Author: Janusz Roszkiewicz
E-mail: j.roszkiewicz@wpia.uw.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5055-2215
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 141-153
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.09
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6009.pdf

Streszczenie:

Is Polish Constitution adjusted to the times of crisis? Selected problems and de lege ferenda propositions

The subject of this article is the question whether the Constitution of the Republic of Po- land of 1997 provides sufficient guarantees for the continuity of government and cooper- ation of public authorities in the event of sudden threats such as war, rebellion, natural disaster or terrorist attack. The analysis shows that the Constitution of the Republic of Poland is prepared for standard emergency situations, but does not contain procedures in the event of the worst-case scenarios: necessity of state of emergency during electoral campaign; failure to gather a minimum quorum of 230 deputies for the needs of a ses- sion of the parliament; the death of top politicians in the state.

ciągłość władzy stan nadzwyczajny stan klęski żywiołowej stan wyjątkowy stan wojenny Prezydent RP

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Kamil Glinka
E-mail: kamil.glinka2@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4983-9697
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 155-172
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.10
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6010.pdf

Streszczenie:

The political consequences of changing the election formula and restrictions on standing for elections – the case of the elections to councils of large and medium-sized cities in the Lower Silesian Voivodship in 2014 and 2018

The main aim of the article is to analyze the relationship between the structure of po- litical rivalry and the solutions adopted under the amendment to the Electoral Code of 2018. The author uses several research methods (system analysis, content analysis, com- parative analysis, indexing methods) in order to test the hypothesis according to which the change in the structure of political rivalry in the large and medium-sized cities in the Lower Silesia Voivoideship observed in 2018 is a consequence of: (1) the change in the current election formula, i.e. the introduction of a proportional electoral system in cit- ies that are not cities with poviat rights, and (2) restrictions related to standing for elec- tion to legislative authority. The multifactorial analysis of the results of local govern- ment elections illustrates the actual scope of changes in the structure of political rivalry.

Dolny Śląsk formuła wyborcza kandydowanie rada miejska rywalizacja polityczna

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Ewa Żołnierczyk
E-mail: ezolnierczyk@ wpa.uz.zgora.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2168-0597
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 173-187
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.11
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6011.pdf

Streszczenie:

Citizen’s right to care during their stay abroad – constitutional and EU regulations

The article concerns the legal aspects of care provided to a citizen during a stay abroad in the constitutional and EU dimension. Both the provisions of the Polish Constitution and the provisions of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union guarantee citizens protection during their stay abroad. The aim of the publication is to analyze who the assistance is addressed to, in what situations and by what entities the assistance is or can be provided. The article compares the internal law and EU regulations. The aim of the considerations was to indicate the similarities and differences in the scope of assis- tance offered under the constitutional and EU care. The thesis that consular functions need to be constantly evolved should be defended due to the dynamically changing of the reality, like intensified migratory movements of citizens.

opieka nad obywatelem w czasie pobytu za granicą konsul opieka konsularna opieka dyplomatyczna

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Emilia Gulińska
E-mail: e.gulinska@uthrad.pl.
Institution: Uniwersytet Technologiczno-Humanistyczny im. Kazimierza Pułaskiego w Radomiu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1106-5067
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 189-201
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.12
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6012.pdf

Streszczenie:

The right of the commune to associate in the light of applicable legal solutions

The purpose of this study is to analyze the constitutional legal regulation of the right of the commune to associate in the light of the applicable legal system. The starting point is to present the constitutional legal basis of the association. Next, accession to international associations by local government units was discussed. The next considera- tions concern international cooperation under European Union law. The last part of the work is an analysis of municipal associations in the light of the act on municipal self-government.

prawo do zrzeszania się współdziałanie gmina

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Ewa Michałkiewicz-Kądziela
E-mail: ewa.michalkiewicz@usz.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5396-1820
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 203-221
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.13
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6013.pdf

Streszczenie:

The problem of discrepancies in the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court regarding the transcription of a foreign birth certificates of a children of same-sex couples in the light of the Constitution of the Republic od Poland of 2nd April 1997

In recent years, refusal to transcribe birth certificates of children of same-sex cou- ples has increasingly become the subject of decisions of the Supreme Administrative Court and the Supreme Court. This extremely current and at the same time compli- cated legal problem has been subjected in this study to a multifaceted study. The in- terpretation of the provisions regulating the issue of birth certificates allowed to de- fine their place in the process of creating the child`s identity. On the other hand, the analysis of the case law made in the second part of the article made it possible to indicate specific consequences of the refusal to transfer foreign birth certificate to the national register of marital status. The most important and at the same time the most extensive part of the considerations is, however, the reference of the legal effects of the adopted solutions to the basic constitutional and international princi- ples and values. Such a broad approach to the problem provided the basis for formu- lating final conclusions as to the rightness of the actions taken by the Polish state to protect the domestic legal order.

prawo do tożsamości transkrypcja aktu stanu cywilnego akt urodzenia prawa dziecka konstytucja

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Jerzy Ciapała
E-mail: tljones@onet.eu
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5062-3834
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 223-241
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.14
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6014.pdf

Streszczenie:

The position of the constitutions of the Member States of the European Union – a few remarks against the background of current conditions and the relationship of the Court of Justice of the European Union with national courts

