Author: Teresa Łoś–Nowak
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 157-183
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008011
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008011.pdf

Streszczenie:

Questions asked above are in fact questions about theoretical identity, explanative efficiency and scope of researches in the international relations science, undertaken attempts of answering them decide on particular complexity of the subject of researches, controversies around subjective scope of researches and research methods. Starting from the first serious, inter-paradigmatic debate at the turn of nineteen fiftiies and sixties, conducted by representatives of the realistic trend and new behavioural approach to the last debate from nineteen eighties and nineties, there has been lasting discussion on ontological and epistemological problems of the international relations science. However, it does not discourage researchers from continuing careful and considerable reflection on the condition of discipline and its place in the Pantheon of Science, and for sure it does not discourage them from deepening theoretical discourse on explanative efficiency of various theoretical approaches and their methodological correctness in the process of getting to know, as well as explaining world complexity at the turn of the 20th and 21st century and new gauntlets thrown down by the 21st century.

Science International Relations Science international relations

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Author: Małgorzata Madej
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 184-207
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008012
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008012.pdf

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The political system of the French Fi€fth Republic is referred to as “semi-presidentialism”. This is is to indicate its mixed nature – of a system presidential and parliamentary at a time. The Constitution grants broad prerogatives – and assigns serious tasks to both the head of state – le Président de la République – and the chief of government – le Premier ministre. When the prime minister represented the pro-presidential political camp, the head of state gained very serious in! uence on governing the state and political strategy (first, when the French political scene was dominated by the right – 1958–1981; then by the le€ – 1981–1986 and 1988–1993; and finally by the right again 1995–1997 and since 2002). As early as during Charles de Gaulle presidency (1958–1969) the idea called domaine reservée came into existence. According to this political concept, the widelyinterpreted external policies – including foreign affairs and defence were recognised as presidential prerogatives, regardless the of literal construction of legal provisions. Relations within the executive changed radically with the end of political unity. During the so-called cohabitation French political practices were different and they ultimately led to an amendment of the Constitution.

Parliamentary Aspect French Semi–Presidential System France

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Author: Józef M. Fiszer
Institution: ISP PAN (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 208-213
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008013
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008013.pdf

Streszczenie:

Seemingly the European Union topic, globalisation and new international order issues have received enough attention, with scores of books published on the subject, innumerable conferences and seminars held, both in Poland as well as in countries all over the world, Western Europe in particular. Despite all that, many questions bothering academics and politicians remained unanswered, not to mention ordinary people in EU member states and countries aspiring to the Union membership. Still no one knows in what direction the changes should proceed, in relation to the European Union as well as the rest of the world, commonly referred to as globalisation or economic globalisation processes. We still do not know the future shape of Europe or the world. It is unknown to us what the new international order will look like, what main centres of power will develop, responsible for worldwide harmony, security, and peace. For that very reason the European Union idea, globalisation and integration processes have as many supporters as adversaries. What’s more, those who until recently were the enthusiasts of globalisation, are saying today, like the Noble laureate Joseph E. Stiglitz, that the way “in which globalisation is conducted, (…) should be thoroughly well-thought-out again”. At the same time we observe the renaissance of all kind of nationalisms and attempts to glorify the concept of an ethnic state, as a counterweight to commonwealth and above-national structures. It appears that the ideas that once united Europe, peace and prosperity, are not sufficient today. 

Józef M. Fiszer Jan Zielonka book review

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Author: Agnieszka Jasińska
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 213-215
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008014
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008014.pdf

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The work entitled “Human Rights Under Domestic Law”, edited by Agnieszka Florczak and Bartosz Bolechow is a joint publication devoted to broadly understood regulations regarding protection of freedom and human rights.The publication is a collection of six articles covering issues in the area of protection of freedom and human rights under domestic law in selected post-communist countries and in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States. €The book is addressed to students of law, political science, administration and sociology, as well as journalists, officials and all those who want to broaden their knowledge in the field of protection of human rights and freedoms.

