Author: Tadeusz Godlewski
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 363–376
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014021
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014021.pdf

Streszczenie:

The text deals with the topic of civic political competence (civic competence) as an additional criterion of the quality of the democracy. It shows both theoretical aspects of this issue, identifying some specific elements of competence and the methodological problems of the research on civic competence. The article also includes reflections on the implementation of civic competence in the processes of deliberation.

political culture civic knowledge citizen civic competence political elites

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Author: Andrzej Antoszewski
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 377–388
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014022
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014022.pdf

Streszczenie:

This text is a record of a speech given during the Third Polish Conference of Chairs and Departments of Political Systems. The main subject of this paper is the need to carry out research on political systems using diverse methods and takes, both legal and “humanistic”. The paper shows how important in terms of methodology it is to compare particular legal status with reality using examples when legal analysis is not sufficient, for example, on the account of social rebellion. The text identifies challenges that researchers of political systems face due to that fact. In this context is also discusses the problems related to studying such institutions as, for example, the Ukrainian Maidan.

constitutional law political science research methodology political system

Author: Wiera Paradowska
Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
Author: Ryszard Paradowski
Institution: University of Warsaw (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 389–404
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014023
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014023.pdf

Streszczenie:

In this paper we would like to present a certain philosophical concept, which may be related to some contemporary philosophical controversies (and to political philosophy’ controversies included) concentrated around such problems as, the meaning of metaphysics and as the understanding of freedom. We are going also to say a word about the particularity of the philosophical understanding of reality, including the status of intention for agreement. The concept we present further for additional foundation of the Habermas’ idea of communicative action is a compound of metaphysics itself, and of our own concept of metaphysics, and of the two particular questions – interpretation of Plato’s philosophy as well as interpretation of the Biblical message about anthropogenesis.

dialectical metaphysics of choice democratic political philosophy Biblic pattern of antropogenesis Plato’s dilemma Habermas communicative action

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Author: Antoni Mironowicz
Institution: University of Białystok (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 405–420
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014024
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014024.pdf

Streszczenie:

The most difficult period that the Polish Autocephalous Church of the 2ⁿd Polish Republic experienced was in 1938 when, by the decision of administrative authorities, over 127 sacral buildings in Khelm region and Podlachia were pulled down. The third transfer stage took place from 1937 to 1939 and, for the most part, took the form of demolishing Orthodox churches. (It should be noted that the demolition of Orthodox churches happened throughout the whole period of the existence of the Second Polish Republic.) The churches which were destroyed were those which were the symbols of the Russian Tsar’s reign. Over thirty Orthodox churches were destroyed, including the cathedral in Saski Square in Warsaw, the Sts. Cyril and Methodius cathedral in Khelm and the Resurrection cathedral in Bialystok. The demolition of these Orthodox churches – regarded as symbols of Russian rule – was spontaneous and often irrational. Nevertheless, it never happened on a massive scale. Only in 1938 did a programme of destroying Orthodox churches emerge as a distinct element of the Polonisation effort. This programme was initiated by the government itself. The official reason was that those churches were not needed, dilapidated, or had been built as a result of Russifi cation in the past. However, it appears that the reason was to weaken the Belarusian and Ukrainian national minority movement through closing parishes and active Orthodox churches. The “pacifi cation: of parishes in 1937 started in the Lublin region. First, a kind of social movement for the “propagation of Polish values and traditions” was created by the polish local authority. Then the army and police persecuted the Orthodox Church and people in order to convert them to Roman Catholicism. The demolition of Orthodox churches was conducted from the second half of May until the first half of July 1938. The actions were taken up by the local administration and co-ordination committees with help from the army and police in a hostile, anti-Orthodox atmosphere. To this end, the government used youth, army sappers, worker brigades, and even prisoners. Administrative and material measures were used to pressure the Orthodox who were blackmailed and threatened while their churches, which often served thousands of faithful, were destroyed. In most cases, the Orthodox community made no attempt to actively resist the demolitions. They prayed and protested, but were unable to oppose such an officially organised action.

1919–1939 Orthodox Church Poland

Author: Tomek Czapiewski
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 421–424
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014025
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014025.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Scientific Conference under the name “Świnoujście LNG Terminal and the energy security of the region and Poland” was held at the Institute of Political and European Studies in Szczecin on 13th-14th November 2013. The Conference was attended by many eminent scientists and practitioners from all over Poland. Employees of inter alia AGH University of Science and Technology, Warsaw University, Jagiellonian University, Graduate School of Humanities and Journalism, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Western Institute and University of Wroclaw were present. Lack of experience in the execution of such investments in Poland and lack of national legislation adapted to the task required preparation and introduction of new laws and organizational solutions. Adopting the relevant legislation was treated as a priority by the Polish government and it helped to improve energy security and intensify the development of the Polish gas market. The location of the Świnoujście Terminal LNG in the Baltic Sea will provide the possibility of importing LNG from anywhere in the world and the distribution to operators in the country. The adoption of such solutions will be a viable diversifi cation of gas resources. This is important from the point of view of strategic Polish interests.

