Author: Łukasz Wordliczek
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland)
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 111-130
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005011
PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005011.pdf

Streszczenie:

A common knowledge shapes our perception of the world and forms our understanding of political phenomena. And almost everyone could agree with the argument that circumstances influence politics. The ebbs and flows in influence, power, prerogatives, performance, and activity of many political actors are an effect of changes in the world outside of them. But one may reasonably argue: what is the cause and what is the result? Is it really true the circumstances evidently, clearly have an effect on e.g. US presidential prerogatives? Or, quite contrary, is the actual, current politics as active as the presidents used their power? The article is about how the two worlds infl uence each other, what are the mutual connections between politics and political actors’ powers.

Presidential Power foreign policy Military Interventions

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Author: Wojciech Stankiewicz
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn (Poland)
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 131-151
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005012
PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005012.pdf

Streszczenie:

According to a nationwide survey conducted in July 2004 by the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press in association with the Council on Foreign Affairs 41% of those surveyed cited war, foreign policy and terrorism as the most important problems facing the United States of America. For the first time since the Vietnam era American voters are more concerned about international and defense issues than the economy or other domestic issues in the upcoming presidential election; thus the importance of foreign affairs in Democratic and Republican Parties’ platforms.

Republican Policies Democratic foreign policy

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Author: Donald Pienkos
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 153-160
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005013
PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005013.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Warsaw Uprising of August to October 1944 is a most appropriate subject given the impending 60th anniversary observance of this heroic and tragic occurrence. Our panel affords us with the opportunity to discuss and to reflect on this event, which in many ways embodies so much of the larger story of modern Poland. Our discussion occurs also at a time when we recall many other events of 1944, a climactic year in World War II. June 6 marks the 60th anniversary of the successful and massive Allied military invasion of France in Normandy. This victory was the decisive military achievement of the United States of America and its allies against Nazi Germany on the western front.

Polish–American Congress Congress international relations

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Author: Wojciech Kostecki
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 161-179
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005014
PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005014.pdf

Streszczenie:

The starting point of theoretical discourse on social conflicts, including ethnic ones, usually concerns their inevitability. This is because they form a specific class of social conflicts and as such are inherent – and crucial – for all social relations. A lot of notable works on the subject include such observation. ‘Conflict, of course, is intrinsic to human society and is often an agent of reform, adaptation, and development. But conflict can also engender destructive violence’, writes Richard H. Solomon. Conflicts perform the role of both social destroyers and creators, says Johan Galtung, and stresses: ‘Conflict generates energy. The problem is how to channel that energy constructively.’

Ethnic Conflict society

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Author: Sebastian Wojciechowski
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 181-186
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005015
PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005015.pdf

Streszczenie:

In spring 2005 I received an invitation from the US Department of State to visit the USA. Under an international research project International Visitor Leadership Program I took part in more than 70 different appointments, panel discussions, conferences and lectures. My stay was an individual and open one which means that it was arranged for a single person and several months in advance I was able to indicate the towns, universities and institutions I would like to visit and name the persons I would like to meet. The stay was also arranged in a way that provided me with an opportunity to become well acquainted with the United States both through the perspective of US cities (such as New York, Boston and Seattle), middle-sized towns (e.g. Buff alo and Indianapolis) and US provinces. The differences are by no means trivial both with respect to sizes and infrastructure as well as cultural and moral aspects. Diff erences may also be observed when comparing the East and West Coast. The complete itinerary of my visit included Washington – Hartford – Buffalo – Chicago – Indianapolis – Bloomington – Minneapolis – Seattle – Boston – New York.

report leadership Visitor Leadership

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Author: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 187-189
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005016
PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005016.pdf

Streszczenie:

In 2004 a remarkably interesting book appeared on Polish book market, written by a young researcher of Gdańsk’s circle, entitled The Road from Dictatorship to Democracy on Examples of Spain and Poland. This work is a subsequent volume of a publishing series Poland-European Union-Integration published under the patronage of Marshal of Senat of the Republic of Poland, Longin Pastusiak.

book review Anna Muller

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Author: Łukasz Dominiak
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 190-193
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005017
PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005017.pdf

Streszczenie:

The dynamic and range of polemics among social scientists can testify to branches of science vivacity and progress. Especially when those polemics’ implications are not closed inside the academic world, but they influence social and political life. This situation refers to liberal-communitarian debate. In 1956 Peter Laslett in Philosophy, Politics and Society announced the death of political philosophy. This subdisciplines’ end, as well as the whole philosophy, was connected with the rudimental modern world’s split in the humanistic and scientific vision. The collapse and rot of the political philosophy (Leo Strauss) reached their culmination in the logical positivism and its derivatives’ supremacy time. This neopositivism had been looking for the clear criteria of the science and metaphysic’s demarcation and, at the same time, had tried to exclude metaphysic outside the legitimated reflection. 

Paweł Śpiewak Łukasz Dominiak book review

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