Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 5-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: kie/132/kie132toc.pdf

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SPIS TREŚCI

kie kultura i edukacja

Author: Katarzyna Segiet
E-mail: ksegiet@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3044-1814
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 9-24
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.01
PDF: kie/132/kie13201.pdf

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The author addresses cognitively important issues concerning values and activities conducive to their development in the family, which is the basic factor in shaping the personality of a child. We are living in the times of globalization, when the importance of family and values passed on by it are being underestimated in various ways. Globalization has caused an enormous confusion of values. The old, traditional values are often outdated, while the new, incomprehensible ones, interfere with the process of upbringing. Additionally, relativism dominating the society has become the basis for blurring the boundaries between what is moral and what is immoral. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the special role of values in the process of upbringing and to stimulate actions supporting the family through education and prevention. The above considerations lead to the conclusion that the family is an important value in the life of a child. It constitutes their most important environment for development and upbringing. Nevertheless, it requires help and support from the state. But above all, we cannot just be passive witnesses of our children’s development these days.

family Education prevention happiness values, upbringing

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Author: Małgorzata Skowrońska
E-mail: malskow@gmail.com
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4882-1620
Author: Urszula Abłażewicz-Górnicka
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4261-9093
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 25-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.02
PDF: kie/132/kie13202.pdf

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The article presents an analysis of the transformations in private space and spatial practices manifested by students in connection with long-term online university education during the COVID-19 pandemic. The text includes a presentation of the results of a series of four focus group interviews carried out in 2021 via Zoom platform with students drawn from a few Polish colleges. The research sample was diversified in terms of gender, field of study, type of college, and mode of study. The research suggests key dimensions shaping the experience of remote university study: the spatial dimension, technological dimension and the organisational-educational dimension. Four basic kinds of student experiences are presented as well. The analyses also include a description of spatial practices such as: changing or adapting space for remote university education, negotiating spatial boundaries and attempts to ameliorate conflicts resulting from the interaction of diverse social roles and institutional orders in the same domestic space.

spatial practices private space remote education university students

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Author: Małgorzata Skowrońska
E-mail: m.kowalski@ipp.uz.zgora.pl
Institution: University of Zielona Góra
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2960-8258
Author: Urszula Abłażewicz-Górnicka
Institution: Pedagogical University of Kraków
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5819-1557
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 40-49
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.03
PDF: kie/132/kie13203.pdf

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According to official statistics, older people are particularly vulnerable to severe illness. Especially those who suffer from frail health are more likely to have deadly coronavirus infection than other age groups. For sure, age and preexisting medical conditions are significant indicators of vulnerability risk to severe infection, but old age interact with many other factors that may render the elderly at risk. The important implication is that the options available to older people are contingent upon inequalities. Some of them will eventually face common difficulties later in life, while others will face the same problems but do it alone with few resources. In other words, aging itself is a stratified process. Disease impacts are not random, nor are the burdens of disease carried equally by all members of affected populations. The consequences of the disease most often heavily affect those who are in a socially vulnerable position.

Poland seniors social connectedness inequality COVID-19

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Author: Paulina Peret-Drążewska
E-mail: pperet@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9228-4009
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 50-61
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.04
PDF: kie/132/kie13204.pdf

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The self-creation of modern youth in the world of permanent change is closely related to the existing socio-cultural conditions and the psychosocial condition resulting from the experienced developmental stage. The changeability and relativity of the reality in which young people exist affects the process of searching for their “I”, which becomes more and more undefined, requiring constant updating, and changing. Therefore, it becomes necessary to undertake analyses of identity formation as the main developmental task of the youth period, with particular emphasis on the current socio-cultural reality, which is not insignificant for this process. The article presents the results of scientific research on the subjective aspect of the sense of identity of contemporary high school youth (out of the general population the author selected a population of 439 students of secondary schools, aged 15-19, located in the territory of the Wielkopolskie [Greater Poland] Voivodeship in Poland, random selection) measured by the TST (Twenty Statements Test). The presented results of research on the subjective aspect of the sense of identity of secondary school youth reveal an image of this age group as one that is still searching for its own identity core, and undergoing the process of implementation of developmental tasks belonging to the stage of adolescence. The analyses of the research results show the specificity of the process of shaping identity by young people in modern conditions. This issue is the main goal of the research presented in the article.

contemporary times secondary school identity youth Education

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Author: Barbara Grzyb
E-mail: Barbara.Grzyb@polsl.pl
Institution: Silesian University of Technology
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3649-4068
Author: Monika Bożena Morgała
Institution: Silesian University of Technology
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6856-9111
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 62-79
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.05
PDF: kie/132/kie13205.pdf

