Author: Karol Łukowski
E-mail: karol.lukowski123@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3057-792X
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 211-225
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.12
PDF: kie/133/kie13312.pdf

Streszczenie:

Social prevention as an activity to intensify mental resilience

Preventive activities prevent emerging social problems, using various methods and tools for work. This article will introduce the idea of conducting social prevention using paintball and survival, as tools for therapeutic work. Social prevention based on the elements of survival has the nature of recreational activities that prepare participants to take action in difficult conditions and to look for ways to deal with their own weaknesses. In research on strengthening mental resilience, I adopt the concept of grounded theory, based on interviews and participant observation. Social prophylaxis with elements of paintball and the art of survival has features that strengthen mental resilience, teach self-confidence and persistence. Movement prophylaxis uses human potential, energy, and verve to make the best use of these elements in the practical experience of life. Physical activity causes positive changes in human functioning and teaches how to react to difficult situations. The aim of the article is to provide research knowledge on the strength of mental resilience from paintball players who organize preventive measures. The developed materials will be used to build an alternative vision of spending free time for children, adolescents, and their parents.

mental resilience intensification Activity social prevention psychiczna odporność intensyfikacja działalność społeczna profilaktyka

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Author: Małgorzata Anna Kuśpit
E-mail: malgorzata.kuspit@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4812-2571
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 226-242
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.13
PDF: kie/133/kie13313.pdf

Streszczenie:

The creative attitude of employees of the organization and their hope for success

The article analyses the relationship between the creative attitude of the employees of the organization and their hope for success. 20 people holding managerial and executive positions in organizations of a service and production profile in south-eastern Poland participated in the study. There were 66 women and 54 men among the respondents. The research used the Creative Behaviour Questionnaire - KANH (Bernacka, Popek, Gierczyk, 2016) and the Questionnaire of Hope-KNS (Łaguna, Trzebiński, Zięba, 2005). The research results obtained indicate the existence of positive relationships between the creative attitude and its dimensions: conformity - non-conformity, algorithmic-heuristic behaviour and the general level of hope for success and its components: willpower and the ability to find solutions. Hope for success manifests itself in thought processes and concrete action. Therefore, in new surprising situations, creative people do not give up, but overcome obstacles in the pursuit of the desired goal, are characterized by the ability to look for solutions. The study results may be important for increasing the effectiveness of activities in the organization, especially in the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic.

willpower ability to find solutions heuristic behaviour nonconformity hope for success creative attitude umiejętność znajdowania rozwiązań siła woli zachowania heurystyczne nonkonformizm nadzieja na sukces postawa twórcza

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Author: Daniel Dariusz Mider
E-mail: d.mider@uw.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2223-5997
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 243-258
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.14
PDF: kie/133/kie13314.pdf

Streszczenie:

Art and science of creating a questionnaires in quantitative research. New reality and new challenges

The text enriches the theoretical reflection on the standardization of measurement tools in the methodology of social sciences. The need for this text is also, to some extent, didactic and organizing the reflection so far. This article presents the original concept of analyzing questionnaire questions on three following levels: content-related, logical, and psychological. The substantive / content-related level refers to the division according to the way of construction - structure, format - questions and/or answers. On the other hand, the logical plane is a division according to the functions given questions or groups of questions fulfilled in a broader context, i.e. concerning the whole questionnaire. The psychological plane was distinguished due to the intended or unintended but unavoidable emotional reactions evoked by the respondent). In the last part of the text, a reflection on the most common errors in research tools is presented and recommendations for avoiding them are formulated.

methodology questionnaire standardization survey research kwestionariusz of measurement tools quantitative research badania sondażowe standaryzacja narzędzi badawczych badania ilościowe metodologia

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 5-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/134/kie134toc.pdf

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPIS TREŚCI

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 5-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/132/kie132toc.pdf

Streszczenie:

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPIS TREŚCI

kie kultura i edukacja

Author: Emilia Żyłkiewicz-Płońska
E-mail: e.zylkiewicz-plonska@uwb.edu.pl
Institution: University of Bialystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7864-4821
Author: Justyna Pilarska
E-mail: justyna.pilarska@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Wroclaw
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5646-597X
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 7-10
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/134/kie13400.pdf

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Author: Christoph Wulf
E-mail: chrwulf@zedat.fu-berlin.de
Institution: Freie Universität Berlin
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 13-24
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.01
PDF: kie/134/kie13401.pdf

