• facebook
Author: Anna Rudakowska
E-mail: 142036@mail.tku.edu.tw
Institution: Tamkang University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5107-5788
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 42-73
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202403
PDF: npw/24/npw2403.pdf

Taiwanese Attitudes toward the Political Newcomers in 2016

Taiwan’s Legislative Yuan (LY) is commonly seen as an institution comprised of career politicians. In fact, candidates without prior experience in elected seats of the island’s political structures are no strangers to the LY. Moreover, in the 2016 parliamentary elections, the political novices enjoyed unprecedented support and achieved relative success. The New Power Party (NPP), which only formed in early 2015 and popular mainly due to the several debutants it fielded, including Freddy Lim, Hung Tzu-yung and Huang Kuo-chang, emerged as the LY’s third-largest party. Although it garnered only five of the 113 seats (4.4%), it was a great win for the fledgling party, ranking it third behind the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which have reigned over the island’s political scene for the past several decades. This article examines the phenomenon of Taiwanese novices. It looks at them from the voters’ perspective. It surveys the demographic profiles and political preferences of Taiwanese who support the newcomers’ engagement in the political process, and compares them with citizens who express negative attitudes toward the newcomers.

Тайваньское отношение к политическим новичкам в 2016 году

Законодательный Юань Тайваня (LY) обычно рассматривается как институт, состоящий из профессиональных политиков. На самом деле, ему не чужды кандидаты без предшествующего опыта работы на выборных местах в политических структурах острова. Более того, на парламентских выборах 2016 года политические новички получили беспрецедентную поддержку и достигли относительных успехов. Партия «Новая сила» (NPP), образованная лишь в начале 2015 года и популярная в основном благодаря нескольким дебютантам на политической сцене, включая Фредди Лима, Хун Цзы-юнга и Хуан Го-чан, стала третьей по величине партией ЛЮ. Хотя она получила только пять из 113 мест (4,4%), это была отличная победа для молодой партии, которая заняла третье место после Гоминьдана (KMT) и Демократической прогрессивной партии (DPP), которые доминировали на политической сцене острова в течение последних нескольких десятилетий. В данной статье рассматривается феномен тайваньских новичков, которая рассматривает его с точки зрения избирателей. В ней анализируются демографические характеристики и политические предпочтения тайваньцев, поддерживающих участие новичков в политическом процессе, а также проводится их сравнение с гражданами, которые негативно относятся к дебютантам.

REFERENCES:

