Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 410-420
PDF: ppk/60/ppk60auth.pdf

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Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 5-8

Streszczenie:

Author: Krzysztof Urbaniak
E-mail: krzysztof_urbaniak@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: 0000-0002-0735-8924
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 15-29
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.01
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6001.pdf

Streszczenie:

The 12 December 2019 General Election was a turning point in the recent political his- tory of the United Kingdom. It ended one turbulent period in which British politics was characterized by high instability and indecision. Above all, it ended the extended dead- lock with the work on ending the exit of the United Kingdom of the European Union (Brexit). It is clear that the result of the 2019 General Election was the culmination of the 2016 referendum on EU membership. The ruling Tories led by Prime Minister Bo- ris Johnson stood for the elections under the slogan “get Brexit done”. As a result, the elections met the criteria for a second, indirect Brexit referendum. By winning the elec- tions, the conservatives obtained a public mandate to complete the process of leaving the EU. The purpose of this article is to analyze the genesis and course of the 2019 elec- tions to the House of Commons and to attempt to answer the question about the conse- quences of the election results.

większościowy system wyborczy wybory do Izby Gmin system partyjny Brexit

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Author: Magdalena Musiał-Karg
E-mail: magdalena.musial-karg@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: 0000-0002-6089-1381
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 31-48
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.02
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6002.pdf

Streszczenie:

In order to guarantee a higher level of implementation of the principle of universality of elections, many countries introduce additional (other than voting at a polling station) forms of voting in elections. Postal voting is one of the most popular alternative voting methods – complementary to traditional voting. If this form is the only way to partici- pate in elections – there appear doubts as to the low degree of guarantee of the principle of universality. The aim of this article is to analyze Poland’s rather limited experienc- es with postal voting, with particular emphasis on the organization of elections during the Covid-19 pandemic.

wyłączne głosowanie korespondencyjne pandemia COVID-19 COVID-19 głosowanie korespondencyjne wybory Poland

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Author: Elżbieta Lesiewicz
E-mail: elzbieta.lesiewicz@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: 0000-0002-6209-3455
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 49-63
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.03
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6003.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article deals with the issues of independence referenda in Catalonia and the reaction of the European Union to them. These referenda were held in 2014 and 2017, with no approv- al from the Spanish government. At the beginning of the 21 st century, regionalist and na- tionalist movements have developed in the Member States of the European Union. An im- portant determinant of these centrifugal forces was the economic crisis in Europe, which activated separatist tendencies in the economically developed regions of the EU. An ex- ample of such secessionism is Catalonia, where there was a revival of regional nationalism manifested by the wave of separatist movements. Disputes over the independence of Cata- lonia have been an important topic of consideration in the European Union in the context of its integrity. This text concentrates on the causes, course, and consequences of the inde- pendence referenda in Catalonia as well as on the EU’s reactions to the Catalonian crisis.

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Author: Natasza Lubik-Reczek
E-mail: natasza.lubik@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: 0000-0003-4294-5064
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 65-77
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.04
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6004.pdf

Streszczenie:

In modern democracies, the fundamental type of political activities of citizens is electoral participation of all eligible groups. The appearance of the youth issue in the political discourse is the result of recognizing the young generation as a signif- icant social group. The young generation is perceived through the prism of innova- tion, potential and driving force of any changes. In discussions about the future of democracy, the young generation appears very often as a sign of hope for a better world based on mutual understanding, respect, trust, and solidarity. The youngest voters have the potential to bring new values to social life thanks to which we can become a full-scale civil society. Therefore, it is important to mobilize this social group to exercise their full rights.

młodzież aktywność polityczna kobiet wybory partycypacja obywatelska młodzieży

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Author: Prawa mniejszości narodowych w prawie wyborczym do chorwackiego Saboru
E-mail: kskladowski@wpia. uni.lodz.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
ORCID: 0000-0003-3199-7440
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 79-93
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.05
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6005.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article is devoted to the election law in force in the Republic of Croatia, in particu- lar to the provisions regulating the procedure for electing representatives of national mi- norities. In Croatia, the electoral system for the Sabor consists of three separate methods of selecting deputies. The first and fundamental one involves the election of 140 deputies in 10 constituencies. In each of the constituencies, 14 representatives are elected on the basis of a proportional system, using the d’Hondt method and the 5% electoral thresh- old applied to the constituency scale. The second is used in the election of three repre- sentatives of the Croatian diaspora. The constituency is the entire world, and the distri- bution of seats is also made proportionally using the d’Hondt method. The third, used in the election of 8 representatives of national minorities, is the majority system. The ar- ticle analyzes the method of electing minority representatives and the consequences of applying this election procedure.

wybory system wyborczy Chorwacja prawa mniejszości narodowych

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