Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 30 May 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Robert Gawłowski
E-mail: robert.gawlowski@wsb.bydgoszcz.pl
Institution: WSB University in Toruń (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3419-7679
Author: Mariusz Kubiak
E-mail: kubmar11@gazeta.pl
Institution: Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6757-5509
Author: Juliusz Piwowarski
E-mail: rektor@apeiron.edu.pl
Institution: The University of Public and Individual Security “Apeiron” (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9196-1194
Author: Dariusz Minkiewicz
E-mail: dary@op.pl
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0000-0000-0001
Source: Show
Page no: 17
Pages: 91-107
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202111
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202111.pdf

Streszczenie:

In many countries, the police, as a part of public administration, have witnessed many changes during the last few years. This article explores the process of the reform of the Polish police force, which took place between 2015 and 2017. Doing so examines in detail the process of implementing an IT tool – The National Security Threat Map – by paying particular attention to the mechanism of engaging external stakeholders. This study is conceptual but empirically focused. The paper posits that, despite the hierarchical nature of the police administration structure, it is possible to build an engagement of external stakeholders.

IT tolls local security community policing public policy

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 30 April 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Marek Górka
E-mail: marek.gorka@tu.koszalin.pl
Institution: Koszalin University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6964-1581
Source: Show
Page no: 19
Pages: 71-89
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202112
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202112.pdf

Streszczenie:

The cybersecurity issue discussed in the paper is seen from the perspective of political science with the indication that the subject under discussion concerns the multifaceted nature of the state’s actions, which consists of political, economic, social, and cultural factors. At the same time, the work also intends to prove that cybersecurity is not only a domain of technology because it is the mentioned aspects that shape the conditions of stable development of the state and its citizens in a space dominated by cyber technology in a much more decisive way. Given the growing role of cybertechnology in almost all areas of human life, its importance also forces and inspires political science to question the shape and model of modern policy, which is significantly evolving under the influence of new technologies. On the one hand, emerging cyber threats reveal the weakness of the state and the dependence of state institutions on cybertechnologies, but on the other hand, existing cyber incidents may also motivate many governments to take action to increase the level of cybersecurity.

cybersecurity policy cybersecurity political theory international relations

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 28 April 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Joanna Rak
E-mail: joanna.rak@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0505-3684
Source: Show
Page no: 4
Pages: 177-180
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202114
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202114.pdf

Streszczenie:

Book review: Bartosz Bolechów, Gdy światło się mroczy: Światopogląd Państwa Islamskiego w perspektywie teorii opanowywania trwogi, Toruń 2020, pp. 276.

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 7 July 2020
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Wioleta Gierszewska
E-mail: wioleta.gierszewska@ug.edu.pl
Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5024-9379
Author: Benjamin Mudaheranwa
E-mail: benothmar@gmail.com
Institution: Christian University of Rwanda (Rwanda)
Source: Show
Page no: 10
Pages: 109-118
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202115
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202115.pdf

Streszczenie:

This article aims to indicate the sources of problems in the field of governance and politics in the African Great Lakes Region. The countries of this region play an essential role in the global socio-political and economic system. Their development is hampered by numerous external and internal conflicts resulting from both the historical and contemporary problems of the countries. Colonialism had a major impact on the development of African countries. It manifested itself, among other things, in the spread of political domination. Adopting state management patterns from European culture and attempt to transplant them on African ground without understanding local cultural conditions contributed too much post-colonial fresh and modern conflict. Examples of this are failures to establish liberal democracy and its crises in the African Great Lakes Region.

African Polities African crisis African Great Lakes region politics democracy elections governance

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 24 January 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Andrzej Kiepas
E-mail: andrzej.kiepas@us.edu.pl
Institution: Silesian University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5279-5288
Source: Show
Page no: 4
Pages: 169-172
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202113
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202113.pdf

Streszczenie:

Book Review: Terje Tüür-Fröhlich, Non-trivial Effects of Trivial Errors in Scientific Communication and Evaluation. Schriften zur Informationswissenschaft Band 69. Herausgegeben vom Hochschulverband für Informationswissenschaft (HI) e.V., Glückstadt 2016.