Streszczenie:

The upcoming transformations of today’s societies into sustainable societies pose numerous problems. To avoid the destruction of the foundations of life in the Anthropocene, a profound social and cultural transformation encompassing all areas of life is required. To know how this can be accomplished requires extensive research and knowledge, the reliability of which plays an important role. The more open and diverse the global world becomes, the more difficult it is to determine which facts are important and what consequences can be drawn from them for human action. Instead of a reflexive approach to the results of scientific research, today one often encounters a populist approach to science. Its results are used to support preconceived opinions. One is not interested in new findings but aims at the disparagement of people of other opinions and their hateful insult. A destructive division of society is the result of the debates that are so important for the future of humanity.

Anthropocene sustainability globalization facts truth Populism grand narrative utopia

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Author: Irena Dychawy Rosner
E-mail: irena.dychawy.rosner@mau.se
Institution: Malmö University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0619-5326
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 25-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.02
PDF: kie/134/kie13402.pdf

Streszczenie:

There is a growing academic tradition of employing strategies of reflective skills in social work education. Social professions are often dealing with the problems of vulnerability and complexity that exist when encountering clients’ needs. This article arises from the experiences of the author in providing reflective learning to health and social work students in Sweden. This study opens with evoking the concept of knowing and learning. It explores and discusses the epistemological basis of reflective learning to facilitate students’ knowledge creation, clinical reasoning and reflective learning in front-on planning interventions. Further, the study present an example of a reflection scheme matrix applied in the social work and social pedagogy bachelor educational programs at Malmö University to support student’s reflective learning and information gathering while planning social interventions for service receivers. During their reflective reasoning, students are supported in their process of reflection to gain control of the unsorted information and shape a base for their own internal experience while analysing the client’s situation. This article concludes with commentary about reflective learning potential including making sense of real professional situations, meaningful engagements and how to prepare students for professional operationalisation in complex, unpredictable situations.

health and society teaching in higher education challenge-based learning (CBL) social work education students learning

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Author: Arjan Shahini
E-mail: arjan.shahini@gmail.com
Institution: Martin Luther Universität Halle-Wittenberg
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2458-4664
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 40-70
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.03
PDF: kie/134/kie13403.pdf

Streszczenie:

The study analyzes student, school and district level inequalities of Albanian education system as evidenced in two large-scale assessments. Two main datasets were used for this study, PISA 2018 and the Albanian State Matura Exam 2017. Due to the limited availability of data, the study could only consider a small number of dependent variables at the individual, school, and district level. Utilizing a multilevel analysis, the study observes considerable differences among schools and districts in all three PISA domains and the State Matura Exam. The results were inconclusive regarding shortages of resources at the school and district level. Staff shortage was associated with academic performance in the PISA 2018 dataset, but no statistical association could be identified with the lack of school resources. The analysis of the district financial resources did not show any significant relationship between spending and school performance in the Albanian State Matura Exam. Gender disparities were present in both datasets. Socioeconomic factors, which were measured only in the PISA dataset, had an effect on the student’ achievement.

PISA large-scale assessment Albanian education system school effectiveness research Albanian State Matura Exam

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Author: Maria Deptuła
E-mail: deptula.maria1@gmail.com
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3888-7623
Author: Szymon Borsich
E-mail: sz.borsich@gmail.com
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9635-7087
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 71-88
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.04
PDF: kie/134/kie13404.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article presents the results of empirical research, conducted according to quantitative strategy, on the significance for the level of school helplessness of the conditions of psychosocial development created for pupils in their fifth year of learning in primary school in relationships with teachers and peers and in relation to the grades received in Polish language and math classes throughout the school year. The regression analysis indicated that relationships with teachers exert the stronger impact on the level of helplessness, followed by school grades, and relationships with peers. The teacher can influence each of these factors. This means that the chances that pupils have of fulfilling the developmental task for the age of 7 to 12, in accordance with Erik H. Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development, are largely dependent on the teacher. Not only the successes in subsequent life stages but also the motivation to learn, creativity, flexibility of thinking and acting, persistence, and the emotions accompanying pupils while learning are dependent on a sense of competence. The care and attention of teachers given to ensure that every pupil can develop their competences and sense of agency according to their potential is in the interests of pupils, teachers, and society alike.

relationships with teachers middle school age sense of competence relationships with peers school helplessness school grades

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