
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 15-35
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso150202
PDF: hso/9/hso902.pdf

The paper offers a portray of the Polish state poised in the mid-twelfth century between the East and the West, i.e., Rus, fragmented into principalities, and two mighty powers of medieval Europe, the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy, respectively.

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