  • Barr, R.R. (2003). The Persistence of Neopopulism in Peru? From Fujimori to Toledo. Third World Quarterly, 24(6), 1161-1178.
  • Barr, R.R. (2009). Populists, Outsiders and Anti-Establishment Politics. Party Politics, 15(1), 29-48.
  • Batto, N.F. (2013). Partisan and Personal Voting in SNTV: A Mixed Logit Model. Journal of Electoral Studies, 12(1), 121-153.
  • Berry, J.M., Sobieraj, S. (2016). The Outrage Industry: Political Opinion Media and the New Incivility. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Biography: Wen-je Ko. Taipei City Government. (2016, February 22). Retrieved from: http://english.gov.taipei/ct.asp?xItem=93397293&CtNode=8509&mp=100002
  • Van der Blom, H. (2010). Cicero’s Role Models. The Political Strategy of Newcomer. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Boguszewski, R. (2015). Kim są wyborcy Pawła Kukiza? Komunikat z Badań CBOS [Who are Pawel Kukiz’ voters? The communication from the CBOS’ analysis], CBOS, 86, 1-15.
  • Bunker, K., Navia, P. (2013). Latin American Political Outsiders, Revisited: The Case of Marco Enríquez-Ominami in Chile, 2009. Journal of Politics in Latin America, 5(2), 3-35.
  • Canon, D.T. (1990). Actors, Athletes, and Astronauts. Political Amateurs in the United States Congress. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Copper, J.F. (1998). Taiwan’s mid-1990s Elections: Taking the Final Steps to Democracy. Westport: Praeger Publishers.
  • Cowley, P.P. (2012). Arise, Novice Leader! The Continuing Rise of the Career Politician in Britain. Politics, 32(1), 31-38.
  • Duch, R.M., Stevenson, R.T. (2008). The Economic Vote: How Political And Economic Institutions Condition Election Results. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dugas, J.C. (2003). The Emergence of Neopopulism in Colombia? The Case of Alaro Uribe. Third World Quarterly, 24(6), 1117-1136.
  • Ellner, S. (2003). The Contrasting Variants of the Populism of Hugo Chávez and Alberto Fujimori. Journal of Latin American Studies, 35(1), 139-162.
  • English Oxford Living Dictionaries, Oxford University Press. Retrieved from: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/newcomer
  • Fell, D. (2005). Measuring and Explaining Party Change in Taiwan: 1991-2004. Journal of East Asian Studies, 5(1), 105-133.
  • Fell, D. (2005). Party Politics in Taiwan. Party Change and the Democratic Evolution of Taiwan 1991-2004. London: Routledge.
  • Fell, D. (2014). Measuring and Explaining the Electoral Fortunes ffSmall Parties in Taiwan’s Party Politics. Issues & Studies, 50(1), 153-188.
  • Fell, D. (2016). Small Parties in Taiwan’s 2016 National Elections: A Limited Breakthrough? American Journal of Chinese Studies, 23(1), 41-58.
  • Ferguson, N. (2016). The Populism Bomb. The Trump Phenomenon Explained. Hoover Digest, 3, Summer, 22-27.
  • Hitlin, R.A., Jackson, J.S. (1977). On Amateur and Professional Politicians. The Journal of Politics, 39(3), 786-793.
  • Hu, Y.C. (2015, November 23). A Young Woman’s March towards the Legislative Yuan: Interview with Hung Tzu-Yung (Hong Ci-yong). New Bloom. Retrieved from: https://newbloommag.net/2015/11/23/hung-tzu-yung-eng/
  • Jamieson, K. (1984). Packaging the Presidency. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Jou, W. (2009). Electoral Reform and Party System Development in Japan and Taiwan: A Comparative Study, Asian Survey, 49(5), 759-785.
  • Kenney, C.D. (1998). Anti-politicians, Outsiders and Party Politics: New Conceptual Strategies and Empirical Evidence from Peru. Party Politics, 4(1), 57-75.
  • King, A. (2002). The Outsider as Political Leader: The Case of Margaret Thatcher. British Journal of Political Science, 32(3), 435-454.
  • Liao, D.C. (2010). Changes in Legislative Career Types and the Development Orientation of
  • Democracy: A Study of Taiwan’s Legislative Yuan from the Second Term to the Seventh Term (in Chinese). Soochow Journal of Political Science, 18(2), 49-96.
  • Mancini, P., Swanson, D (1996). Politics, Media, and Modern Democracy: Introduction. In: D. Swanson, P. Mancini (Eds). Politics, media, and modern democracy (1-26). New York: Praeger.
  • Marshall, P.D. (1997). Celebrity and Power: Fame in Contemporary Culture: U of Minnesota Press.
  • Merriam-Webster, Online Dictionary. Retrieved from: https://www.merriam-webster.com
  • Meyer, T., Hinchman, L.P. (2002). Media Democracy: How Media Colonize Politics. Cambridge: Polity.
  • Mutz, D.C. (2015). In-Your-Face Politics: The Consequences of Uncivil Media. Princeton:
  • Princeton University Press.Ostiguy, P., Roberts, K.M. (2016). Putting Trump in Comparative Perspective: Populism
  • and the politicization of the sociocultural low. Brown Journal of World Affairs, 23, 1.Roback, T.H. (1975). Amateurs and Professionals: Delegates to the 1972 Republican National Convention. The Journal of Politics, 37(2), 436-468.
  • Rudakowska, A., Trojnar, E. (2016). Who is a Political Newcomer? The Taiwanese Voters’ Perspective: 2016.
  • Hemispheres, 31(3), 68-78.Schafferer, C. (2003). The Power of the Ballot Box. Political Development and Election Campaigning in Taiwan. New York: Lexington.
  • Schedler, A. (1996). Anti-political Establishment Parties. Party Politics, 2(3), 291-312.
  • Schmidt, R., Alex-Assensoh, Y.M., Aoki, A.L., Hero, E.R. (2010) Newcomers, Outsiders, and Insiders. Immigrants and American Racial Politics in the Early Twenty-First Century. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Street, J. (2004). Celebrity Politicians: Popular Culture and Political Representation. The British journal of politics and international relations, 6(4), 435-452.
  • Thimsen, A.F. (2010). Populist Celebrity in the Election Campaigns of Jesse Ventura and Arnold Schwarzenegger, The Velvet Light Trap, (65), 44-57.
  • Tsai, C.H. (2016, March). Political Attitudes and Participation of Young Generation in the National and Local Elections. Paper presented at the Taiwan Symposium: Taiwan Elections in 2016 and Beyond, University of Texas at Dallas. Retrieved from: http://www.utdallas.edu/epps/tds/files/Chia-hung%20Tsai.pdf
  • Wen, L. (2015, February 25). NPP Nominates Political Novice. Taipei Times. Retrieved from: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2015/02/25/2003612201
  • Wilson, J.Q., Wilson, J.O. (1962). The Amateur Democrat: Club Politics in Three Cities (Vol. 223). University of Chicago Press.

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart