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Author: Piotr Długosz
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 157-172
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200711
PDF: ksm/11/ksm200711.pdf

Abstract:

The article presents the survey results on life orientations of the borderland youth. Private and stabilising orientation is dominating among the youth. The surveyed youth is familiocentric. Secondary school graduates claim that education may be useful to make success. Th e youth have high educational aspirations, the of them is going to study at a higher school. State humanities universities are mainly chosen. The majority of the surveyed is eager to graduate from master studies. After finishing education, 15% of the graduates is intended to go abroad. They are willing to work for a state company or set up their own businesses. Women would like to be a teacher, manager or assistant. Men want to seek their career in uniformed services and management. They are looking for well paid jobs, self-development opportunities and employment security. The youth have modern personality qualities, they are optimistic, are not afraid of risk, have individual inclinations. They are the potential for social change and may be used for modernisation of the region.

Author: Wioletta Knapik
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 173-188
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200712
PDF: ksm/11/ksm200712.pdf

Abstract:

The article The social attitude evolution of country women presents the factors, conditions, which influence on the women`s attitude structure. The historical background reflects the specific of life in the past. A process of urbanization effects on transformation of polish country. Women preferences, in the field of spending free time, has changed. The social and domestic life functions are changing in comparison with industrialization and the higher level of education. The factor, which units old-time and present-day of polish country is the feeling moral responsibility of country women for continuing and keeping culture legacy.

Author: Ewa Kopera
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 189-201
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200713
PDF: ksm/11/ksm200713.pdf

Abstract:

The study presents the attempt for assessment of local autonomies activity in the absorption of European Union resources in the Podkarpackie Voivodeship. The state of the Integrated Regional Operational Programme realization and investment needs, which were indicated by autonomies have been presented in the Podkarpackie Voivodeship. Moreover barriers and problems connected with the use of European Union resources and the proposals of autonomies to solve them have been presented.

Author: Ewa Kuźma
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 202-218
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200714
PDF: ksm/11/ksm200714.pdf

Abstract:

The article describes the post-war reconstruction of the system of agricultural education at the primary and secondary level as well as organisation of vocational courses in the Lublin school district. All levels of education were made available to both young and adult learners. The article also contains a description of the organisational and legal transformation of the educational system starting from the national level and going down to the level of local communities (Polish: gmina). It is followed by a general discussion of changes in the curriculum which took place at the time. The presented system was intended to raise the qualifi cations of peants, however its primary aim was to recruit supporters for the new authorities and for the transormations in agriculture.

Author: Renata Mikitiuk
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 219-237
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200715
PDF: ksm/11/ksm200715.pdf

Abstract:

The Nazi’s discriminatory policy with regard to education and the lack of basic resources necessary for living made teachers organize clandestine teaching. At the beginning clandestine teaching had a spontaneous character, it was most often initiated by teachers and it lacked organization, i.e. the classes were conducted without any cooperation with the educational authorities, which were only starting to create the educational structure. The body which was responsible for creating the structure of clandestine education was the Polish Teachers’ Association. Creating the Department of Education and Culture of the National Branch of the Government of the Republic of Poland (DOiK), whose role was that of the Ministry of Education, was of great signifi cance for education. Th e creation and the activity of DOiK was to be a response to the liquidation by the Germans of Polish central and regional educational authorities. Th e underground activity was to counteract the policy of the Nazis towards education. Th e Management of the Department based their work on the activity of the organizational entities and members of the Clandestine Organisation of Teachers. Apart from qualified teachers, other professionals, such as: physicians, officers, lawyers, clerks, and also secondary school students of the higher grades, participated in clandestine teaching. The students conducted classes in the first grades of elementary schools. When the underground educational activity, in particular in connection with underground military activity, was spotted by the Nazis, the person involved was punished with imprisonment, sending to a concentration camp, and even death. Clandestine teaching was conducted on various levels and in various forms. In the article, the author attempts to present the forms and levels of clandestine teaching in the Lublin Region.

Author: Maria Liszka
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 238-259
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200716
PDF: ksm/11/ksm200716.pdf

Abstract:

The papers analyses the selected titles of local press published in Bochnia and its poviat area. In Bochnia whose inhabitants amount to thirty thousand, are the press of seven separate publications. The authoress selected two periodicals out of the seven. These were: „Ziemia Bocheńska” (Bochnia Region) and „Kronika Bocheńska” (Bochnia Chronicle). Both periodicals perform important functions in the local community including those of informational, integrating and stimulative ones as well as those related to control. In the opinion of the authoress it is mostly from the press that the citizens learn of the activities of local authorities and of various manifestations of social life. What the authoress also observes is the influcuce that the media have on local self – governmental authorities. She concludes that the local community used to compare the content of the press with the current developments and opinions on them. The history of local press in Bochnia dates back to the XIXth Century but its growth took place in the inter – war time (1918–1939). Following the democratic transformation of 1989 the Bochnia press became the conscious creator of local democracy and civic society. Th e press had its share encouraging social activities and became the plane upon which various views may be presented. It also is instrumental of exercising the control vis-a-vis local authorities.

Author: Wincenty Kołodziej
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 280-300
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200718
PDF: ksm/11/ksm200718.pdf

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