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Author: Isaac Scarborough
E-mail: isaac.scarborough@gmail.com
Institution: University of London Senate House, Great Britain
Author: Olga Brusina
E-mail: brusina@inbox.ru
Institution: Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Author: Shokhrat Kadyrov
E-mail: stepa54@mail.ru
Institution: Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 153-170
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016210
PDF: npw/11/npw2016210.pdf

Scientific paradigm changes are frequently accompanied by the reconsideration of central terms and ideas. This article demonstrates how this process is currently underway in Russian anthropological studies [narodovedenie] as part of a broader move away from ethnography to theoretical ethnology. The article also shows lines of succession and divergence between various paradigms currently dominant in Russian anthropology, including primordialism and constructivism, and presents the author’s vision of a definition of “ethnicity”, instruments needed to study ethnicities, the nature of “ethnicity,” the underlying axioms on which ethnicities are conceptualized. An initial attempt has been made in the article to outline the central positions that would provide for a principally new ethnological paradigm by way of a new definition of the phenomenon of ethnicity.

Смена парадигмы в науке сопровождается ревизией основных терминов и понятий. В статье показано, как этот процесс происходит в российских антропологических исследованиях, маркируя переход от этнографии описаний к теоретической этнологии. Показаны преемственность и различия между различными парадигмами, доминирующими в настоящее время в Российской этнологии, в том числе примордиализмом и конструктивизмом, а также авторами статьи выдвинута новая версия понимания этноса, инструментов его изучения, его природы, корневого постулата (аксиомы) этничности. Сделана попытка очертить основные контуры принципиально иной парадигмы этнологии через новое определение феномена этничности (этноса).

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