LNG Świnoujście Scientific Conference report energy security

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Author: Zuzanna Osmólska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 424–431
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014026
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014026.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Third Polish Conference of Chairs and Departments of Political Systems was held in the Palace in Ostromecko near Bydgoszcz on April 3 – 4. This time this event was organized by the Chair of the Political System of the Republic of Poland of the Faculty of Political Sciences and International Studies at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń in cooperation with The Fund for International Cooperation Support n.a. Professor Czesław Mojsiewicz, Adam Marszałek Publishing House, and Eastern Studies Center. The event was held under the scientific patronage of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń and Polish Political Science Association, while PiK Radio provided media patronage. Prof. Danuta Plecka (NCU) acted head of science, while Zuzanna Osmólska, MA, Katarzyna Miętkiewicz, MA and Paweł Jaroniak, MA were secretaries during the conference. The organizers suggested “Citizen and His Role in Shaping the Political System” as main theme of this year’s meeting. The plan of the conference included two lectures of valued experts on political systems theory and discussions. Among the speakers were the outstanding experts on the subject matter: Prof. Andrzej Antoszewski from the University of Wrocław and Prof. Tadeusz Godlewski from the Nicolaus Copernicus University. However, among participants were representatives of almost all university centres in Poland dealing with political systems. Amongst nearly fifty guests were scientists from the University of Warsaw, the University of Gdańsk, the University of Wrocław, the University of Silesia in Katowice, the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, the University of Łódź, the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin, the University of Rzeszów, the University of Zielona Góra, the Kazimierz Wielki University, the University of Szczecin, the Pedagogical University of Cracow, the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, the Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, and, of course, the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń.

Polish Conference of Chairs and Departments of Political Systems citizen report political system

Author: Andrzej Bisztyga
Institution: Katowice School of Economics (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 431–433
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014027
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014027.pdf

Streszczenie:

The seminary was a joint undertaking of the two committees of the Senate of the Republic of Poland and the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in Warsaw. It was held by the Senate Legislation Committee, Senate Territorial Self-Government and State Administration Committee and a team of the Embassy of Kazakhstan led by Ambassador Dr Yerik Utembaev. The seminary’s guests were Members of the Mazylis, Kazakhstan’s lower chamber of parliament chaired by Mazylis Deputy Chair – Mr Sergey A. Dyachenko. Besides, the seminary was participated by deputies, senators as well as representatives of business, academic and political communities, interested in and taking action for the development of the relations between Poland and post-Soviet states of Central Asia, including President of Adam Marszałek Publishing House, Dr Adam Marszałek, Doctor of Honoris Causa, Kyrgyz Russian Slavic University in in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. The organization of the seminary had several aims. The main aim of the event was the exchange of experiences between Poland and Kazakhstan in the scope of legislation concerning the activity of both countries’ territorial self-governments as well as in the scope of safeguarding freedoms and rights of national minorities. Of no less importance was enabling the Polish participants to learn the specific characteristics of the functioning of Kazak administration, which comes to pursue its tasks within a very extensive area inhabited by approximately 140 nations.

Seminary national minority policy Kazakhstan Poland

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Author: Wojciech Ziętara
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 434–437
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014028
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014028.pdf

Streszczenie:

Publication by multiple authors “The social thought of the major world religions” by the academic editor Professor Maria Marczewska-Rytko and Professor Edward Olszewski is the fourth publication of the series “Religious system in the contemporary world”. So far the following works have been published: M. Marczewska-Rytko, Religie i polityka w globalizującym się świecie [Religions and politics in the globalizing world], UMCS Press, Lublin 2010, pp.361; M.  Marczewska-Rytko (ed.), Religion in the Changing Europe: Between Pluralism and Fundamentalism. Selected Problems, UMCS Press, Lublin 2003, pp.240; M.  Marczewska-Rytko, Religie niechrzeœcijańskie w Polsce, [Non-Christian religionsin Poland], UMCS Press, Lublin 1997, pp. 143.

Edward Olszewski Maria Marczewska-Rytko book review

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Author: Włodzimierz Malendowski
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 438–440
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014029
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014029.pdf

Streszczenie:

The EU towards international criminal tribunals. Genesis, Concept and Practice of Cooperation’ is a study that focuses on the important research question of the broad and multi-aspectual problem of criminal tribunals on the international arena. This has been tackled in many Polish and foreign publications, however, to date no work has studied the EU cooperation with the three international criminal tribunals – two ad hoc ones and a permanent one. Therefore, it is necessary to recognise the ambitious and pioneering task and venture that the chosen research field is highly appropriate not only if one casts an eye at the monograph title, but foremost the case put forward in the introductory part.

Anna Potyrała international criminal courts Unia Europejska European Union book review

Author: Beata Słobodzian
Institution: University of Gdańsk (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 440–442
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014030
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014030.pdf

Streszczenie:

Issues related to the administrative division of Poland are among those problems that are intriguing to various social circles: researchers, scientists, economists, politicians. Disputes as to the number of voivodeships and their shape have been going on uninterruptedly since the introduction of the new administrative division of Poland in 1999. Every now and then we are faced with recurring debates, disputes about the need to introduce changes in Poland’s territorial organisation, yet with no effects. That is why issuing the publication “Division of Poland into Voivodeships. An attempt at Objectivisation” in 2013 seems justified and necessary. This study might spur deliberations on the reorganisation of territorial space on a voivodeship level.

Voivodship Łukasz Zaborowski local government book review

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