The subject of the study is to demonstrate that the possibilities and prospects of federal- izing the European Union are questionable in the context of current facts – pan-demia, economic crisis, the internal situation of economically, socially and culturally diverse member states, and as a consequence of a significant legal event – the judgment of the Federal Constitutional Court of the Federal Republic of Germany of May 5, 2020. With the above judgment, the German Constitutional Court refused to recognize the binding force in Germany of the judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union. This may affect the relations of the CJEU with the constitutional courts of the states, includ- ing the Polish Constitutional Tribunal, as the vast majority of them recognize the pri- macy of national constitutions.

ograniczenie regulacji instytucji unijnych Federalny Trybunał Konstytucyjny Niemiec Trybunał Sprawiedliwości UE zasada pomocniczości suwerenność

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Marcin Mrowicki
E-mail: mr.mrowicki@gmail.com
Institution: Biuro Rzecznika Praw Obywatelskich
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2072-3850
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 243-259
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.15
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6015.pdf

Streszczenie:

The effects of the limited judgments of the Constitutional Court for the incidental decisions in criminal proceedings. Analysis on the basis of the jugment of the Constitutional Court given on 16 July 2018 (case No. K 12/15)

This article discusses the effects of the limited judgments of the Constitutional Court in Poland declaring that the legal provisions not providing for an appeal against the incidental decision issued in criminal proceedings are not in conformity with the Polish Constitution. The analysis is held on the basis of the limited judgment of the Constitutional Court given on 16 July 2018, case No. K 12/15. It is not clear whether the limited judgment could be a basis to apply for a leave to lodge interlocutory appeal in the criminal proceedings. Moreover, it should be clarify whether the limited judgment could be a basis of reopening the incidental proceedings. The author presents the thesis that, firstly, the limited judgment of the Constitutional Court shall be the basis to apply for a leave to lodge interlocutory appeal against the incidental decision and, secondly, the limited judgment should be the basis to reopen the incidental proceedings.

wyrok zakresowy TK przywrócenie terminu wznowienie postępowania incydentalnego rozstrzygnięcia incydentalne

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Mateusz Tomczyk
E-mail: mateusz.tomczyk@usz.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6053-478X
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 261-277
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.16
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6016.pdf

Streszczenie:

Scientific plagiarism and punishable plagiarism – de lege lata considerations from the perspective of the constitutional requirement of specific features of the type of a prohibited act

Scientific work, as a “form of expression” of a scientific finding, is the result of a crea- tive, but relatively standardized work of the scientist. This “form of expression” is pro- tected under copyright law. Nevertheless, in the scientific community it happens that this is used not in accordance with the principle of fire use, i.e. fair borrowing. On this basis, the phenomenon of scientific plagiarism is born. However, there is a serious diffi- culty in distinguishing between these scientific plagiarisms, which can be understood as scientific misconduct (scientific fraud), from punishable ones under Art. 115 paragraph 1 of the Act on copyright and related rights. Not all scientific plagiarism is punishable plagiarism under this Article. Nevertheless, the current formula of the statutory hall- marks of this act is so elastic that it becomes a problem to distinguish the protected ele- ments of a scientific work from those elements which are not protected from the point of view of copyright as well as criminal law. In turn, such a state of affairs may contribute to the weakening of the principle of nullum crimen sine lege certa and stricta, and thus to interference with the freedom of scientific activity under Art. 73 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.

wolności działalności naukowej uczciwe zapożyczenie plagiat utwór naukowy

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Aneta Arkuszewska
E-mail: aarkuszewska@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1323-4490
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 279-295
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.17
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6017.pdf

Streszczenie:

The institution of the child’s hearing in the light of the Polish Constitution (selected issues)

The subject of this article is the analysis of the institution of the child hearing provid- ed for in Art. 72 (3) of the Polish Constitution. The right of a child to be heard is one of the fundamental rights of a child and is part of child’s right to protection in legal proceedings concerning it. The publication presents the concept of a child itself, which is defined in various ways due to the lack of one universal, system-wide definition of a child, and also presents an example catalog of matters falling under the constitu- tional premise – “establishing children’s rights”. The group of entities obliged to hear a child, such as generally accepted public authorities and persons responsible for the child, were also introduced. The introduction of the above-mentioned concepts made it possible to assume that the institution of hearing the child is necessary to ensure the fundamental rights of the child and as an element of its right to protection in le- gal proceedings concerning it.

osoby odpowiedzialne za dziecko ustalanie praw dziecka organy władzy publicznej dziecko wysłuchanie publiczne Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

Kontynuuj czytanie

Author: Monika Klejnowska
E-mail: mklejn@univ.rzeszow.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0025-0371
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 297-312
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.18
PDF: ppk/60/ppk6018.pdf

Streszczenie:

Constitutional aspects of cassation judgment in the Polish criminal trial

The article shows how the cassation appeal model determines the exercise of the right to a fair trial. The aim was to examine the constitutionality of solutions concerning re- trial not considered to a greater extent in the science of the criminal process. The for- mal and dogmatic method was used in the research. The Constitution of the Republic of Poland does not indicate what the model of the criminal trial is. It does not explicitly contain an order or a prohibition to repeal judgments and refer the case for reconsidera- tion. The legislator, while shaping the right to revoke judgments, including legally bind- ing ones, and to refer the case for reconsideration, must, however, particularly carefully balance all the conflicting values. It must particularly take into account the importance of hearing a case without undue delay and the stability of final court decisions as con- stitutional values.

przekazanie sprawy do ponownego rozpoznania postępowanie odwoławcze prawo do sądu

Kontynuuj czytanie

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart