Author: Anna Szluz
E-mail: a.szluz@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet SWPS w Warszawie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2881-8747
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 191-203
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.02.11
PDF: ppk/48/ppk4811.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article presents the legal position of the Chief of the Chancellery of the President of Poland. The President has an influence on shaping the closest surroundings (selection of the Chief is the sovereign decision of the President). The Chief manages the work of the Presidential Chancellery, represents it and stands at its head. The strong position of the Chief should be emphasized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the legal position of Chief as defined by the Constitution and the Statute of the Presidential Chancellery.

Kancelaria Prezydenta Szef Kancelarii Prezydenta prezydent

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Author: Halina Zięba-Załucka
E-mail: hzalucka@onet.eu
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1646-3141
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 205-221
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.02.12
PDF: ppk/48/ppk4812.pdf

Streszczenie:

The author discusses the issue of finding a balance between monitoring that works both in public and private space as an element of ensuring the security of citizens, and violating their right to privacy guaranteed in the constitution. It is a matter of dispute enough that disputes persist in many environments, to the extent that the use of monitoring complies with legal and ethical standards and serves to ensure the security of citizens. The boundary between security protection and the right to privacy is also important. The author points out that there is still no law on video monitoring, despite work on its content for over 5 years. It shows how widely used monitoring is and how it affects the right to privacy. The main thesis was assumption that access to modern technologies and information techniques significantly changed the perception of human rights and the use of monitoring in the context of, in particular, the right to privacy – significantly limiting them. The author notices that privacy as a good of special significance for a man but also in a specific scope of a legal person takes the form of constitutional value resulting from several provisions of the binding constitution, including the most important article 47 and others, ie article 48–51, 53.

prawo do prywatności bezpieczeństwo obywateli konstytucja monitoring

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Author: Jerzy Szukalski
E-mail: jerzy.szukalski@onet.eu
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Stosunków Międzynarodowych i Komunikacji Społecznej w Chełmie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9960-7571
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 223-244
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.02.13
PDF: ppk/48/ppk4813.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article presents the institution of the Commissioner for Human Rights in Turkmenistan, also officially referred to as the Ombudsman of Turkmenistan. The institution of Ombudsman was established in the Constitution of Turkmenistan in a new editing of 14 September 2016, and detailed regulations were included in the Law of 23 November 2016 “On Ombudsman”. Statutory regulations concerning the Ombudsman generally meet the standards of similar acts being in force in democratic countries. However, in the reality of the authoritarian system of Turkmenistan, where fundamental human rights are violated, the new institution is not able to perform the functions for which it was established. The evidence is the Ombudsman’s first report for 2017, which clearly lacks cases relating to human rights of the first generation. As a matter of fact, until democratic changes take place in Turkmenistan, as well as change in the policy of the state authorities in their approach to the protection of individual rights and freedoms, the institution of the Ombudsman will remain a facade institution.

Pełnomocny Rzecznik ds. Praw Człowieka ustawa konstytucja prawa człowieka ombudsman Turkmenistan

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 261-271
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppk/48/ppk48auth.pdf

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 1-8
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppk/49/ppk49toc.pdf

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 89-104
DOI Address: -
PDF: ppk/49/ppk4900.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Jacek Zaleśny
E-mail: zalesnyjacek@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8231-4445
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 13-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.03.01
PDF: ppk/49/ppk4901.pdf

Streszczenie:

Article (whose first part was published in the previous volume of „Constitutional Law Review”) discusses the problem of constitutional judiciary in post-Soviet states. The author formulates a thesis that constitutional courts in post-Soviet states were supposed to create proper conditions for the primacy of the constitution in the system of normative acts and its direct effect on legal relations taking place in the state. It was expected to guarantee the freedom and rights of an individual. The radiation of the constitution onto the whole of legal, political, economic or social relations occurring in the state promotes the stability of the state’s political system, the protection of values important for the citizens. The author formulates a thesis that to make it happen, proper political conditions are necessary and within them – the control of the new normative acts in the context of their compatibility with the laws of higher legal force, including above all the constitution. This part of the text analyzes the functions of constitutional courts and their political roles in post-Soviet states. Conclusions regarding both parts of the text. First part of this paper was published in „Przegląd Prawa Konstytucyjnego” 2019, no. 2, pp. 137–164.

praktyka konstytucyjna model europejski państwa poradzieckie analiza porównawcza Rada Konstytucyjna sądownictwo konstytucyjne

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