Author: Katarzyna Mojska
E-mail: katarzyna.mojska@poczta.umcs.lublin.pl
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3382-7325
Author: Wojciech Mojski
E-mail: wojciech.mojski@poczta.umcs.lublin.pl
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4802-3346
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 247-258
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.20
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5820.pdf

Streszczenie:

Climate change, the global pandemic, economic crisis and worldwide social unrest create uneasy and challenging environment for business to operate. These processes also add a new dimension to the debate on corporate social responsibility (CSR), that since at least the middle of the 20th century has been growing in importance and gradually became a permanent component of the reformulated business-society relations lexicon. The aim of the article is to outline ambiguous nature of CSR and to examine the theoretical possibilities of relating the constitutional norms of modern democratic states to this complex social problem, in particular in the context of such issues as application of the constitution, constitutional clauses, the vertical and horizontal effect of constitutional norms, constitutional rights and obligations.

prawa i obowiązki konstytucyjne wertykalny i horyzontalny skutek norm konstytucyjnych klauzule konstytucyjne stosowanie Konstytucji społeczna odpowiedzialność biznesu constitutional rights and obligations vertical and horizontal effect of constitutional norms constitutional clauses application of the constitution CSR

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Author: Justyna Ciechanowska
E-mail: jciechanowska@ur.edu.pl
Institution: University of Rzeszów
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6115-0147
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 261-274
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.21
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5821.pdf

Streszczenie:

The purpose of this study is to discuss the guarantees of independence of the national supervisory authority in the light of the provisions of Regulation 2016/679 and national constitutional and statutory provisions. Ensuring the independence of the supervisory authority is recognized as one of the basic European standards for the protection of personal data. Independence manifests itself in the impossibility of issuing guidelines as to the manner of operation, limiting or eliminating the possibility of interfering with pending proceedings, limiting the impact on staffing. It is the independence of the authority that is intended to ensure the effectiveness and credibility of the supervision of compliance with the provisions on the protection of personal data of individuals.

President of the Data Protection Office personal data protection Regulation 2016/679 Prezes Urzędu Ochrony Danych rozporządzenie 2016/679 ochrona danych osobowych niezależność independence

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Author: Aldona Domańska
E-mail: adomanska@wpia.uni.lodz.pl
Institution: University of Łódź
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9343-6932
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 275-284
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.22
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5822.pdf

Streszczenie:

Freedom of conscience is the basis of a democratic state and a pluralistic society. It has been formed slowly in the course of long-lasting historical processes and philosophical discourse. Although intuitively understood, this concept is still not clearly defined. This freedom is guaranteed by the normative acts in force in the UN system, as well as in the Council of Europe and the European Union and in the basic laws of individual states. Its protection is the conscience clause, which is not regulated by the basic law. The aim of this research is to answer a question whether the conscience clause is a legal or purely ethical category. In view of the broad scope with regard to this issue, the paper is devoted to the question of determining the legal nature of the physician’s conscience clause.

norma etyczna norma prawna klauzula sumienia wolność sumienia prawa i wolności człowieka ethical norms legal norm conscience clause freedom of conscience human rights and freedoms

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Author: Marta Michalczuk-Wlizło
E-mail: michalczukm@poczta.onet.pl
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2107-881477
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 285-296
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.23
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5823.pdf

Streszczenie:

The issue of institutionalizing non-heteronormative unions arouses great controversy in Poland and has not yet been legally regulated in any form. The issue of institutionalizing same-sex unions is multifaceted and has an interdisciplinary character. The aim of the article is to analyze selected premises, both legal and ideological, related to the admissibility of institutionalizing the form of relationships of non-heteronormative people.

Kościół katolicki art. 18 Konstytucji RP związki osób nieheteronormatywnych związki jednopłciowe catholic church Art. 18 of the Polish Constitution non-heteronormative unions same-sex unions

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Author: Damian Wicherek
E-mail: wicherekdamian@gmail.com
Institution: University of Rzeszow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1710-0820
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 297-306
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.24
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5824.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article analyzes the election programmes of the two largest political parties in Poland, namely, Law and Justice and the Civic Platform (Civic Coalition) from the 2019 parliamentary elections, referring to the proposals of these parties to change the functioning of the state, in particular the scope of legislative, executive and judicial power. The conclusion summarizes the presented programme proposals, considering whether their implementation would be possible under the current political conditions.

ustrój państwa państwo programy partie polityczne wybory parlamentarne state system state programmes political parties parliamentary elections

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Author: Andrzej Madera
E-mail: amadera@poczta.onet.pl
Institution: Pedagogical University of National Education Commission in Krakow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5281-1743
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 307-316
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.25
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5825.pdf

