Author: Maciej Kaźmierczak
Institution: Politechnika Śląska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4382-1602
Author: Arkadiusz Kolka
Institution: Politechnika Śląska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5713-4670
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 184-198
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.10
PDF: kie/133/kie13310.pdf

Streszczenie:

Teaching the metrology of geometric quantities during a pandemic – analysis of learning possibilities and effects

The article presents the issues related to the learning of technical subjects within distance learning. The author started by outlining the scope of regulations in force at technical universities and introduced by the Rector for the duration of the pandemic. Their aim was to standardize the methods of education as well as the rules of organizing credits and examinations remotely. Examples of learning outcomes necessary to be achieved by students as a result of completing the metrology course are also presented. They were divided into three groups: knowledge, skills and competences, emphasizing unequivocally the effects that in the case of only the remote form of education may be difficult to achieve by the participants of the above-mentioned course. Then, the applied forms of teaching metrology were presented, emphasizing their usefulness and paying attention to the risks in the context of the content transmitted in a remote form. The last part of the article contains a summary of the results obtained by students of two different faculties in the last five years. The analyzed period of time covered the four years before the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, and the last year where education and credits were conducted remotely.

Education measurement pandemic metrology of geometric quantities metrology pomiar pandemia edukacja metrologia wielkości geometrycznych metrologia

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Author: Justyna Kłobukowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4963-4237
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 199-210
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.11
PDF: kie/133/kie13311.pdf

Streszczenie:

Accounting Education in times of the COVID-19 pandemic – virtual teaching and implications for the future

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly accelerated the transformation of education from a traditional to a virtual model. The aim of this study is to present the most important didactic challenges faced by accounting lecturers during the pandemic. On their basis, the problem of teaching methods and the substantive scope in accounting education in the future was analyzed. The basic research methods used are literature studies, as well as formulating conclusions on the basis of the deduction and synthesis methods. The first pandemic experiences in accounting education were intensive work on rethinking and redesigning the in many cases exclusively traditional blackboard education for the use of e-learning. The rebuilding and updating of teaching materials, combined with technical problems, was very time consuming. In accounting education, new methods such as flipped learning, microlearning, crowdlearning have been introduced. In addition to discussing modern methods of education, the article highlights the need to supplement or extend the substantive scope with issues related to online accounting services and cybersecurity in accounting offices. An additional challenge is to ensure an adequate level of education in the times of growing challenges related to reporting sustainable development by economic entities.

non-financial information integrated reporting e-accounting online learning Education accounting informacje niefinansowe zintegrowane raportowanie e-księgowość nauczanie zdalne edukacja rachunkowość

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Author: Karol Łukowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3057-792X
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 211-225
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.12
PDF: kie/133/kie13312.pdf

Streszczenie:

Social prevention as an activity to intensify mental resilience

Preventive activities prevent emerging social problems, using various methods and tools for work. This article will introduce the idea of conducting social prevention using paintball and survival, as tools for therapeutic work. Social prevention based on the elements of survival has the nature of recreational activities that prepare participants to take action in difficult conditions and to look for ways to deal with their own weaknesses. In research on strengthening mental resilience, I adopt the concept of grounded theory, based on interviews and participant observation. Social prophylaxis with elements of paintball and the art of survival has features that strengthen mental resilience, teach self-confidence and persistence. Movement prophylaxis uses human potential, energy, and verve to make the best use of these elements in the practical experience of life. Physical activity causes positive changes in human functioning and teaches how to react to difficult situations. The aim of the article is to provide research knowledge on the strength of mental resilience from paintball players who organize preventive measures. The developed materials will be used to build an alternative vision of spending free time for children, adolescents, and their parents.

mental resilience intensification Activity social prevention psychiczna odporność intensyfikacja działalność społeczna profilaktyka

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Author: Małgorzata Anna Kuśpit
Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4812-2571
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 226-242
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.13
PDF: kie/133/kie13313.pdf

Streszczenie:

The creative attitude of employees of the organization and their hope for success

The article analyses the relationship between the creative attitude of the employees of the organization and their hope for success. 20 people holding managerial and executive positions in organizations of a service and production profile in south-eastern Poland participated in the study. There were 66 women and 54 men among the respondents. The research used the Creative Behaviour Questionnaire - KANH (Bernacka, Popek, Gierczyk, 2016) and the Questionnaire of Hope-KNS (Łaguna, Trzebiński, Zięba, 2005). The research results obtained indicate the existence of positive relationships between the creative attitude and its dimensions: conformity - non-conformity, algorithmic-heuristic behaviour and the general level of hope for success and its components: willpower and the ability to find solutions. Hope for success manifests itself in thought processes and concrete action. Therefore, in new surprising situations, creative people do not give up, but overcome obstacles in the pursuit of the desired goal, are characterized by the ability to look for solutions. The study results may be important for increasing the effectiveness of activities in the organization, especially in the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic.

willpower ability to find solutions heuristic behaviour nonconformity hope for success creative attitude umiejętność znajdowania rozwiązań siła woli zachowania heurystyczne nonkonformizm nadzieja na sukces postawa twórcza

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Author: Daniel Dariusz Mider
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2223-5997
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 243-258
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.14
PDF: kie/133/kie13314.pdf

Streszczenie:

Art and science of creating a questionnaires in quantitative research. New reality and new challenges

The text enriches the theoretical reflection on the standardization of measurement tools in the methodology of social sciences. The need for this text is also, to some extent, didactic and organizing the reflection so far. This article presents the original concept of analyzing questionnaire questions on three following levels: content-related, logical, and psychological. The substantive / content-related level refers to the division according to the way of construction - structure, format - questions and/or answers. On the other hand, the logical plane is a division according to the functions given questions or groups of questions fulfilled in a broader context, i.e. concerning the whole questionnaire. The psychological plane was distinguished due to the intended or unintended but unavoidable emotional reactions evoked by the respondent). In the last part of the text, a reflection on the most common errors in research tools is presented and recommendations for avoiding them are formulated.

methodology questionnaire standardization survey research kwestionariusz of measurement tools quantitative research badania sondażowe standaryzacja narzędzi badawczych badania ilościowe metodologia

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