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The article discusses institutions providing support and aid to people with disabilities and their families. The theoretical determinants of the aid process were discussed in the context of the possible forecasting of strategies for these interactions within the functioning of public, non-governmental and private institutions (without budgetary subsidies). The important area highlighted in the paper was not only disability and the family’s needs but also the nature of a possible support which should depend on a forecast of actions resulting out of the nature and grade of person’s disability. In turn, the scope of proposed solutions should comprise of a package of offers dependent on the grade and nature of person’s disability and should lead to their life and economic independence. However, this requires a tripartite social dialogue, good will, and understanding of each person requiring a long-term support and aid. This article ends with a short conclusion highlighting the need for immediate actions for starting a social dialogue in order to establish a tri-sectoral aid, and within its scope, a reasonable forecast of the needs of the child with disabilities.

family disability Support aid forecasting

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Author: Urszula Wróblewska
E-mail: uwroblewska@wp.pl
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3585-3903
Author: Magdalena Choińska-Kieżel
E-mail: m.choinska.kiezel@gmail.com
Institution: Private kindergarten “To Tu”
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 80-95
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.06
PDF: kie/132/kie13206.pdf

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The aim of the article is to show the stages of the development of pre-school education in Poland in the 20th century, which set the directions for further changes in the pre-school area. The article was prepared on the basis of available historical sources in the form of specialist press, guides, and methodological manuals, as well as analysis of the literature on the subject. The work identifies and distinguishes innovative views and methods in the field of former pre-school education, which may constitute a form of contemporary pedagogical inspiration. The aim of this article consciously combines two important aspects, i.e., acquiring historical knowledge and its modern applications. The text discusses the history of pre-school education in Poland in the 20th century and shows its reminiscences in contemporary social and educational space. The text is an attempt to show the importance of pre-school education in the modern system, and drawing the reader’s attention to the achievements of Polish preschool education in the context of changes and needs of society in the area of care for pre-school children. The article is not an exhaustive study, but rather a contribution to considerations in this area.

Poland pedagogy kindergarten trends pre-school education innovations 20th century inspirations

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Author: Paweł Topol
E-mail: topol@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9810-7214
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 96-111
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.07
PDF: kie/132/kie13207.pdf

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The main goal of the text is to collect conclusions from the experiences of educators and researchers with regard to various aspects of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions were collected on the basis of the author’s own experience and the selected source literature. The article consists of two parts: “Conclusions from Polish literature” and “Conclusions from foreign literature”. As the article presents mainly the Polish perspective, the first part is significantly longer than the second one. Part One deals with such issues as: the model of distance learning, the time of pandemic as a crisis situation, priorities in distance education in conditions of isolation, the issue of isolation, and some principles of assessment, among others. The university e-learning platform was also discussed as an example. Part Two addresses such issues as: seven lessons from the pandemic, effectiveness of online testing, psychological aspects regarding a student and a teacher, and augmented reality in distance education during COVID-19.

online applications teaching methods e-learning virtual education COVID-19 distance education

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Author: Agnieszka Gabryś
E-mail: gabrysagnieszka@wp.pl
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8502-7119
Author: Magdalena Boczkowska
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3435-8193
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 115-130
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.08
PDF: kie/132/kie13208.pdf

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Coronavirus epidemic (COVID-19) poses a significant challenge for the society. One of such social groups are academic teachers. The aim of this study is to become acquainted with the perceived difficulties of Polish academic teachers connected with the COVID-19 pandemic and to assess the importance of resilience in perceiving these difficulties. One hundred and one (n = 101) Polish academic teachers completed the Scale of Perceived Difficulties Associated with the COVID-19 Pandemic SOTCov19 (NA) and the Resilience Assessment Scale SPP-25. The descriptive statistics, correlation analysis (Pearson’s correlations coefficient), and progressive stepwise regression analysis were used. The study shows that Polish academic teachers experience the greatest difficulties in three areas: recreational and cultural aspect, health and care aspects, and remote working - online lessons. A significant correlation between included variables was obtained. It is also well worth mentioning that the two subscales of resilience - tolerance for failure and treating life as a challenge, and personal competence to deal with and tolerance of negative emotions - entail a predictive function in explaining the perceived difficulties, however the percentage of variance is low, unlike expected.

resilience teachers Polish academic higher education COVID-19 pandemic COVID-19 difficulties

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Author: Marcin Kolemba
E-mail: m.kolemba@uwb.edu.pl
Institution: University of Białystok
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9884-8672
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 131-143
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.09
PDF: kie/132/kie13209.pdf

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The article presents the results of research carried out during the first wave of restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The research covered students of high schools - 275 students of schools from Białystok and Bielsk Podlaski, ages 16-19. The goal of the study was to investigate the relationship of the grit factor with the functioning of young people in a specific situation - remote learning, combined with additional, burdensome limitations in the public space. The sphere of learning and physical activity were the main areas of functioning that were researched in the study. The study used an original, author’s questionnaire to measure the functioning of young people during the COVID-19 pandemic. Besides this scale, also used were the Duckworth Short Grit Scale (SGS) (Polish adaptation by Wyszyńska et al., 2017) and the Cantril mental well-being scale (Cantril, 1965). The study displayed positive relationships between grit and the amount of time devoted to learning in remote mode, with regularity in maintaining the rhythm of the day (getting up at a similar time, taking up physical activity) and mental well-being.

grit youth functioning remote learning pandemic COVID-19

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