- Year of publication: 2017
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-8
- DOI Address: -
The author engages in polemics with the thesis that the Act of 5th November was a breakthrough in Poland’s efforts to regain its statehood. However, this declaration of establishment of the Polish state made by the governments in Berlin and Vienna and the Western powers (France and Great Britain) were not able to force Russia to acknowledge Poland’s independence. There was no such need as the other countries wanted Russia to forge an alliance as part of the Triple Entente.
World War I the February Revolution in Russia the Polish cause A declaration of two emperors of 5th November 1916 Rewolucja Lutowa w Rosji pierwsza wojna światowa sprawa polska Manifest dwóch cesarzy z 5 listopada 1916 r.
The article discusses the German background of a declaration of Two Emperors of 5th November 1916. The author presents the interactions between the specific political centres in Germany which were a part of the decision-making with regard to the Polish cause. In the article, attention is drawn to the complexity of the process and the lack of unity between the German and Prussian decision makers.
This article is an attempt at presenting the reception of the so-called Act of 5th November 1916 in the Prussian Partition. The author has focused primarily on how this political declaration was perceived by the Polish political elites in the Poznań province.
This article discusses the reaction of the Russian press to the information about the Act of 5th November of 1916 proclaimed by Germany and Austria-Hungary with regard to the independence of Poland together with the response of Russians and Poles alike.
This publication is dedicated to the response of Poles living in Russia during WWI to the Act of 5th November declared by Germany and Austria-Hungary. An analysis has been carried out on articles written by journalists and primarily democratic as well as national-democratic politicians in selected Polish newspapers published in Russia during WWI.
The outbreak of WWI offered hope to Poles from Eastern Europe’s Galicia that the so-called Austria-Poland solution would ensue. In the face of military and political weakness of Austria-Hungary, the idea failed to take root. The proclamation of the Act of 5th November 1916 indicated that the Polish state would be reconstructed under the auspices of the Second Reich. This arouse resentment among Poles living in Galicia who had hoped to be united with their compatriots in the Kingdom of Poland.
This article presents the opinions of Stanisław Koźmian (1836-1822) on the way in which the Polish cause was resolved during WWI until the Act of 5th November. According to Koźmian, the best solution was the Austrian-Polish concept revolving around incorporating the Kingdom of Poland to the Habsburg monarchy.
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