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 15 December 2020
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Karina Verónica Val Sánchez
E-mail: kafkakun@gmail.com
Institution: Selcuk University-Konya (Turkey)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7036-3523
Author: Nezir Akyesilmen
E-mail: nezmen@yahoo.com
Institution: Selcuk University-Konya (Turkey)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8184-5280
Source: Show
Page no: 27
Pages: 43-69
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202116
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202116.pdf

Streszczenie:

This paper highlighted the use of cyberspace as a conflict zone by the US and China, focusing on competition in various technological spheres, including cyberespionage, military technology, and Artificial Intelligence (AI). The main purpose of this study was to depict how great powers manipulate the cyber domain for their high political objectives through US-China rivalry. The research has been carried out mainly via literature review, discourse analysis, and relevant statistics. Consistent with previous literature and global public perception, the outcome has shown that both states are using cyberspace as a new domain for completion in trade, technology, and military purposes. Cyberespionage, the militarization of cyberspace, and AI have been the main conflict areas between these two global competitors in the last decade.

cyberespionage militarization of cyberspace artificial intelligence USA China

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 12 March 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: joanna.siekiera@uib.no
Institution: University of Bergen (Norway)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0125-9121
Source: Show
Page no: 11
Pages: 147-157
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202117
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202117.pdf

Streszczenie:

Sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea became a key topic for the negotiations since the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro. Ocean change is now the most significant threat facing humanity, especially those living in coastal areas. The possible and already observed loss of territory, and thus sovereignty of the submerged states, is not the only legal consequence of ocean change happening now, in the 21st century. Another factor is the downsizing of Exclusive Economic Zones, which implies political tensions between the neighboring countries, both sovereign and dependent territories of the former colonial powers. France is present in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean via its overseas collectivities. Thus, instead of being at the 45th position in the world’s ranking of the ocean powers, the Republic of France comes in the second position, straight after the United States of America. This high and indeed precious position, both geostrategically and economically, affects its views toward the United Nations negotiations process on biological diversity beyond national jurisdiction.

BBNJ maritime biodiversity ocean maritime biodiversity France

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 11 May 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Krzysztof Kowalczyk
E-mail: krzysztof.kowalczyk@usz.edu.pl
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5910-4854
Source: Show
Page no: 9
Pages: 27-35
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202118
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202118.pdf

Streszczenie:

This article aims to analyze the approach of Polish parliamentary parties to the anti-abortion legislation in 1991-2019 on the level of their ideological programmes. Classification of political parties concerning their ideological families has been proposed. Next, the article presents a typology based on the party’s attitude to the discussed problem, distinguishing the following categories of parties: the proponents of apportioning, the opponents of abortion, heterogeneous parties, and parties that do not express an opinion on this issue.

parliamentary parties legislation abortion Poland

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 8 June 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Aisyah Mumary Songbatumis
E-mail: mumarysongbatumis@gmail.com
Institution: Vistula University (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4144-2484
Source: Show
Page no: 23
Pages: 89-111
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202119
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202119.pdf

Streszczenie:

As Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono won the 2004 presidential election, it marked the end of Indonesia’s democratic transition era and experienced a dynamic change in foreign policy. The new international identity that viewed Islam as an asset was introduced by SBY, emphasizing the importance of moderate Islam as opposing extremism. The phenomenon of Islamic influence was not only the result of democratic consolidation domestically but also external factors such as the aftermath of 9/11 that portrayed Muslims as potential terrorists. For this reason, Indonesian foreign policy attempted to diminish such misconceptions and tried to be a peacemaker or a mediator in Muslim-related issues globally. To contextualize the analysis, the study focuses on the influence of Islam in Indonesian foreign policy towards the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and Pakistan. The mutual aspirations on the Palestinian statehood shared by both the government and the Muslim elements in society could be found, while religious sentiments were noticeable, as shown by the Muslim groups. In contrast, the influence of Islam in Indonesia-Pakistan relations, especially regarding the Kashmir dispute, was absent due to the difference in views of the government and the Muslim groups and constraining factors, including Indonesia’s national interest priority.

Islam in foreign policy Indonesian foreign policy political Islam national interest democracy

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Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 8 February 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Author: Kamil Pietrasik
E-mail: kamilpietrasik@interia.pl
Institution: Asia-Pacific Society (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
Source: Show
Page no: 3
Pages: 173-175
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202120
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202120.pdf

Streszczenie:

Book review: Alicja Stańco-Wawrzyńska, Cel: walka. Obraz terroryzmu w polskich dziennikach, Adam Marszałek Publishing House, Torun 2017, pp. 153.

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