Author: Kinga Konieczny-Pizoń
E-mail: k_konieczny@op.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6203-8651
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 169-184
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.10
PDF: kie/131/kie13110.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the article, I focus on the elements of school’s culture, which is present in the narrative of the child’s student, embedding my reflections in the psychocultural approach to education (J.S. Bruner) and the Goffman’s model of total institutions. The collision of the child’s world, created by the culture of the family environment with the culture of the school, brings with it many tensions and imperatives for the constant reconstruction of meanings so far (un) present in his biographical experience. The analysis and interpretation of the child’s narrative interview in a constructivist approach has allowed to gather knowledge about patterns of behavior, prohibitions, precepts, expectations and values that the school culture overtly or covertly imposes on the child, socializing him/her into the role of a student. The cultural aspects taken up in the child’s narrative show what elements of the school’s cultural world represent opportunities and threats for the development of his or her identity and personality towards a sense of causality and values.

identity upbringing socialization student child total school culture school culture tożsamość wychowanie socjalizacja uczeń dziecko totalna kultura szkoły kultura szkoły

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Author: Marta Mirosława Perkowska
E-mail: marta.perkowska@uwb.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2856-9800
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 185-203
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.11
PDF: kie/131/kie13111.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article explores the relationship between the attitudes of the respondents towards transplantation and their sense of coherence. The presented results were obtained through the statistical analysis of data collected in a group of 467 students. The study used a self-designed questionnaire and scale to study attitudes of academic youth towards transplantation alongside Antonovsky’s Orientation to Life Questionnaire (SOC-29). The results obtained prove that there is no correlation that would justify the conclusion that the sense of coherence of the respondents has a statistically significant connection with their attitude towards transplantation. However, the sense of coherence positively correlates with one of the components of the attitude towards transplantation. This concerns the level of Knowledge, which means that people with a high sense of coherence are significantly more likely to have a higher level of Knowledge related to transplantation. The data confirmed the existence of a correlation between the level of knowledge of the respondents related to the issue of transplantation and all the components constituting a sense of coherence, i.e. a manageability, meaningfulness and comprehensibility. Conclusions formulated on the basis of the obtained results point to the necessity of taking up a contemporary pedagogical challenge, which is health education aimed at shaping social attitudes towards transplantation. An additional recommendation is to enrich educational programs with activities the goal of which is to create a high sense of coherence in their recipients, which, by definition, should have pro-health consequences for a wide group of beneficiaries.

academic youth coherence attitude transplantation health education młodzież akademicka koherencja postawa transplantacje edukacja zdrowotna

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Author: Urszula Klajmon-Lech
E-mail: urszula.klajmon-lech@us.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4195-2094
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 204-218
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.12
PDF: kie/131/kie13112.pdf

Streszczenie:

In this article, I present the topic of work on the feelings undertaken by doctors and medical staff towards a child with a rare disease and its immediate family. I refer to the sociological concept of the trajectory of the disease. I used the method of the narrative interview in terms of Frütz Schitze. In the last part of the article, I present the results of research carried out with the mother of the sick person. The respondent presents cooperation with specialists in a negative light. Both doctors and nurses do not undertake interactional work of the patient and his relatives, nor do they trustt work in them and biographical work. Such work is of great importance in the treatment of the child and in the process of supporting his relatives. Actions taken by specialists affect the life of the patient and his family not only in terms of physical health. They are also about the well-being of the family, its emotional resources. The result of evident mistakes in these actions is the fact that the mother of the sick child does not work through a difficult biographical experience.

biography work on the feelings the trajectory work family child rare disease biografia praca nad odczuciami praca nad trajektorią rodzina dziecko rzadka choroba

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Author: Jolanta Ambrożewicz
E-mail: jolanta.amb@poczta.fm
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4801-7755
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 219-236
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.13
PDF: kie/131/kie13113.pdf

Streszczenie:

The COVID-19 pandemic has taken the whole world by surprise and has affected all sections of society. One of them are entrepreneurs whose crisis affects themselves, the people they employ, and the economy in general. The article presents how entrepreneurs use their resources in the form of social contacts, coping with the difficulties of the crisis. It also presents the role of business organizations and the relationships they create in the face of a pandemic. How drawing support from relationships that were established against the backdrop of community activity has proved to be of great importance in the face of the pandemic. The publication discusses such issues as: the features of the crisis, the role of the organization in supporting entrepreneurs, the influence of relations on coping with the crisis, and manifestations of trust in a group. The results of the research collected qualitatively in the form of the participants’ written statements show how, in times of a pandemic, they show the sense of support obtained from people in a similar situation. They present what makes entrepreneurs, despite the difficulties related to the crisis, not only able to protect themselves against collapse, but also to develop their companies?

trust social capital business organizations crisis situations organizacje biznesowe sytuacje kryzysowe kapitał społeczny zaufanie relacje

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Author: Małgorzata Elżbieta Krawczyk-Blicharska
E-mail: mkrawczyk@ujk.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7526-8306
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 237-253
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.14
PDF: kie/131/kie13114.pdf

Streszczenie:

A contemporary human being expands and uses their individual abilities to update, deepen and enrich the potential of knowledge, skills and competences in order to adapt to the changing social living space. The tasks imposed by the contemporary society necessitate creation and fulfillment of an individual who learns to live and is able to develop in the individual and collective dimension by professionalisation and use of their own competence potential. The contemporary civilisational tasks are not based on preparing individuals for the existing society but on providing stimuli enabling every human being, by using their competence potential, to understand the surrounding world, to create it, to be its actual participant and recipient, and to feel responsible for it now and in the future.

człowiek społeczeństwo kompetencje profesjonalizacja rozwój jednostki human society competences professionalization individual development

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Author: Joanna Wanda Kozielska
E-mail: askowr@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Polska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2319-9644
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 254-274
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.15
PDF: kie/131/kie13115.pdf

Streszczenie:

Drawing inspiration from the research of C. Timoszyk-Tomczak (2003), who, analyzing the strategies and styles of constructing the future (realistic, authority, coercion, wishful thinking, expectations and carpe diem), drew attention to their diversity, which is a consequence of, among others, the context for whom the „constructor” lives, the multitude of his experiences and the range of possibilities to choose from, it was decided to examine the declarations of primary school youth on the planning strategies they choose. Students were asked to choose 2 descriptions that best explicate their current situation, assuming that young people can use several strategies simultaneously, creating their hybrids to various contexts of youthful functioning and areas under consideration. Students opting for any of the options provided information about their preferred style of action in terms of designing the future and making significant life decisions, also taking into account their temporative aspect. Which of the strategies for constructing the future they lean towards in their career endeavors - may be a determinant of their sense of professional satisfaction and a sense of achieving professional success versus its lack.

secondary school primary school educational and career choices strategies for constructing plans career counseling youth szkoła ponadpodstawowa szkoła podstawowa poradnictwo zawodowe wybory edukacyjno-zawodowe strategie konstruowania planów młodzież

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