Author: Wojciech Włoch
E-mail: wloch.wojciech@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0807-5130
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 171-188
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.09
PDF: ppk/47/ppk4709.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the paper I put forward a thesis that it is possible to distinguish two different ways of understanding Rawls’ constitutional essentials – universal and particularistic. The aim of the article is to provide an answer to the question whether there exists such a form of particularistic interpretation that does not compromise its coexistence with the universal interpretation. The answer is based on an analysis of the understanding of freedom of conscience and religion contained in the judgments of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal. Two forms of particularistic interpretation may be identified. The first strengthens the position of minorities, while the second of the majority. The first form may coexist with the universalist constitutional essentials, provided that it eliminates the actual existing inequalities, whereas particularistic interpretation of constitutional essentials is acceptable when it allows for a better implementation of the idea of autonomy.

partytularne i uniwersalne constitutional essentials constitutional essentials

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Author: Martyna Kaczmarczyk
E-mail: martyna_lawrynowicz@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Humanistycznospoełczny Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej w Warszawie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6169-9466
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 189-206
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.10
PDF: ppk/47/ppk4710.pdf

Streszczenie:

Safety is widely understood as a natural human right and has numerous guarantees in international legal acts and in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. As a concept, it has a wide range and many aspects, which makes it difficult to clearly define. Its range includes diverse spheres of individual and social life. In the era of intense interpenetration of private and public life, safety in the individual dimension clashes with its collective aspect. Both public safety and private security are not absolute goods, and the Constitution provides possibility of limiting them. The purpose of the article is whether and to what extent the entity’s ability to use the right to security is affected by restrictions on the use of freedom and constitutional rights, including private security, as provided in art. 31 para. 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland for protection, among others public safety and public order.

porządek publiczny ograniczenia wolności i praw prawa kolektywne bezpieczeństwo osobiste nietykalność osobista bezpieczeństwo publiczne prawa i wolności człowieka

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Author: Krzysztof Kozłowski
E-mail: krzys.kozlowski@uj.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7439-7165
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 208-226
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.11
PDF: ppk/47/ppk4711.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Constitution of the Republic of Poland provides for Polish citizens the right to diplomatic and consular protection, which may be implemented during their stay abroad. The article draws attention to the need to interpret the provision of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, taking into account the regulations of international law. It also formulates the thesis that the current international relations of a political or economic nature have a significant influence on the manner of applying the discussed law. The rest of the article discusses the subject matter of art. 36 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and associates the right to care abroad with the institution of citizenship. The issues of the so-called abandonment of the citizen and the possibility of taking care of people who do not have Polish citizenship. The last part of the study is devoted to the issue of the content of the right to care. Attention was drawn to the indefinability of the concepts of diplomatic care and consular protection. What is also important there is the practical aspect, consisting in the virtually unlimited right of the state to represent its citizen abroad.

prawo do opieki dyplomatycznej i konsularnej cudzoziemiec konwencja międzynarodowa obywatelstwo suwerenność

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Author: Katarzyna Sopolińska
E-mail: kate.sopolinska@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6860-5530
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 227-241
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.12
PDF: ppk/47/ppk4712.pdf

Streszczenie:

Bhutan is very rarely the subject of research and in-depth analysis, which is caused by the small size of the state and the lack of a significant role in the international arena. Few bibliographic positions, in particular in the field of legal and political science, enforces basing primarily on sources such as legal acts and information from official websites. Therefore, the aim of the article is to outline the political system of Bhutan and individual constitutional solutions, as well as an attempt to compare the political system existing before the implementation of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan in 2008 with the current one. The method used is an independent analysis of the content of constitutional provisions and the comparative method. The article introduces the principles of the tri-division of power introduced in Bhutan, shows the specificity of the political system and the individual differences between the absolute monarchy and the constitutional monarchy.

monarchia konstytucyjna Bhutan system polityczny

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Author: Natalia Janowska
E-mail: janowskanatalka@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3026-1618
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 243-251
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.13
PDF: ppk/47/ppk4713.pdf

Streszczenie:

The article analyzes concepts for shaping the agricultural system originating from the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. The concept of an agricultural holding and the agricultural system in the light of the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Tribunal and the doctrine of law were analyzed and systematized. The next part of the article discuss mechanisms for supporting by the government the basic unit of the agricultural system, which is a family farm. In the last part of the article the issues concerning the right of inheritance of farms were analyzed

rolnik indywidualny prawo dziedziczenia rodzinne gospodarstwo rolne ustrój rolny konstytucja

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Author: Piotr Kapusta
E-mail: p.kapusta@wpa.uz.zgora.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2002-5419
Author: Anna Chodorowska
E-mail: a.chodorowska@wpa.uz.zgora.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9660-4049
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 263-265
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.15
PDF: ppk/47/ppk4715.pdf

Streszczenie:

Author: Katarzyna Płonka-Bielenin
E-mail: dariuszbielenin@wp.pl
Institution: Górnośląska Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa im. Wojciecha Korfantego w Katowicach
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4208-5172
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 267-270
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.16
PDF: ppk/47/ppk4716.pdf

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