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Author: Jacek Romanek
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 55-74
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200505
PDF: ksm/09/ksm200505.pdf

The aim of this article is to present the basic tasks of the mass paramilitarian organizations within the Soviet political system.The mass organisations were very important in the totalitarian Soviet state. Ideas generated by the Party come to the masses by the mass organizations. They were involved in all propaganda campaigns initiated by the Party. These organizations were the trade unions, the cooperatives, the youth organizations such as the "Komsomol" or paramilitarian organization the "Osoawjachim”.  The "Osoawjachim" was designed in 1926 for youth between the ages fifeteen and eighteen. It served as a recruiment and training agency for the Red Army. The Osoaivjachim” had a particular task such as acquainting people with flying and parachuting or helping the navy.  According to the Soviet propaganda the "Osoawjachim" involved a large per- centage of the Soviet population in its work; it is estimated that 3 percent of the Soviet society belonged. The growth of the "Osoawjachim” was impresissive; it is estimated that from 1927 to l931the organization increased its membership three- fold - from 3 000 000 to 9 000 000. The percentage of women fluctuated - in 1935 it was 25 percent.

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