- Year of publication: 2020
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3
- DOI Address: -
An in-depth analysis of Leonard Szutkowski’s biographical documents shows that he was an outstanding patriot who devoted most of his professional life to the economic development of Poland. He was born into a landowning family, did his military service in the tsarist army, and escaped from Bolshevik captivity. In independent Poland, he did not continue his military career but worked in the state administration as an engineer responsible for road works. He continued his engineer’s work during the Polish-Bolshevik war. Later, he managed the quarries in Janowa Dolina in Volhynia and made them a model enterprise on a European scale. He paid the highest price for his attitude to life. Until now many aspects of his activity have been unknown. Only the archive search in Ukraine made it possible to gain knowledge about views and details of his socio-political activity. The research employed a biographical method based on the analysis of personal documents. Scientific studies on particular topics related to Leonard Szutkowski were also taken into account. The research was supplemented by an analysis of press materials from the period in question.
The article is an attempt to analyze two works by Jan Bobrzyński written at the end of World War Two and in the early period of Polish People’s Republic: Współczesne zadania socjalizmu (The Modern Tasks of Socialism) and Die grosse deutsche Lüge (The Great German Lie). The author compares the contents of the two writings with Bobrzyński’s views from before WWII. The question is pondered whether Jan Borzyński’s post-war choices, such as joining the Polish Socialist Party or fierce anti- Germanism, were the result of the evolution of his views, ideological disorientation, or simply opportunism manifested in adjusting his own beliefs to the needs of the moment?
This study outlines the challenges faced by authors who might undertake in the future the task of writing a full scholarly biography of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński. The author of this paper analyzes the state of research to date and evaluates the existing literature on the subject. The following two sections deal with challenges regarding source material and interpretive challenges in describing diverse areas of the life and scope of the Primate of the Millennium’s activities. The paper focuses on the period of Wyszyński’s service as a primate, as it seems that in-depth research on the earlier stages of Stefan Wyszyński’s life could be an arduous task to conduct.
socio-political reality social teaching research challenges rzeczywistość społeczno-polityczna nauczanie społeczne wyzwania badawcze primate Stefan Wyszynski prymas Stefan Wyszyński biografia biography
An in-depth analysis presented in this article concludes that the views and socio-political activities of Wacław Komarnicki were aimed at reasserting the Polish national interest and realizing the idea of the state of law associated with the rule of law. The analysis is based on archival and printed sources and selected literature on the subject. It required the use of appropriate research methods. The biographical method, in conjunction with the content analysis method, proved to be most helpful. Among the research techniques, the analysis of testimonies of political thought proved to be particularly useful.
The article is dedicated to the writer Bogdan Hamera (1911–1974) and his three works from the socialist realism period. The first, “Na przykład Plewa”, was a model example of a new type of literature that was promoted by the communists. Due to this success, he remained a significant figure in Polish literature in the first half of the 1950s. The article presents the significant moments in Hamera’s life. The most important elements of the books were presented, as well as their reception by the communist censorship. Attempts were made to answer the question of the author experiences’ influence on the shape of the works, their content and the importance of his role in the literature of socialist realism.
The aim of this article is to present the life and achievements of Stanislaw Lis-Kozlowski in exile, with particular emphasis on his contribution to Polish culture. The analysis is based on source texts, Argentinean polonica, prose memoirs of emigrants in Argentina, Polish emigrant journals, as well as other publications related to the life and activity of Lis-Kozlowski. An important source of information for this biography was the Argentine collection of the Library of the Poznan Society of the Friends of Science (in Polish: PTPN), the archival collection held in the Ignacy Domeyko Polish Library in Buenos Aires (Biblioteca Polaca Ignacio Domeyko) and the archives of the Franciscan Monastery in Martin Coronado in Argentina. The study required the use of appropriate research methods, such as biographical interpretive method and narrative analysis.
Jan Stachniuk (1905–1963) was genuine Polish philosopher and political activist. Stachniuk started his activity in ranks of the left-wing Piłsudskite youth movement but during 1930s he became an ideologue of the anti-Catholic ultra-nationalist far right group called Zadruga. Under Nazi occupation of Poland Zadruga movement was absorbed into left-nationalist Stronnictwo Zrywu Narodowego and after the World War II Stachniuk unsuccessfully tried to collaborate with new communist regime. His ideology was synthesis of pantheist neopaganism, extreme pan-Slavic nationalism and totalitarian (quasi-Stalinist) version of socialism but his last – and most mature – works proclaimed universalist ideal of human creativity.
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