Streszczenie:

Independence of the judiciary is a fundamental value. It determines the quality of organization and work, as well as the role that judicature plays in a democratic country. Justice, based on the rule of law and constituting the highest value for the society, can be implemented only in the spirit of this independence. Any changes and modifications ought to strive for one goal - a strong, independent judicature. The paper introduces the reconstruction process of the Polish judiciary after World War II, outlining the problems and challenges that it had to face in that period.

niezawisłość niezależność sądownictwo powojenne wymiar sprawiedliwości independence of the judiciary post-war judiciary judicature

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Author: Marcin Jurgilewicz
E-mail: m.jurgilewicz@prz.edu.pl
Institution: Rzeszow University of Technology
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2243-2165
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 317-329
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.26
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5826.pdf

Streszczenie:

Nowadays, international disputes appear in the public space, which results, for example, from the fact that the needs are unlimited and the goods are limited. Due to its specific nature, the international environment requires a compromise between the entities operating in it. A desirable direction in case of conflicts between international entities is to resolve them by peaceful means. In the international environment, one of the largest international organizations - the United Nations - is of great significance, especially in the field of maintaining international order and peace. In turn, according to the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, it is possible to resolve international disputes by peaceful means, and among the characteristic methods used in this type of proceedings is the mediation method, the effectiveness of which allows, in the long term, to maintain the desired state of peace, strengthening the legal security of the state.

pokój mediacja spór międzynarodowy prawo bezpieczeństwo państwo peace mediation international dispute Law security state

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Author: Anna Frankiewicz-Bodynek
E-mail: a.mfrankiewicz@gmail.com
Institution: University of Opole
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1304-9383
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 331-341
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.27
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5827.pdf

Streszczenie:

The subject of this study is to determine the mutual relations in which the creator of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997 located the nation and the state. The text presents two opposing trends, showing how this relationship is perceived in the literature of the so-called Western countries and countries that have joined this group in recent decades. Arguments pointing to the empirical truth of the current presented by Polish representatives of science - the East European trend were presented. It was pointed out that the state is not an indispensable nation-building criterion, and thus that the state is not always primary toward the nation. Then, two concepts of the nation adopted in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland were presented, and it was shown that the expectations of the “political nation” and the “cultural nation” toward the organs of state authority may refer to completely different spheres of state activity.

stosunek narodu do państwa tożsamość narodu polskiego naród w znaczeniu etnicznym Naród w znaczeniu politycznym suwerenność państwa suwerenność narodu nation-state relation identity of the polish nation political meaning of the term “nation” sovereignty of a state sovereignty of a nation

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Author: Katarzyna Dunaj
E-mail: katarzyna.dunaj@up.krakow.pl
Institution: Pedagogical University of Krakow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4788-6019
Author: Bogdan Fischer
E-mail: bfischer@fischer.biz.pl
Institution: Pedagogical University of Krakow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1893-5870
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 343-354
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.28
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5828.pdf

Streszczenie:

The adoption of the UE Directive on Open Data and Re-use of Public Sector Information gives rise to necessity of its implementation by the Member States of the European Union. The process of implementing the Directive in Poland has also a significant constitutional value, because - according to the authors of this article - its content is realization of the principle of the common good (Article 1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland: “The Republic of Poland shall be the common good of all its citizens”). This is because data sharing has not only economic value, allowing the entity using access to public information to achieve a financial benefit, but also in other areas, where, in principle, both parties (a person and public authority) benefit from such action. Therefore, the role of public authorities should be to ensure the widest possible access to public sector information in order to implement the constitutional principle of the common good.

Konstytucja RP dobro wspólne współdzielenie danych informacja publiczna Constitution of the Republic of Poland common good data sharing public information

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Author: Anna Pięta-Szawara
E-mail: apieta@ur.edu.pl
Institution: University of Rzeszow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7237-295X
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 355-365
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.29
PDF: ppk/58/ppk5829.pdf

Streszczenie:

The right to education for persons with disabilities results from the constitutional principle of universal and equal access to education, however, it frequently encounters difficulties in implementation. This issue is particularly important not only from the point of view of Polish law but also due to international guarantees of universal access to education and activities aimed at the elimination of all forms of discrimination. They were included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Convention on Human Rights. European standards in this respect are set, first of all, by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, EU regulations and directives, as well as by the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Moreover, the issue of the universal and equal right to education was also raised in the documents of the Council of Europe: the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Social Charter, judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, and decisions of the European Committee of Social Rights.

Discrimination the right to education inclusive education dyskryminacja prawo do nauki equality before the law równość wobec prawa

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