Agnieszka Jasińska Bartosz Bolechow Agnieszka Florczak book review

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Author: Jakub Tyszkiewicz
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 215-218
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008015
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008015.pdf

Streszczenie:

The new book by an experienced historian and a diplomat Przemysław Grudzinski, who in this moment is the vice minister of Polish Foreign Affairs, is an interesting effort to answer the key question - what foreign policy is needed by Poles at the beginning of 21th century. The book can be divided into three main parts. First, the author, based on a theory of international relations and history, and his own diplomatic and scholarly experience, tries to find a solution for the Polish foreign policy. Secondly, the theoretical foundation shows the place of Poland in history and an international system since modern era until today. Thirdly, such an approach allows him to consider what kind of policy is needed for Warsaw today.

Jakub Tyszkiewicz Przemysław Grudziński book review

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Author: Rafał Riedel
Institution: University of Opole (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 218-220
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008016
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008016.pdf

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Paul Collier’s recent publication: ”The Bottom Billion” tries to give an answer to the question stated on the cover: why are the poorest countries failing and what can be done about it? Collier points at fifty states claiming that the real problem lies there, affecting circa one billion of their population. The sources of the decline in living standards are identified in four groups: the trap of a conflict, natural resources – usually being a part of the problem, less frequently part of the solution, the problem of being landlocked by “bad neighbors” and last but not least – bad governance.

Rafał Riedel Paul Collier book review

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Author: Piotr Krzyżański
Institution: University of Economics in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 220-224
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008017
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008017.pdf

Streszczenie:

In 2005 Adam Marszalek Publishing House published a pioneer book: Tactical Aspects of the Armed Struggle, which intended to be a briefing position about a not very well explored part of military history – the analysis of evolution of tactical factors influencing warriors and soldiers in the past historical époques.

Piotr Krzyżański Jarosław J. Piątek book review

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Author: Mariusz Popławski
Institution: University of Białystok
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 224-227
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008018
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008018.pdf

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The history of local government on Polish territories is not shorter or less fascinating than in other European countries. However, political obstacles, military conflicts, changes in the statehood system or finally its loss caused that what wherever else is the basis for further development of local democracy in Poland has to be built from the start. I mean here of course the long-lasting tradition of independent shaping and strengthening patterns, views and visions of local & regional self-governance, of which chance to fully develop Poland had not have. €The socio-political reality of today’s 3rd Republic is a dynamically evolving country, which due to the rapidness of that change demands strong support from its finest researchers and scientists.€ The goal set for them is to present a wide range of concepts that will allow to program the future direction of progress. €This way the necessary fundaments for Polish democracy at the regional and local level, and a tradition of discussion and sustainable development is born. In my opinion a good attempt to take part of the mentioned responsibility was the book edited by PhD Joanna Marszałek-Kawa from Univeristy of Nicolaus Copernicus in Torun, Poland.

Mariusz Popławski book review

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Author: Wojciech Stankiewicz
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 230-237
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008020
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008020.pdf

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Terrorism is one of the greatest threats to contemporary civilization.  e incidents that take the form of terrorist attacks occur in the territories of many countries, and they diff er not only in motives and methods, but also in realization measures.  ese incidents continue to grow in numbers and escalate. In fact, terrorism paralyses huge masses of people and causes harm to the proper functioning of democratic countries, especially their economic, social and political institutions. Rich countries are as much affected by it as those plunged in economic crises. Because of globalization, terrorists may freely travel around the world unnoticed by the most advanced identifi cation systems. 

Wojciech Stankiewicz S. Wojciechowski A. Wejkszner R. Fiedler P. Ebigg book review

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Author: Alfred Lutrzykowski
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2008
Source: Show
Pages: 237-239
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2008021
PDF: ppsy/37/ppsy2008021.pdf

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Protes Parties in Western Europe. Analysis of Political Relevance by Bartłomiej Michalak is a book that deserves attention of wide range of readers, who are willing to deepen their knowledge concerning transformations of contemporary party systems. It is political parties that since nearly two centuries are a phenomenon of European political life. In other parts of the world they bring attention of not only researchers, but also of constantly growing social groups. Today, political life of any society is hard imaginable without parties, its coalitions, contentions and conflicts as well as almost constant presence of parties’ leaders and activists in everyday life of millions of citizens of big metropolis and distant provinces.

Bartłomiej Michalak Alfred Lutrzykowski book review

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